How do you read CSS rule values with JavaScript?

How do you read CSS rule values with JavaScript?

I would like to return a string with all of the contents of a CSS rule, like the format you’d see in an inline style. I’d like to be able to do this without knowing what is contained in a particular rule, so I can’t just pull them out by style name (like .style.width etc.)
The CSS:
.test {
width:80px;
height:50px;
background-color:#808080;
}

The code so far:
function getStyle(className) {
var classes = document.styleSheets[0].rules || document.styleSheets[0].cssRules
for(var x=0;x

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Adapted from here, building on scunliffe’s answer:

function getStyle(className) {
    var classes = document.styleSheets[0].rules || document.styleSheets[0].cssRules;
    for (var x = 0; x < classes.length; x++) {
        if (classes[x].selectorText == className) {
            (classes[x].cssText) ? alert(classes[x].cssText) : alert(classes[x].style.cssText);
        }
    }
}
getStyle('.test');

Solution 2:

Since the accepted answer from “nsdel” is only avilable with one stylesheet in a document this is the adapted full working solution:

    /**
     * Gets styles by a classname
     * 
     * @notice The className must be 1:1 the same as in the CSS
     * @param string className_
     */
    function getStyle(className_) {

        var styleSheets = window.document.styleSheets;
        var styleSheetsLength = styleSheets.length;
        for(var i = 0; i < styleSheetsLength; i++){
            var classes = styleSheets[i].rules || styleSheets[i].cssRules;
            if (!classes)
                continue;
            var classesLength = classes.length;
            for (var x = 0; x < classesLength; x++) {
                if (classes[x].selectorText == className_) {
                    var ret;
                    if(classes[x].cssText){
                        ret = classes[x].cssText;
                    } else {
                        ret = classes[x].style.cssText;
                    }
                    if(ret.indexOf(classes[x].selectorText) == -1){
                        ret = classes[x].selectorText + "{" + ret + "}";
                    }
                    return ret;
                }
            }
        }

    }

Notice: The selector must be the same as in the CSS.

Solution 3:

SOLUTION 1 (CROSS-BROWSER)

function GetProperty(classOrId,property){ 
    var FirstChar = classOrId.charAt(0);  var Remaining= classOrId.substring(1);
    var elem = (FirstChar =='#') ?  document.getElementById(Remaining) : document.getElementsByClassName(Remaining)[0];
    return window.getComputedStyle(elem,null).getPropertyValue(property);
}

alert(  GetProperty(".my_site_title","position") ) ;

SOLUTION 2 (CROSS-BROWSER)

function GetStyle(CLASSname) {
    var styleSheets = document.styleSheets;
    var styleSheetsLength = styleSheets.length;
    for(var i = 0; i < styleSheetsLength; i++){
        if (styleSheets[i].rules ) { var classes = styleSheets[i].rules; }
        else { 
            try {  if(!styleSheets[i].cssRules) {continue;} } 
            //Note that SecurityError exception is specific to Firefox.
            catch(e) { if(e.name == 'SecurityError') { console.log("SecurityError. Cant readd: "+ styleSheets[i].href);  continue; }}
            var classes = styleSheets[i].cssRules ;
        }
        for (var x = 0; x < classes.length; x++) {
            if (classes[x].selectorText == CLASSname) {
                var ret = (classes[x].cssText) ? classes[x].cssText : classes[x].style.cssText ;
                if(ret.indexOf(classes[x].selectorText) == -1){ret = classes[x].selectorText + "{" + ret + "}";}
                return ret;
            }
        }
    }
}

alert(GetStyle('.my_site_title'));

Solution 4:

Some browser differences to be aware of:

Given the CSS:

div#a { ... }
div#b, div#c { ... }

and given InsDel’s example, classes will have 2 classes in FF and 3 classes in IE7.

My example illustrates this:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
   "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
    <style>
    div#a { }
    div#b, div#c { }
    </style>
    <script>
    function PrintRules() {
    var rules = document.styleSheets[0].rules || document.styleSheets[0].cssRules
        for(var x=0;x<rules.length;x++) {
            document.getElementById("rules").innerHTML += rules[x].selectorText + "<br />";
        }
    }
    </script>
</head>
<body>
    <input onclick="PrintRules()" type="button" value="Print Rules" /><br />
    RULES:
    <div id="rules"></div>
</body>
</html>

Solution 5:

function getStyle(className) {
    document.styleSheets.item("menu").cssRules.item(className).cssText;
}
getStyle('.test')

Note : “menu” is an element ID which you have applied CSS.
“className” a css class name which we need to get its text.

Solution 6:

I’ve found none of the suggestions to really work. Here’s a more robust one that normalizes spacing when finding classes.

//Inside closure so that the inner functions don't need regeneration on every call.
const getCssClasses = (function () {
    function normalize(str) {
        if (!str)  return '';
        str = String(str).replace(/\s*([>~+])\s*/g, ' $1 ');  //Normalize symbol spacing.
        return str.replace(/(\s+)/g, ' ').trim();           //Normalize whitespace
    }
    function split(str, on) {               //Split, Trim, and remove empty elements
        return str.split(on).map(x => x.trim()).filter(x => x);
    }
    function containsAny(selText, ors) {
        return selText ? ors.some(x => selText.indexOf(x) >= 0) : false;
    }
    return function (selector) {
        const logicalORs = split(normalize(selector), ',');
        const sheets = Array.from(window.document.styleSheets);
        const ruleArrays = sheets.map((x) => Array.from(x.rules || x.cssRules || []));
        const allRules = ruleArrays.reduce((all, x) => all.concat(x), []);
        return allRules.filter((x) => containsAny(normalize(x.selectorText), logicalORs));
    };
})();

Here’s it in action from the Chrome console.

enter image description here