Detect a finger swipe through JavaScript on the iPhone and Android

Detect a finger swipe through JavaScript on the iPhone and Android

How can you detect that a user swiped his finger in some direction over a web page with JavaScript?
I was wondering if there was one solution that would work for websites on both the iPhone and an Android phone.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Simple vanilla JS code sample:

document.addEventListener('touchstart', handleTouchStart, false);        
document.addEventListener('touchmove', handleTouchMove, false);

var xDown = null;                                                        
var yDown = null;

function getTouches(evt) {
  return evt.touches ||             // browser API
         evt.originalEvent.touches; // jQuery
}                                                     

function handleTouchStart(evt) {
    const firstTouch = getTouches(evt)[0];                                      
    xDown = firstTouch.clientX;                                      
    yDown = firstTouch.clientY;                                      
};                                                

function handleTouchMove(evt) {
    if ( ! xDown || ! yDown ) {
        return;
    }

    var xUp = evt.touches[0].clientX;                                    
    var yUp = evt.touches[0].clientY;

    var xDiff = xDown - xUp;
    var yDiff = yDown - yUp;

    if ( Math.abs( xDiff ) > Math.abs( yDiff ) ) {/*most significant*/
        if ( xDiff > 0 ) {
            /* left swipe */ 
        } else {
            /* right swipe */
        }                       
    } else {
        if ( yDiff > 0 ) {
            /* up swipe */ 
        } else { 
            /* down swipe */
        }                                                                 
    }
    /* reset values */
    xDown = null;
    yDown = null;                                             
};

Tested in Android.

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Solution 2:

I found this jquery touchwipe plugin which works on both my first generation ipod touch and my droid incredible.
http://www.netcu.de/jquery-touchwipe-iphone-ipad-library

Solution 3:

Based on @givanse’s answer, this is how you could do it with classes:

class Swipe {
    constructor(element) {
        this.xDown = null;
        this.yDown = null;
        this.element = typeof(element) === 'string' ? document.querySelector(element) : element;

        this.element.addEventListener('touchstart', function(evt) {
            this.xDown = evt.touches[0].clientX;
            this.yDown = evt.touches[0].clientY;
        }.bind(this), false);

    }

    onLeft(callback) {
        this.onLeft = callback;

        return this;
    }

    onRight(callback) {
        this.onRight = callback;

        return this;
    }

    onUp(callback) {
        this.onUp = callback;

        return this;
    }

    onDown(callback) {
        this.onDown = callback;

        return this;
    }

    handleTouchMove(evt) {
        if ( ! this.xDown || ! this.yDown ) {
            return;
        }

        var xUp = evt.touches[0].clientX;
        var yUp = evt.touches[0].clientY;

        this.xDiff = this.xDown - xUp;
        this.yDiff = this.yDown - yUp;

        if ( Math.abs( this.xDiff ) > Math.abs( this.yDiff ) ) { // Most significant.
            if ( this.xDiff > 0 ) {
                this.onLeft();
            } else {
                this.onRight();
            }
        } else {
            if ( this.yDiff > 0 ) {
                this.onUp();
            } else {
                this.onDown();
            }
        }

        // Reset values.
        this.xDown = null;
        this.yDown = null;
    }

    run() {
        this.element.addEventListener('touchmove', function(evt) {
            this.handleTouchMove(evt).bind(this);
        }.bind(this), false);
    }
}

You can than use it like this:

// Use class to get element by string.
var swiper = new Swipe('#my-element');
swiper.onLeft(function() { alert('You swiped left.') });
swiper.run();

// Get the element yourself.
var swiper = new Swipe(document.getElementById('#my-element'));
swiper.onLeft(function() { alert('You swiped left.') });
swiper.run();

// One-liner.
(new Swipe('#my-element')).onLeft(function() { alert('You swiped left.') }).run();

Solution 4:

Have you tried hammer.js? http://eightmedia.github.com/hammer.js/
Also works on Windows Phones..

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Solution 5:

what i’ve used before is you have to detect the mousedown event, record its x,y location (whichever is relevant) then detect the mouseup event, and subtract the two values.

Solution 6:

jQuery Mobile also includes swipe support: http://api.jquerymobile.com/swipe/

Example

$("#divId").on("swipe", function(event) {
    alert("It's a swipe!");
});