Check if a number has a decimal place/is a whole number

Check if a number has a decimal place/is a whole number

I am looking for an easy way in JavaScript to check if a number has a decimal place in it (in order to determine if it is an integer). For instance,
23 -> OK
5 -> OK
3.5 -> not OK
34.345 -> not OK

if(number is integer) {…}

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Using modulus will work:

num % 1 != 0
// 23 % 1 = 0
// 23.5 % 1 = 0.5

Note that this is based on the numerical value of the number, regardless of format. It treats numerical strings containing whole numbers with a fixed decimal point the same as integers:

'10.0' % 1; // returns 0
10 % 1; // returns 0
'10.5' % 1; // returns 0.5
10.5 % 1; // returns 0.5

Solution 2:

Or you could just use to find out if it is NOT a decimal:

string.indexOf(".")==-1;

Solution 3:

Number.isInteger(23);  // true
Number.isInteger(1.5); // false
Number.isInteger("x"); // false: 

Number.isInteger() is part of the ES6 standard and not supported in IE11.

Related:  removeEventListener on anonymous functions in JavaScript

It returns false for NaN, Infinity and non-numeric arguments while x % 1 != 0 returns true.

Solution 4:

The most common solution is to strip the integer portion of the number and compare it to zero like so:

function Test()
{
     var startVal = 123.456
     alert( (startVal - Math.floor(startVal)) != 0 )
}

Solution 5:

//How about byte-ing it?

Number.prototype.isInt= function(){
 return this== this>> 0;
}

I always feel kind of bad for bit operators in javascript-

they hardly get any exercise.

Solution 6:

Simple, but effective!

Math.floor(number) == number;