How do I store an array in localStorage? [duplicate]

How do I store an array in localStorage? [duplicate]

This question already has an answer here:

Storing Objects in HTML5 localStorage

27 answers

If I didn’t need localStorage, my code would look like this:
var names=new Array();
names[0]=prompt(“New member name?”);

This works. However, I need to store this variable in localStorage and it’s proving quite stubborn. I’ve tried:
var localStorage[names] = new Array();
localStorage.names[0] = prompt(“New member name?”);

Where am I going wrong?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

localStorage only supports strings. Use JSON.stringify() and JSON.parse().

var names = [];
names[0] = prompt("New member name?");
localStorage.setItem("names", JSON.stringify(names));

//...
var storedNames = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem("names"));

Solution 2:

The localStorage and sessionStorage can only handle strings. You can extend the default storage-objects to handle arrays and objects. Just include this script and use the new methods:

Storage.prototype.setObj = function(key, obj) {
    return this.setItem(key, JSON.stringify(obj))
}
Storage.prototype.getObj = function(key) {
    return JSON.parse(this.getItem(key))
}

Use localStorage.setObj(key, value) to save an array or object and localStorage.getObj(key) to retrieve it. The same methods work with the sessionStorage object.

If you just use the new methods to access the storage, every value will be converted to a JSON-string before saving and parsed before it is returned by the getter.

Source: http://www.acetous.de/p/152

Solution 3:

Use JSON.stringify() and JSON.parse() as suggested by no! This prevents the maybe rare but possible problem of a member name which includes the delimiter (e.g. member name three|||bars).

Solution 4:

Just created this:

https://gist.github.com/3854049

//Setter
Storage.setObj('users.albums.sexPistols',"blah");
Storage.setObj('users.albums.sexPistols',{ sid : "My Way", nancy : "Bitch" });
Storage.setObj('users.albums.sexPistols.sid',"Other songs");

//Getters
Storage.getObj('users');
Storage.getObj('users.albums');
Storage.getObj('users.albums.sexPistols');
Storage.getObj('users.albums.sexPistols.sid');
Storage.getObj('users.albums.sexPistols.nancy');

Solution 5:

The JSON approach works, on ie 7 you need json2.js, with it it works perfectly and despite the one comment saying otherwise there is localStorage on it. it really seems like the best solution with the least hassle. Of course one could write scripts to do essentially the same thing as json2 does but there is little point in that.

at least with the following version string there is localStorage, but as said you need to include json2.js because that isn’t included by the browser itself:
4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/5.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; BRI/2; NP06; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; Zune 4.7)
(I would have made this a comment on the reply, but can’t).

Solution 6:

Another solution would be to write a wrapper that store the array like this:

localStorage.setItem('names_length', names.length);
localStorage.setItem('names_0', names[0]);
localStorage.setItem('names_1', names[1]);
localStorage.setItem('names_' + n, names[n]);

Removes the overhead of converting to JSON, but would be annoying if you need to remove elements, as you would have to re-index the array 🙂