How do I redirect to another webpage?

How do I redirect to another webpage?

How can I redirect the user from one page to another using jQuery or pure JavaScript?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

One does not simply redirect using jQuery

jQuery is not necessary, and window.location.replace(...) will best simulate an HTTP redirect.

window.location.replace(...) is better than using window.location.href, because replace() does not keep the originating page in the session history, meaning the user won’t get stuck in a never-ending back-button fiasco.

If you want to simulate someone clicking on a link, use
location.href

If you want to simulate an HTTP redirect, use location.replace

For example:

// similar behavior as an HTTP redirect
window.location.replace("http://stackoverflow.com");

// similar behavior as clicking on a link
window.location.href = "http://stackoverflow.com";

Solution 2:

WARNING: This answer has merely been provided as a possible solution; it is obviously not the best solution, as it requires jQuery. Instead, prefer the pure JavaScript solution.

$(location).attr('href', 'http://stackoverflow.com')

Solution 3:

Standard “vanilla” JavaScript way to redirect a page:

window.location.href = 'newPage.html';


If you are here because you are losing HTTP_REFERER when redirecting, keep reading:


The following section is for those using HTTP_REFERER as one of many secure measures (although it isn’t a great protective measure). If you’re using Internet Explorer 8 or lower, these variables get lost when using any form of JavaScript page redirection (location.href, etc.).

Below we are going to implement an alternative for IE8 & lower so that we don’t lose HTTP_REFERER. Otherwise you can almost always simply use window.location.href.

Testing against HTTP_REFERER (URL pasting, session, etc.) can be helpful in telling whether a request is legitimate.
(Note: there are also ways to work-around / spoof these referrers, as noted by droop’s link in the comments)


Simple cross-browser testing solution (fallback to window.location.href for Internet Explorer 9+ and all other browsers)

Usage: redirect('anotherpage.aspx');

function redirect (url) {
    var ua        = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase(),
        isIE      = ua.indexOf('msie') !== -1,
        version   = parseInt(ua.substr(4, 2), 10);

    // Internet Explorer 8 and lower
    if (isIE && version < 9) {
        var link = document.createElement('a');
        link.href = url;
        document.body.appendChild(link);
        link.click();
    }

    // All other browsers can use the standard window.location.href (they don't lose HTTP_REFERER like Internet Explorer 8 & lower does)
    else { 
        window.location.href = url; 
    }
}

Solution 4:

There are lots of ways of doing this.

// window.location
window.location.replace('http://www.example.com')
window.location.assign('http://www.example.com')
window.location.href = 'http://www.example.com'
document.location.href = '/path'

// window.history
window.history.back()
window.history.go(-1)

// window.navigate; ONLY for old versions of Internet Explorer
window.navigate('top.jsp')


// Probably no bueno
self.location = 'http://www.example.com';
top.location = 'http://www.example.com';

// jQuery
$(location).attr('href','http://www.example.com')
$(window).attr('location','http://www.example.com')
$(location).prop('href', 'http://www.example.com')

Solution 5:

This works for every browser:

window.location.href = 'your_url';

Solution 6:

It would help if you were a little more descriptive in what you are trying to do. If you are trying to generate paged data, there are some options in how you do this. You can generate separate links for each page that you want to be able to get directly to.

<a href='/path-to-page?page=1' class='pager-link'>1</a>
<a href='/path-to-page?page=2' class='pager-link'>2</a>
<span class='pager-link current-page'>3</a>
...

Note that the current page in the example is handled differently in the code and with CSS.

If you want the paged data to be changed via AJAX, this is where jQuery would come in. What you would do is add a click handler to each of the anchor tags corresponding to a different page. This click handler would invoke some jQuery code that goes and fetches the next page via AJAX and updates the table with the new data. The example below assumes that you have a web service that returns the new page data.

$(document).ready( function() {
    $('a.pager-link').click( function() {
        var page = $(this).attr('href').split(/\?/)[1];
        $.ajax({
            type: 'POST',
            url: '/path-to-service',
            data: page,
            success: function(content) {
               $('#myTable').html(content);  // replace
            }
        });
        return false; // to stop link
    });
});