Converting a string to a date in JavaScript

Converting a string to a date in JavaScript

How can I convert a string to a date in JavaScript?
var st = “date in some format”
var dt = new date();

var dt_st= //st in date format same as dt

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

The best string format for string parsing is the date ISO format together with the JavaScript Date object constructor.

Examples of ISO format: YYYY-MM-DD or YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.

But wait! Just using the “ISO format” doesn’t work reliably by itself. String are sometimes parsed as UTC and sometimes as localtime (based on browser vendor and version). The best practice should always be to store dates as UTC and make computations as UTC.

To parse a date as UTC, append a Z – e.g.: new Date('2011-04-11T10:20:30Z').

To display a date in UTC, use .toUTCString(),
to display a date in user’s local time, use .toString().

More info on MDN | Date and this answer.

For old Internet Explorer compatibility (IE versions less than 9 do not support ISO format in Date constructor), you should split datetime string representation to it’s parts and then you can use constructor using datetime parts, e.g.: new Date('2011', '04' - 1, '11', '11', '51', '00'). Note that the number of the month must be 1 less.


Alternate method – use an appropriate library:

You can also take advantage of the library Moment.js that allows parsing date with the specified time zone.

Solution 2:

Unfortunately I found out that

var mydate = new Date('2014-04-03');
console.log(mydate.toDateString());

returns “Wed Apr 02 2014”. I know it sounds crazy, but it happens for some users.

The bulletproof solution is the following:

var parts ='2014-04-03'.split('-');
// Please pay attention to the month (parts[1]); JavaScript counts months from 0:
// January - 0, February - 1, etc.
var mydate = new Date(parts[0], parts[1] - 1, parts[2]); 
console.log(mydate.toDateString());

Solution 3:

var st = "26.04.2013";
var pattern = /(\d{2})\.(\d{2})\.(\d{4})/;
var dt = new Date(st.replace(pattern,'$3-$2-$1'));

And the output will be:

dt => Date {Fri Apr 26 2013}

Solution 4:

function stringToDate(_date,_format,_delimiter)
{
            var formatLowerCase=_format.toLowerCase();
            var formatItems=formatLowerCase.split(_delimiter);
            var dateItems=_date.split(_delimiter);
            var monthIndex=formatItems.indexOf("mm");
            var dayIndex=formatItems.indexOf("dd");
            var yearIndex=formatItems.indexOf("yyyy");
            var month=parseInt(dateItems[monthIndex]);
            month-=1;
            var formatedDate = new Date(dateItems[yearIndex],month,dateItems[dayIndex]);
            return formatedDate;
}

stringToDate("17/9/2014","dd/MM/yyyy","/");
stringToDate("9/17/2014","mm/dd/yyyy","/")
stringToDate("9-17-2014","mm-dd-yyyy","-")

Solution 5:

Pass it as an argument to Date():

var st = "date in some format"
var dt = new Date(st);

You can access the date, month, year using, for example: dt.getMonth().

Solution 6:

moment.js (http://momentjs.com/) is a complete and good package for use dates and supports ISO 8601 strings.

You could add string date and format.

moment("12-25-1995", "MM-DD-YYYY");

And you could check if a date is valid.

moment("not a real date").isValid(); //Returns false

See documentation
http://momentjs.com/docs/#/parsing/string-format/

Recommendation: I recommend to use a package for dates that contains a lot of formats because the timezone and format time management is really a big problem, moment js solve a lot of formats. You could parse easily date from a simple string to date but I think that is a hard work to support all formats and variations of dates.