Check if a JavaScript string is a URL

Check if a JavaScript string is a URL

Is there a way in JavaScript to check if a string is a URL?
RegExes are excluded because the URL is most likely written like stackoverflow; that is to say that it might not have a .com, www or http.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

A related question with an answer:

Javascript regex URL matching

Or this Regexp from Devshed:

function validURL(str) {
  var pattern = new RegExp('^(https?:\\/\\/)?'+ // protocol
    '((([a-z\\d]([a-z\\d-]*[a-z\\d])*)\\.)+[a-z]{2,}|'+ // domain name
    '((\\d{1,3}\\.){3}\\d{1,3}))'+ // OR ip (v4) address
    '(\\:\\d+)?(\\/[-a-z\\d%_.~+]*)*'+ // port and path
    '(\\?[;&a-z\\d%_.~+=-]*)?'+ // query string
    '(\\#[-a-z\\d_]*)?$','i'); // fragment locator
  return !!pattern.test(str);
}

Solution 2:

function isURL(str) {
  var pattern = new RegExp('^(https?:\\/\\/)?'+ // protocol
  '((([a-z\\d]([a-z\\d-]*[a-z\\d])*)\\.?)+[a-z]{2,}|'+ // domain name
  '((\\d{1,3}\\.){3}\\d{1,3}))'+ // OR ip (v4) address
  '(\\:\\d+)?(\\/[-a-z\\d%_.~+]*)*'+ // port and path
  '(\\?[;&a-z\\d%_.~+=-]*)?'+ // query string
  '(\\#[-a-z\\d_]*)?$','i'); // fragment locator
  return pattern.test(str);
}

Solution 3:

Rather than using a regular expression, I would recommend making use of an anchor element.

when you set the href property of an anchor, various other properties are set.

var parser = document.createElement('a');
parser.href = "http://example.com:3000/pathname/?search=test#hash";

parser.protocol; // => "http:"
parser.hostname; // => "example.com"
parser.port;     // => "3000"
parser.pathname; // => "/pathname/"
parser.search;   // => "?search=test"
parser.hash;     // => "#hash"
parser.host;     // => "example.com:3000"

source

However, if the value href is bound to is not a valid url, then the value of those auxiliary properties will be the empty string.

Related:  initial data loading in angularjs

Edit: as pointed out in the comments: if an invalid url is used, the properties of the current URL may be substituted.

So, as long as you’re not passing in the URL of the current page, you can do something like:

function isValidURL(str) {
   var a  = document.createElement('a');
   a.href = str;
   return (a.host && a.host != window.location.host);
}

Solution 4:

You can try to use URL constructor: if it doesn’t throw, the string is a valid URL:

const isValidUrl = (string) => {
  try {
    new URL(string);
    return true;
  } catch (_) {
    return false;  
  }
}

Solution 5:

To Validate Url using javascript is shown below

function ValidURL(str) {
  var regex = /(http|https):\/\/(\w+:{0,1}\w*)?(\S+)(:[0-9]+)?(\/|\/([\w#!:.?+=&%!\-\/]))?/;
  if(!regex .test(str)) {
    alert("Please enter valid URL.");
    return false;
  } else {
    return true;
  }
}

Solution 6:

I am using below function to validate URL with or without http/https:

function isValidURL(string) {
  var res = string.match(/(http(s)?:\/\/.)?(www\.)?[-a-zA-Z0-9@:%._\+~#=]{2,256}\.[a-z]{2,6}\b([-a-zA-Z0-9@:%_\+.~#?&//=]*)/g);
  return (res !== null)
};

var testCase1 = "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procter_&_Gamble";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase1)); // return true

var testCase2 = "http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&docid=nIv5rk2GyP3hXM&tbnid=isiOkMe3nCtexM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fanimalcrossing.wikia.com%2Fwiki%2FLion&ei=ygZXU_2fGKbMsQTf4YLgAQ&bvm=bv.65177938,d.aWc&psig=AFQjCNEpBfKnal9kU7Zu4n7RnEt2nerN4g&ust=1398298682009707";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase2)); // return true

var testCase3 = "https://sdfasd";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase3)); // return false

var testCase4 = "dfdsfdsfdfdsfsdfs";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase4)); // return false

var testCase5 = "magnet:?xt=urn:btih:123";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase5)); // return false

var testCase6 = "https://stackoverflow.com/";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase6)); // return true

var testCase7 = "https://w";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase7)); // return false

var testCase8 = "https://sdfasdp.ppppppppppp";
console.log(isValidURL(testCase8)); // return false