# How can I specify the base for Math.log() in JavaScript?

## How can I specify the base for Math.log() in JavaScript?

I need a log function for JavaScript, but it needs to be base 10. I can’t see any listing for this, so I’m assuming it’s not possible. Are there any math wizards out there who know a solution for this?

### Solution 1:

“Change of Base” Formula / Identity

The numerical value for logarithm to the base 10 can be calculated
with the following identity.

Since `Math.log(x)` in JavaScript returns the natural logarithm of `x` (same as ln(x)), for base 10 you can divide by `Math.log(10)` (same as ln(10)):

``````function log10(val) {
return Math.log(val) / Math.LN10;
}
``````

`Math.LN10` is a built-in precomputed constant for `Math.log(10)`, so this function is essentially identical to:

``````function log10(val) {
return Math.log(val) / Math.log(10);
}
``````

### Solution 2:

Easy, just change the base by dividing by the log(10). There is even a constant to help you

``````Math.log(num) / Math.LN10;
``````

which is the same as:

``````Math.log(num) / Math.log(10);
``````

### Solution 3:

You can simply divide the logarithm of your value, and the logarithm of the desired base, also you could override the `Math.log` method to accept an optional base argument:

``````Math.log = (function() {
var log = Math.log;
return function(n, base) {
return log(n)/(base ? log(base) : 1);
};
})();

Math.log(5, 10);
``````

### Solution 4:

the answer here would cause obvious precision problem and is not reliable in some use cases

``````> Math.log(10)/Math.LN10
1

> Math.log(100)/Math.LN10
2

> Math.log(1000)/Math.LN10
2.9999999999999996

> Math.log(10000)/Math.LN10
4
``````

### Solution 5:

``````Math.log10 = function(n) {
return (Math.log(n)) / (Math.log(10));
}
``````

Then you can do

``````Math.log10(your_number);
``````

NOTE: Initially I thought to do `Math.prototype.log10 = ...` to do this, but user CMS pointed out that Math doesn’t work this way, so I edited out the `.prototype` part.

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### Solution 6:

``````const logBase = (n, base) => Math.log(n) / Math.log(base);
``````

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logarithm#Change_of_base