Check if option is selected with jQuery, if not select a default

Check if option is selected with jQuery, if not select a default

Using jQuery, how do you check if there is an option selected in a select menu, and if not, assign one of the options as selected.
(The select is generated with a maze of PHP functions in an app I just inherited, so this is a quick fix while I get my head around those 🙂

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

While I’m not sure about exactly what you want to accomplish, this bit of code worked for me.

<select id="mySelect" multiple="multiple">
  <option value="1">First</option>
  <option value="2">Second</option>
  <option value="3">Third</option>
  <option value="4">Fourth</option>
</select>

<script type="text/javascript"> 
$(document).ready(function() {
  if (!$("#mySelect option:selected").length) {
    $("#mySelect option[value='3']").attr('selected', 'selected');
  }
});
</script>

Solution 2:

No need to use jQuery for this:

var foo = document.getElementById('yourSelect');
if (foo)
{
   if (foo.selectedIndex != null)
   {
       foo.selectedIndex = 0;
   } 
}

Solution 3:

This question is old and has a lot of views, so I’ll just throw some stuff out there that will help some people I’m sure.

To check if a select element has any selected items:

if ($('#mySelect option:selected').length > 0) { alert('has a selected item'); }

or to check if a select has nothing selected:

if ($('#mySelect option:selected').length == 0) { alert('nothing selected'); }

or if you’re in a loop of some sort and want to check if the current element is selected:

$('#mySelect option').each(function() {
    if ($(this).is(':selected')) { .. }
});

to check if an element is not selected while in a loop:

$('#mySelect option').each(function() {
    if ($(this).not(':selected')) { .. }
});

These are some of the ways to do this. jQuery has many different ways of accomplishing the same thing, so you usually just choose which one appears to be the most efficient.

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Solution 4:

lencioni’s answer is what I’d recommend. You can change the selector for the option ('#mySelect option:last') to select the option with a specific value using “#mySelect option[value='yourDefaultValue']“. More on selectors.

If you’re working extensively with select lists on the client check out this plugin:
http://www.texotela.co.uk/code/jquery/select/. Take a look the source if you want to see some more examples of working with select lists.

Solution 5:

Here is my function changing the selected option. It works for jQuery 1.3.2

function selectOption(select_id, option_val) {
    $('#'+select_id+' option:selected').removeAttr('selected');
    $('#'+select_id+' option[value='+option_val+']').attr('selected','selected');   
}

Solution 6:

<script type="text/javascript"> 
$(document).ready(function() {
  if (!$("#mySelect option:selected").length)
   $("#mySelect").val( 3 );

});
</script>