Check time difference in Javascript

Check time difference in Javascript

How would you check time difference from two text-boxes in Javascript?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Improvise. Subtract JavaScript Date objects to get their difference:

// use a constant date (e.g. 2000-01-01) and the desired time to initialize two dates

var date1 = new Date(2000, 0, 1,  9, 0); // 9:00 AM
var date2 = new Date(2000, 0, 1, 17, 0); // 5:00 PM

// the following is to handle cases where the times are on the opposite side of
// midnight e.g. when you want to get the difference between 9:00 PM and 5:00 AM

if (date2 < date1) {
    date2.setDate(date2.getDate() + 1);
}

var diff = date2 - date1;

// 28800000 milliseconds (8 hours)

You can then convert milliseconds to hour, minute and seconds like this:

var msec = diff;
var hh = Math.floor(msec / 1000 / 60 / 60);
msec -= hh * 1000 * 60 * 60;
var mm = Math.floor(msec / 1000 / 60);
msec -= mm * 1000 * 60;
var ss = Math.floor(msec / 1000);
msec -= ss * 1000;
// diff = 28800000 => hh = 8, mm = 0, ss = 0, msec = 0

You can convert time as string to 24-hour format like this:

function parseTime(s) {
    var part = s.match(/(\d+):(\d+)(?: )?(am|pm)?/i);
    var hh = parseInt(part[1], 10);
    var mm = parseInt(part[2], 10);
    var ap = part[3] ? part[3].toUpperCase() : null;
    if (ap === "AM") {
        if (hh == 12) {
            hh = 0;
        }
    }
    if (ap === "PM") {
        if (hh != 12) {
            hh += 12;
        }
    }
    return { hh: hh, mm: mm };
}
parseTime("12:00 AM"); // {hh:  0, mm: 0}
parseTime("12:00 PM"); // {hh: 12, mm: 0}
parseTime("01:00 PM"); // {hh: 13, mm: 0}
parseTime("23:00");    // {hh: 23, mm: 0}

Solution 2:

This function returns a string with the difference from a datetime string and the current datetime.

function get_time_diff( datetime )
{
    var datetime = typeof datetime !== 'undefined' ? datetime : "2014-01-01 01:02:03.123456";

    var datetime = new Date( datetime ).getTime();
    var now = new Date().getTime();

    if( isNaN(datetime) )
    {
        return "";
    }

    console.log( datetime + " " + now);

    if (datetime < now) {
        var milisec_diff = now - datetime;
    }else{
        var milisec_diff = datetime - now;
    }

    var days = Math.floor(milisec_diff / 1000 / 60 / (60 * 24));

    var date_diff = new Date( milisec_diff );

    return days + " Days "+ date_diff.getHours() + " Hours " + date_diff.getMinutes() + " Minutes " + date_diff.getSeconds() + " Seconds";
}

Tested in the Google Chrome console (press F12)

get_time_diff()
1388534523123 1375877555722
"146 Days 12 Hours 49 Minutes 27 Seconds"

Solution 3:

Here’s the solution that worked for me:

var date1 = new Date("08/05/2015 23:41:20");
var date2 = new Date("08/06/2015 02:56:32");

var diff = date2.getTime() - date1.getTime();

var msec = diff;
var hh = Math.floor(msec / 1000 / 60 / 60);
msec -= hh * 1000 * 60 * 60;
var mm = Math.floor(msec / 1000 / 60);
msec -= mm * 1000 * 60;
var ss = Math.floor(msec / 1000);
msec -= ss * 1000;

alert(hh + ":" + mm + ":" + ss);

Solution 4:

Here is my rendition….

function get_time_difference(earlierDate, laterDate) 
{
    var oDiff = new Object();

    //  Calculate Differences
    //  -------------------------------------------------------------------  //
    var nTotalDiff = laterDate.getTime() - earlierDate.getTime();

    oDiff.days = Math.floor(nTotalDiff / 1000 / 60 / 60 / 24);
    nTotalDiff -= oDiff.days * 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24;

    oDiff.hours = Math.floor(nTotalDiff / 1000 / 60 / 60);
    nTotalDiff -= oDiff.hours * 1000 * 60 * 60;

    oDiff.minutes = Math.floor(nTotalDiff / 1000 / 60);
    nTotalDiff -= oDiff.minutes * 1000 * 60;

    oDiff.seconds = Math.floor(nTotalDiff / 1000);
    //  -------------------------------------------------------------------  //

    //  Format Duration
    //  -------------------------------------------------------------------  //
    //  Format Hours
    var hourtext = '00';
    if (oDiff.days > 0){ hourtext = String(oDiff.days);}
    if (hourtext.length == 1){hourtext = '0' + hourtext};

    //  Format Minutes
    var mintext = '00';
    if (oDiff.minutes > 0){ mintext = String(oDiff.minutes);}
    if (mintext.length == 1) { mintext = '0' + mintext };

    //  Format Seconds
    var sectext = '00';
    if (oDiff.seconds > 0) { sectext = String(oDiff.seconds); }
    if (sectext.length == 1) { sectext = '0' + sectext };

    //  Set Duration
    var sDuration = hourtext + ':' + mintext + ':' + sectext;
    oDiff.duration = sDuration;
    //  -------------------------------------------------------------------  //

    return oDiff;
}

Solution 5:

A good solution is avaliable at

http://blogs.digitss.com/javascript/calculate-datetime-difference-simple-javascript-code-snippet/

gives the output in your desired differnece format of

days : hours : minutes : seconds .

A slightly modified version of that code is shown below

 var vdaysdiff; // difference of the dates
   var vhourDiff;
   var vmindiff;
   var vsecdiff;

   vdaysdiff = Math.floor(diff/1000/60/60/24);  // in days
   diff -= vdaysdiff*1000*60*60*24;

   vhourDiff = Math.floor(diff/1000/60/60);  // in hours
   diff -= vhourDiff*1000*60*60;

   vmindiff = Math.floor(diff/1000/60); // in minutes
   diff -= vmindiff*1000*60;

   vsecdiff= Math.floor(diff/1000);  // in seconds

   //Text formatting
   var hourtext = '00';
   if (hourDiff > 0){ hourtext = String(hourDiff);}
   if (hourtext.length == 1){hourtext = '0' + hourtext};                                                              

   var mintext = '00';                           
   if (mindiff > 0){ mintext = String(mindiff);}
   if (mintext.length == 1){mintext = '0' + mintext};

  //shows output as HH:MM ( i needed shorter duration)
   duration.value= hourtext + ':' + mintext;

Solution 6:

When i tried the difference between same time stamp it gave 0 Days 5 Hours 30 Minutes

so to get it exactly i have subtracted 5 hours and 30 min

function get_time_diff( datetime )
{
var datetime = typeof datetime !== 'undefined' ? datetime : "2014-01-01 01:02:03.123456";

var datetime = new Date(datetime).getTime();
var now = new Date().getTime();

if( isNaN(datetime) )
{
    return "";
}

console.log( datetime + " " + now);

if (datetime < now) {
    var milisec_diff = now - datetime;
}else{
    var milisec_diff = datetime - now;
}

var days = Math.floor(milisec_diff / 1000 / 60 / (60 * 24));

var date_diff = new Date( milisec_diff );

return days + "d "+ (date_diff.getHours() - 5) + "h " + (date_diff.getMinutes() - 30) + "m";
}