How can I shuffle an array? [duplicate]

How can I shuffle an array? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
How to randomize a javascript array?

I want to shuffle an array of elements in JavaScript like these:
[0, 3, 3] -> [3, 0, 3]
[9, 3, 6, 0, 6] -> [0, 3, 6, 9, 6]
[3, 3, 6, 0, 6] -> [0, 3, 6, 3, 6]

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Use the modern version of the Fisher–Yates shuffle algorithm:

/**
 * Shuffles array in place.
 * @param {Array} a items An array containing the items.
 */
function shuffle(a) {
    var j, x, i;
    for (i = a.length - 1; i > 0; i--) {
        j = Math.floor(Math.random() * (i + 1));
        x = a[i];
        a[i] = a[j];
        a[j] = x;
    }
    return a;
}

ES2015 (ES6) version

/**
 * Shuffles array in place. ES6 version
 * @param {Array} a items An array containing the items.
 */
function shuffle(a) {
    for (let i = a.length - 1; i > 0; i--) {
        const j = Math.floor(Math.random() * (i + 1));
        [a[i], a[j]] = [a[j], a[i]];
    }
    return a;
}

Note however, that swapping variables with destructuring assignment causes significant performance loss, as of October 2017.

Use

var myArray = ['1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9'];
shuffle(myArray);

Solution 2:

You could use the Fisher-Yates Shuffle (code adapted from this site):

function shuffle(array) {
    let counter = array.length;

    // While there are elements in the array
    while (counter > 0) {
        // Pick a random index
        let index = Math.floor(Math.random() * counter);

        // Decrease counter by 1
        counter--;

        // And swap the last element with it
        let temp = array[counter];
        array[counter] = array[index];
        array[index] = temp;
    }

    return array;
}