Can we call the function written in one JavaScript in another JS file?

Can we call the function written in one JavaScript in another JS file?

Can we call the function written in one JS file in another JS file? Can anyone help me how to call the function from another JS file?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

The function could be called as if it was in the same JS File as long as the file containing the definition of the function has been loaded before the first use of the function.

I.e.

File1.js

function alertNumber(number) {
    alert(number);
}

File2.js

function alertOne() {
     alertNumber("one");
}

HTML

<head>
....
    <script src="File1.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
    <script src="File2.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
....
</head>
<body>
....
    <script type="text/javascript">
       alertOne();
    </script>
....
</body>

The other way won’t work.
As correctly pointed out by Stuart Wakefield. The other way will also work.

HTML

<head>
....
    <script src="File2.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
    <script src="File1.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
....
</head>
<body>
....
    <script type="text/javascript">
       alertOne();
    </script>
....
</body>

What will not work would be:

HTML

<head>
....
    <script src="File2.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
    <script type="text/javascript">
       alertOne();
    </script>
    <script src="File1.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
....
</head>
<body>
....
</body>

Although alertOne is defined when calling it, internally it uses a function that is still not defined (alertNumber).

Related:  How to change the format of the LCOV report executed by Karma?

Solution 2:

The answer above has an incorrect assumption that the order of inclusion of the files matter. As the alertNumber function is not called until the alertOne function is called. As long as both files are included by time alertOne is called the order of the files does not matter:

[HTML]

<script type="text/javascript" src="file1.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="file2.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    alertOne( );
</script>

[JS]

// File1.js
function alertNumber( n ) {
    alert( n );
};
// File2.js
function alertOne( ) {
    alertNumber( "one" );
};
// Inline
alertOne( ); // No errors

Or it can be ordered like the following:

[HTML]

<script type="text/javascript" src="file2.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="file1.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    alertOne( );
</script>

[JS]

// File2.js
function alertOne( ) {
    alertNumber( "one" );
};
// File1.js
function alertNumber( n ) {
    alert( n );
};
// Inline
alertOne( ); // No errors

But if you were to do this:

[HTML]

<script type="text/javascript" src="file2.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    alertOne( );
</script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="file1.js"></script>

[JS]

// File2.js
function alertOne( ) {
    alertNumber( "one" );
};
// Inline
alertOne( ); // Error: alertNumber is not defined
// File1.js
function alertNumber( n ) {
    alert( n );
};

It only matters about the variables and functions being available at the time of execution. When a function is defined it does not execute or resolve any of the variables declared within until that function is then subsequently called.

Related:  Test for value in Javascript Array [duplicate]

Inclusion of different script files is no different from the script being in that order within the same file, with the exception of deferred scripts:

<script type="text/javascript" src="myscript.js" defer="defer"></script>

then you need to be careful.

Solution 3:

As long as both are referenced by the web page, yes.

You simply call the functions as if they are in the same JS file.

Solution 4:

If all files are included , you can call properties from one file to another (like function, variable, object etc.)

The js functions and variables that you write in one .js file –
say a.js will be available to other js files – say b.js as
long as both a.js and b.js are included in the file
using the following include mechanism(and in the same order if the function in b.js calls the one in a.js).

<script language="javascript" src="a.js"> and 
<script language="javascript" src="b.js">

Solution 5:

yes you can . you need to refer both JS file to the .aspx page

<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="JScript1.js">
 </script>

    <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="JScript2.js">
    </script>

JScript1.js

function ani1() {
    alert("1");
    ani2();
}
JScript2.js
function ani2() {
    alert("2");
}

Solution 6:

You can call the function created in another js file from the file you are working in. So for this firstly you need to add the external js file into the html document as-

<html>
<head>
    <script type="text/javascript" src='path/to/external/js'></script>
</head>
<body>
........

The function defined in the external javascript file –

$.fn.yourFunctionName = function(){
    alert('function called succesfully for - ' + $(this).html() );
}

To call this function in your current file, just call the function as –

......
<script type="text/javascript">
    $(function(){
        $('#element').yourFunctionName();
    });
</script>

If you want to pass the parameters to the function, then define the function as-

$.fn.functionWithParameters = function(parameter1, parameter2){
        alert('Parameters passed are - ' + parameter1 + ' , ' + parameter2);
}

And call this function in your current file as –

$('#element').functionWithParameters('some parameter', 'another parameter');