Convert camelCaseText to Sentence Case Text

Convert camelCaseText to Sentence Case Text

How can I convert a string either like ‘helloThere’ or ‘HelloThere’ to ‘Hello There’ in JavaScript?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

var text = 'helloThereMister';
var result = text.replace( /([A-Z])/g, " $1" );
var finalResult = result.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + result.slice(1); // capitalize the first letter - as an example.

Note the space in " $1".

EDIT: added an example of capitalization of the first letter. Of course, in case the first letter is already capital – you would have a spare space to remove.

Solution 2:

Alternatively using lodash:

lodash.startCase(str);

Example:

_.startCase('helloThere');
// ➜ 'Hello There'

Lodash is a fine library to give shortcut to many everyday js tasks.There are many other similar string manipulation functions such as camelCase, kebabCase etc.

Solution 3:

I had a similar problem and dealt with it like this:

stringValue.replace(/([A-Z]+)*([A-Z][a-z])/g, "$1 $2")

For a more robust solution:

stringValue.replace(/([A-Z]+)/g, " $1").replace(/([A-Z][a-z])/g, " $1")

http://jsfiddle.net/PeYYQ/

Input:

 helloThere 
 HelloThere 
 ILoveTheUSA
 iLoveTheUSA

Output:

 hello There 
 Hello There 
 I Love The USA
 i Love The USA

Solution 4:

Example without side effects.

function camel2title(camelCase) {
  // no side-effects
  return camelCase
    // inject space before the upper case letters
    .replace(/([A-Z])/g, function(match) {
       return " " + match;
    })
    // replace first char with upper case
    .replace(/^./, function(match) {
      return match.toUpperCase();
    });
}

In ES6

const camel2title = (camelCase) => camelCase
  .replace(/([A-Z])/g, (match) => ` ${match}`)
  .replace(/^./, (match) => match.toUpperCase());

Solution 5:

The best string I’ve found for testing camel-case-to-title-case functions is this ridiculously nonsensical example, which tests a lot of edge cases. To the best of my knowledge, none of the previously posted functions handle this correctly:

ToGetYourGEDInTimeASongAboutThe26ABCsIsOfTheEssenceButAPersonalIDCardForUser456InRoom26AContainingABC26TimesIsNotAsEasyAs123ForC3POOrR2D2Or2R2D

This should be converted to:

To Get Your GED In Time A Song About The 26 ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User 456 In Room 26A Containing ABC 26 Times Is Not As Easy As 123 For C3PO Or R2D2 Or 2R2D

If you want just a simple function that handles cases like the one above (and more cases than many of the previously answers), here’s the one I wrote. This code isn’t particularly elegant or fast, but it’s simple, understandable, and works.

