How can I convert a string to boolean in JavaScript?

How can I convert a string to boolean in JavaScript?

Can I convert a string representing a boolean value (e.g., ‘true’, ‘false’) into a intrinsic type in JavaScript?
I have a hidden form in HTML that is updated based upon a user’s selection within a list. This form contains some fields which represent boolean values and are dynamically populated with an intrinsic boolean value. However, once this value is placed into the hidden input field it becomes a string.
The only way I could find to determine the field’s boolean value, once it was converted into a string, was to depend upon the literal value of its string representation.
var myValue = document.myForm.IS_TRUE.value;
var isTrueSet = myValue == ‘true’;

Is there a better way to accomplish this?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Do:

var isTrueSet = (myValue == 'true');

You could make it stricter by using the identity operator (===), which doesn’t make any implicit type conversions when the compared variables have different types, instead of the equality operator (==).

var isTrueSet = (myValue === 'true');

Don’t:

You should probably be cautious about using these two methods for your specific needs:

var myBool = Boolean("false");  // == true

var myBool = !!"false";  // == true

Any string which isn’t the empty string will evaluate to true by using them. Although they’re the cleanest methods I can think of concerning to boolean conversion, I think they’re not what you’re looking for.

Solution 2:

Warning

This highly upvoted legacy answer is technically correct but only covers a very specific scenario, when your string value is EXACTLY "true" or "false" (MUST be lowercase as well).

An invalid json string passed into these functions below WILL throw an exception.


Original answer:

How about?

JSON.parse("true");

or with jQuery

$.parseJSON("true");

Solution 3:

stringToBoolean: function(string){
    switch(string.toLowerCase().trim()){
        case "true": case "yes": case "1": return true;
        case "false": case "no": case "0": case null: return false;
        default: return Boolean(string);
    }
}

Solution 4:

I think this is much universal:

if (String(a) == "true")

It goes:

String(true) == "true"     //returns true
String(false) == "true"    //returns false
String("true") == "true"   //returns true
String("false") == "true"  //returns false

Solution 5:

Remember to match case:

var isTrueSet = (myValue.toLowerCase() === 'true');

Also, if it’s a form element checkbox, you can also detect if the checkbox is checked:

var isTrueSet = document.myForm.IS_TRUE.checked;

Assuming that if it is checked, it is “set” equal to true. This evaluates as true/false.

Solution 6:

You can use regular expressions:

/*
 * Converts a string to a bool.
 *
 * This conversion will:
 *
 *  - match 'true', 'on', or '1' as true.
 *  - ignore all white-space padding
 *  - ignore capitalization (case).
 *
 * '  tRue  ','ON', and '1   ' will all evaluate as true.
 *
 */
function strToBool(s)
{
    // will match one and only one of the string 'true','1', or 'on' rerardless
    // of capitalization and regardless off surrounding white-space.
    //
    regex=/^\s*(true|1|on)\s*$/i

    return regex.test(s);
}

If you like extending the String class you can do:

String.prototype.bool = function() {
    return strToBool(this);
};

alert("true".bool());

For those (see the comments) that would like to extend the String object to get this but are worried about enumerability and are worried about clashing with other code that extends the String object:

Object.defineProperty(String.prototype, "com_example_bool", {
    get : function() {
        return (/^(true|1)$/i).test(this);
    }
});
alert("true".com_example_bool);

(Won’t work in older browsers of course and Firefox shows false while Opera, Chrome, Safari and IE show true. Bug 720760)