How do I pass command line arguments to a Node.js program?

How do I pass command line arguments to a Node.js program?

I have a web server written in Node.js and I would like to launch with a specific folder. I’m not sure how to access arguments in JavaScript. I’m running node like this:
$ node server.js folder

here server.js is my server code. Node.js help says this is possible:
$ node -h
Usage: node [options] script.js [arguments]

How would I access those arguments in JavaScript? Somehow I was not able to find this information on the web.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Standard Method (no library)

The arguments are stored in process.argv

Here are the node docs on handling command line args:

process.argv is an array containing the command line arguments. The first element will be ‘node’, the second element will be the name of the JavaScript file. The next elements will be any additional command line arguments.

// print process.argv
process.argv.forEach(function (val, index, array) {
  console.log(index + ': ' + val);
});

This will generate:

$ node process-2.js one two=three four
0: node
1: /Users/mjr/work/node/process-2.js
2: one
3: two=three
4: four

Solution 2:

To normalize the arguments like a regular javascript function would receive, I do this in my node.js shell scripts:

var args = process.argv.slice(2);

Note that the first arg is usually the path to nodejs, and the second arg is the location of the script you’re executing.

Solution 3:

The up-to-date right answer for this it to use the minimist library. We used to use node-optimist but it has since been deprecated.

Here is an example of how to use it taken straight from the minimist documentation:

var argv = require('minimist')(process.argv.slice(2));
console.dir(argv);

$ node example/parse.js -a beep -b boop
{ _: [], a: 'beep', b: 'boop' }

$ node example/parse.js -x 3 -y 4 -n5 -abc --beep=boop foo bar baz
{ _: [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ],
  x: 3,
  y: 4,
  n: 5,
  a: true,
  b: true,
  c: true,
  beep: 'boop' }

Solution 4:

2018 answer based on current trends in the wild:


Vanilla javascript argument parsing:

const args = process.argv;
console.log(args);

This returns:

$ node server.js one two=three four
['node', '/home/server.js', 'one', 'two=three', 'four']

Official docs


Most used NPM packages for argument parsing:

Minimist: For minimal argument parsing.

Commander.js: Most adopted module for argument parsing.

Meow: Lighter alternative to Commander.js

Yargs: More sophisticated argument parsing (heavy).

Vorpal.js: Mature / interactive command-line applications with argument parsing.

Solution 5:

Optimist (node-optimist)

Check out optimist library, it is much better than parsing command line options by hand.

Update

Optimist is deprecated. Try yargs which is an active fork of optimist.

Solution 6:

Several great answers here, but it all seems very complex. This is very similar to how bash scripts access argument values and it’s already provided standard with node.js as MooGoo pointed out.
(Just to make it understandable to somebody that’s new to node.js)

Example:

$ node yourscript.js banana monkey

var program_name = process.argv[0]; //value will be "node"
var script_path = process.argv[1]; //value will be "yourscript.js"
var first_value = process.argv[2]; //value will be "banana"
var second_value = process.argv[3]; //value will be "monkey"