An online runnable example of it is here: http://jsfiddle.net/q5gbye2w/56/

// Take a single camel case string and convert it to a string of separate words (with spaces) at the camel-case boundaries.
// 
// E.g.:
//    ToGetYourGEDInTimeASongAboutThe26ABCsIsOfTheEssenceButAPersonalIDCardForUser456InRoom26AContainingABC26TimesIsNotAsEasyAs123ForC3POOrR2D2Or2R2D
//                                                  --> To Get Your GED In Time A Song About The 26 ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User 456 In Room 26A Containing ABC 26 Times Is Not As Easy As 123 For C3PO Or R2D2 Or 2R2D
//    helloThere                              --> Hello There
//    HelloThere                              --> Hello There 
//    ILoveTheUSA                             --> I Love The USA
//    iLoveTheUSA                             --> I Love The USA
//    DBHostCountry                           --> DB Host Country
//    SetSlot123ToInput456                    --> Set Slot 123 To Input 456
//    ILoveTheUSANetworkInTheUSA              --> I Love The USA Network In The USA
//    Limit_IOC_Duration                      --> Limit IOC Duration
//    This_is_a_Test_of_Network123_in_12_days --> This Is A Test Of Network 123 In 12 Days
//    ASongAboutTheABCsIsFunToSing                  --> A Song About The ABCs Is Fun To Sing
//    CFDs                                    --> CFDs
//    DBSettings                              --> DB Settings
//    IWouldLove1Apple                        --> 1 Would Love 1 Apple
//    Employee22IsCool                        --> Employee 22 Is Cool
//    SubIDIn                                 --> Sub ID In
//    ConfigureCFDsImmediately                --> Configure CFDs Immediately
//    UseTakerLoginForOnBehalfOfSubIDInOrders --> Use Taker Login For On Behalf Of Sub ID In Orders
//
function camelCaseToTitleCase(in_camelCaseString) {
        var result = in_camelCaseString                         // "ToGetYourGEDInTimeASongAboutThe26ABCsIsOfTheEssenceButAPersonalIDCardForUser456InRoom26AContainingABC26TimesIsNotAsEasyAs123ForC3POOrR2D2Or2R2D"
            .replace(/([a-z])([A-Z][a-z])/g, "$1 $2")           // "To Get YourGEDIn TimeASong About The26ABCs IsOf The Essence ButAPersonalIDCard For User456In Room26AContainingABC26Times IsNot AsEasy As123ForC3POOrR2D2Or2R2D"
            .replace(/([A-Z][a-z])([A-Z])/g, "$1 $2")           // "To Get YourGEDIn TimeASong About The26ABCs Is Of The Essence ButAPersonalIDCard For User456In Room26AContainingABC26Times Is Not As Easy As123ForC3POOr R2D2Or2R2D"
            .replace(/([a-z])([A-Z]+[a-z])/g, "$1 $2")          // "To Get Your GEDIn Time ASong About The26ABCs Is Of The Essence But APersonal IDCard For User456In Room26AContainingABC26Times Is Not As Easy As123ForC3POOr R2D2Or2R2D"
            .replace(/([A-Z]+)([A-Z][a-z][a-z])/g, "$1 $2")     // "To Get Your GEDIn Time A Song About The26ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User456In Room26A ContainingABC26Times Is Not As Easy As123ForC3POOr R2D2Or2R2D"
            .replace(/([a-z]+)([A-Z0-9]+)/g, "$1 $2")           // "To Get Your GEDIn Time A Song About The 26ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User 456In Room 26A Containing ABC26Times Is Not As Easy As 123For C3POOr R2D2Or 2R2D"
            
            // Note: the next regex includes a special case to exclude plurals of acronyms, e.g. "ABCs"
            .replace(/([A-Z]+)([A-Z][a-rt-z][a-z]*)/g, "$1 $2") // "To Get Your GED In Time A Song About The 26ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User 456In Room 26A Containing ABC26Times Is Not As Easy As 123For C3PO Or R2D2Or 2R2D"
            .replace(/([0-9])([A-Z][a-z]+)/g, "$1 $2")          // "To Get Your GED In Time A Song About The 26ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User 456In Room 26A Containing ABC 26Times Is Not As Easy As 123For C3PO Or R2D2Or 2R2D"  

						// Note: the next two regexes use {2,} instead of + to add space on phrases like Room26A and 26ABCs but not on phrases like R2D2 and C3PO"
            .replace(/([A-Z]{2,})([0-9]{2,})/g, "$1 $2")        // "To Get Your GED In Time A Song About The 26ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User 456 In Room 26A Containing ABC 26 Times Is Not As Easy As 123 For C3PO Or R2D2 Or 2R2D"
            .replace(/([0-9]{2,})([A-Z]{2,})/g, "$1 $2")        // "To Get Your GED In Time A Song About The 26 ABCs Is Of The Essence But A Personal ID Card For User 456 In Room 26A Containing ABC 26 Times Is Not As Easy As 123 For C3PO Or R2D2 Or 2R2D"
            .trim();


  // capitalize the first letter
  return result.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + result.slice(1);
}

Alternately, as user Barno suggested, using SugarJS is an easy solution if you don’t mind pulling in that library. I am not sure if it handles the test string I describe above, however; I haven’t tried it on that input.

Solution 6:

Here’s my version of it. It adds a space before every UpperCase english letter that comes after a lowercase english letter and also capitalizes the first letter if needed:

For example:

thisIsCamelCase –> This Is Camel Case

this IsCamelCase –> This Is Camel Case

thisIsCamelCase123 –> This Is Camel Case123

  function camelCaseToTitleCase(camelCase){
    if (camelCase == null || camelCase == "") {
      return camelCase;
    }

    camelCase = camelCase.trim();
    var newText = "";
    for (var i = 0; i < camelCase.length; i++) {
      if (/[A-Z]/.test(camelCase[i])
          && i != 0
          && /[a-z]/.test(camelCase[i-1])) {
        newText += " ";
      }
      if (i == 0 && /[a-z]/.test(camelCase[i]))
      {
        newText += camelCase[i].toUpperCase();
      } else {
        newText += camelCase[i];
      }
    }

    return newText;
  }