How do I check if file exists in jQuery or pure JavaScript?

How do I check if file exists in jQuery or pure JavaScript?

How do I check if a file on my server exists in jQuery or pure JavaScript?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

With jQuery:

$.ajax({
    url:'http://www.example.com/somefile.ext',
    type:'HEAD',
    error: function()
    {
        //file not exists
    },
    success: function()
    {
        //file exists
    }
});

EDIT:

Here is the code for checking 404 status, without using jQuery

function UrlExists(url)
{
    var http = new XMLHttpRequest();
    http.open('HEAD', url, false);
    http.send();
    return http.status!=404;
}

Small changes and it could check for status HTTP status code 200 (success), instead.

Solution 2:

A similar and more up-to-date approach.

$.get(url)
    .done(function() { 
        // exists code 
    }).fail(function() { 
        // not exists code
    })

Solution 3:

This works for me:

function ImageExist(url) 
{
   var img = new Image();
   img.src = url;
   return img.height != 0;
}

Solution 4:

i used this script to add alternative image

function imgError()
{
alert('The image could not be loaded.');
}

HTML:

<img src="image.gif" onerror="imgError()" />

http://wap.w3schools.com/jsref/event_onerror.asp

Solution 5:

So long as you’re testing files on the same domain this should work:

function fileExists(url) {
    if(url){
        var req = new XMLHttpRequest();
        req.open('GET', url, false);
        req.send();
        return req.status==200;
    } else {
        return false;
    }
}

Please note, this example is using a GET request, which besides getting the headers (all you need to check weather the file exists) gets the whole file.
If the file is big enough this method can take a while to complete.

Related:  Remove object from array of objects

The better way to do this would be changing this line: req.open('GET', url, false); to req.open('HEAD', url, false);

Solution 6:

I was getting a cross domain permissions issue when trying to run the answer to this question so I went with:

function UrlExists(url) {
$('<img src="'+ url +'">').load(function() {
    return true;
}).bind('error', function() {
    return false;
});
}

It seems to work great, hope this helps someone!