Chrome desktop notification example [closed]

Chrome desktop notification example [closed]

How does one use Chrome desktop notifications? I’d like that use that in my own code.
Update: Here’s a blog post explaining webkit notifications with an example.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

In modern browsers, there are two types of notifications:

  • Desktop notifications – simple to trigger, work as long as the page is open, and may disappear automatically after a few seconds
  • Service Worker notifications – a bit more complicated, but they can work in the background (even after the page is closed), are persistent, and support action buttons

The API call takes the same parameters (except for actions – not available on desktop notifications), which are well-documented on MDN and for service workers, on Google’s Web Fundamentals site.


Below is a working example of desktop notifications for Chrome, Firefox, Opera and Safari. Note that for security reasons, starting with Chrome 62, permission for the Notification API may no longer be requested from a cross-origin iframe, so we can’t demo this using StackOverflow’s code snippets. You’ll need to save this example in an HTML file on your site/application, and make sure to use localhost:// or HTTPS.

// request permission on page load
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function () {
  if (!Notification) {
    alert('Desktop notifications not available in your browser. Try Chromium.'); 
    return;
  }

  if (Notification.permission !== 'granted')
    Notification.requestPermission();
});

function notifyMe() {
  if (Notification.permission !== 'granted')
    Notification.requestPermission();
  else {
    var notification = new Notification('Notification title', {
      icon: 'http://cdn.sstatic.net/stackexchange/img/logos/so/so-icon.png',
      body: 'Hey there! You've been notified!',
    });

    notification.onclick = function () {
      window.open('http://stackoverflow.com/a/13328397/1269037');
    };

  }

}
<button onclick="notifyMe()">Notify me!</button>

We’re using the W3C Notifications API. Do not confuse this with the Chrome extensions notifications API, which is different. Chrome extension notifications obviously only work in Chrome extensions, and don’t require any special permission from the user.

W3C notifications work in many browsers (see support on caniuse), and require user permission. As a best practice, don’t ask for this permission right off the bat. Explain to the user first why they would want notifications and see other push notifications patterns.

Note that Chrome doesn’t honor the notification icon on Linux, due to this bug.

Final words

Notification support has been in continuous flux, with various APIs being deprecated over the last years. If you’re curious, check the previous edits of this answer to see what used to work in Chrome, and to learn the story of rich HTML notifications.

Now the latest standard is at https://notifications.spec.whatwg.org/.

As to why there are two different calls to the same effect, depending on whether you’re in a service worker or not – see this ticket I filed while I worked at Google.

See also notify.js for a helper library.

Solution 2:

Check the design and API specification (it’s still a draft) or check the source from (page no longer available) for a simple example: It’s mainly a call to window.webkitNotifications.createNotification.

If you want a more robust example (you’re trying to create your own Google Chrome’s extension, and would like to know how to deal with permissions, local storage and such), check out Gmail Notifier Extension: download the crx file instead of installing it, unzip it and read its source code.

Solution 3:

It appears that window.webkitNotifications has already been deprecated and removed. However, there’s a new API, and it appears to work in the latest version of Firefox as well.

function notifyMe() {
  // Let's check if the browser supports notifications
  if (!("Notification" in window)) {
    alert("This browser does not support desktop notification");
  }

  // Let's check if the user is okay to get some notification
  else if (Notification.permission === "granted") {
    // If it's okay let's create a notification
    var notification = new Notification("Hi there!");
  }

  // Otherwise, we need to ask the user for permission
  // Note, Chrome does not implement the permission static property
  // So we have to check for NOT 'denied' instead of 'default'
  else if (Notification.permission !== 'denied') {
    Notification.requestPermission(function (permission) {

      // Whatever the user answers, we make sure we store the information
      if(!('permission' in Notification)) {
        Notification.permission = permission;
      }

      // If the user is okay, let's create a notification
      if (permission === "granted") {
        var notification = new Notification("Hi there!");
      }
    });
  } else {
    alert(`Permission is ${Notification.permission}`);
  }
}

codepen

Solution 4:

I like: http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/notifications/quick/#toc-examples but it uses old variables, so the demo doesn’t work anymore. webkitNotifications is now Notification.

Solution 5:

I made this simple Notification wrapper. It works on Chrome, Safari and Firefox.

Probably on Opera, IE and Edge as well but I haven’t tested it yet.

Just get the notify.js file from here https://github.com/gravmatt/js-notify and put it into your page.

Get it on Bower

$ bower install js-notify

This is how it works:

notify('title', {
    body: 'Notification Text',
    icon: 'path/to/image.png',
    onclick: function(e) {}, // e -> Notification object
    onclose: function(e) {},
    ondenied: function(e) {}
  });

You have to set the title but the json object as the second argument is optional.

Solution 6:

Here is nice documentation on APIs,

https://developer.chrome.com/apps/notifications

And, official video explanation by Google,

https://developers.google.com/live/shows/83992232-1001