Handlebars/Mustache – Is there a built in way to loop through the properties of an object?

Handlebars/Mustache – Is there a built in way to loop through the properties of an object?

As the title of question says, is there a mustache/handlebars way of looping through an object properties?
So with
var o = {
bob : ‘For sure’,
roger: ‘Unknown’,
donkey: ‘What an ass’
}

Can I then do something in the template engine that would be equivalent to
for(var prop in o)
{
// with say, prop a variable in the template and value the property value
}

?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Built-in support since Handlebars 1.0rc1

Support for this functionality has been added to Handlebars.js, so there is no more need for external helpers.

How to use it

For arrays:

{{#each myArray}}
    Index: {{@index}} Value = {{this}}
{{/each}}

For objects:

{{#each myObject}}
    Key: {{@key}} Value = {{this}}
{{/each}}

Note that only properties passing the hasOwnProperty test will be enumerated.

Solution 2:

It’s actually quite easy to implement as a helper:

Handlebars.registerHelper('eachProperty', function(context, options) {
    var ret = "";
    for(var prop in context)
    {
        ret = ret + options.fn({property:prop,value:context[prop]});
    }
    return ret;
});

Then using it like so:

{{#eachProperty object}}
    {{property}}: {{value}}<br/>
{{/eachProperty }}

Solution 3:

EDIT: Handlebars now has a built-in way of accomplishing this; see the selected answer above.
When working with plain Mustache, the below still applies.

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Mustache can iterate over items in an array. So I’d suggest creating a separate data object formatted in a way Mustache can work with:

var o = {
  bob : 'For sure',
  roger: 'Unknown',
  donkey: 'What an ass'
},
mustacheFormattedData = { 'people' : [] };

for (var prop in o){
  if (o.hasOwnProperty(prop)){
    mustacheFormattedData['people'].push({
      'key' : prop,
      'value' : o[prop]
     });
  }
}

Now, your Mustache template would be something like:

{{#people}}
  {{key}} : {{value}}
{{/people}}

Check out the “Non-Empty Lists” section here: https://github.com/janl/mustache.js

Solution 4:

This is @Ben’s answer updated for use with Ember…note you have to use Ember.get because context is passed in as a String.

Ember.Handlebars.registerHelper('eachProperty', function(context, options) {
  var ret = "";
  var newContext = Ember.get(this, context);
  for(var prop in newContext)
  {
    if (newContext.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
      ret = ret + options.fn({property:prop,value:newContext[prop]});
    }
  }
  return ret;
});

Template:

{{#eachProperty object}}
  {{key}}: {{value}}<br/>
{{/eachProperty }}

Solution 5:

@Amit’s answer is good because it will work in both Mustache and Handlebars.

As far as Handlebars-only solutions, I’ve seen a few and I like the each_with_key block helper at https://gist.github.com/1371586 the best.

  • It allows you to iterate over object literals without having to restructure them first, and
  • It gives you control over what you call the key variable. With many other solutions you have to be careful about using object keys named 'key', or 'property', etc.
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Solution 6:

Thanks for Ben’s solution, my use case to display only particular fields in order

with object

Code:

    handlebars.registerHelper('eachToDisplayProperty', function(context, toDisplays, options) {
    var ret = "";
    var toDisplayKeyList = toDisplays.split(",");
    for(var i = 0; i < toDisplayKeyList.length; i++) {
        toDisplayKey = toDisplayKeyList[i];
        if(context[toDisplayKey]) {
            ret = ret + options.fn({
                property : toDisplayKey,
                value : context[toDisplayKey]
            });
        }

    }
    return ret;
});

Source object:

   { locationDesc:"abc", name:"ghi", description:"def", four:"you wont see this"}

Template:

{{#eachToDisplayProperty this "locationDesc,description,name"}}
    <div>
        {{property}} --- {{value}}
    </div>
    {{/eachToDisplayProperty}}

Output:

locationDesc --- abc
description --- def
name --- ghi