How do you serve a file for download with AngularJS or Javascript?

How do you serve a file for download with AngularJS or Javascript?

I have some text in a hidden textarea. When a button is clicked I would like to have the text offered for download as a .txt file. Is this possible using AngularJS or Javascript?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

You can do something like this using Blob.

<a download="content.txt" ng-href="{{ url }}">download</a>

in your controller:

var content = 'file content for example';
var blob = new Blob([ content ], { type : 'text/plain' });
$scope.url = (window.URL || window.webkitURL).createObjectURL( blob );

in order to enable the URL:

app = angular.module(...);
app.config(['$compileProvider',
    function ($compileProvider) {
        $compileProvider.aHrefSanitizationWhitelist(/^\s*(https?|ftp|mailto|tel|file|blob):/);
}]);

Please note that

Each time you call createObjectURL(), a new object URL is created, even if you’ve already created one for the same object. Each of these must be released by calling URL.revokeObjectURL() when you no longer need them. Browsers will release these automatically when the document is unloaded; however, for optimal performance and memory usage, if there are safe times when you can explicitly unload them, you should do so.

Source: MDN

Solution 2:

Just click the button to download using following code.

in html

<a class="btn" ng-click="saveJSON()" ng-href="{{ url }}">Export to JSON</a>

In controller

$scope.saveJSON = function () {
			$scope.toJSON = '';
			$scope.toJSON = angular.toJson($scope.data);
			var blob = new Blob([$scope.toJSON], { type:"application/json;charset=utf-8;" });			
			var downloadLink = angular.element('<a></a>');
                        downloadLink.attr('href',window.URL.createObjectURL(blob));
                        downloadLink.attr('download', 'fileName.json');
			downloadLink[0].click();
		};

Solution 3:

Try this

<a target="_self" href="mysite.com/uploads/ahlem.pdf" download="foo.pdf">

and visit this site it could be helpful for you 🙂

http://docs.angularjs.org/guide/

Solution 4:

This can be done in javascript without the need to open another browser window.

window.location.assign('url');

Replace ‘url’ with the link to your file. You can put this in a function and call it with ng-click if you need to trigger the download from a button.

Solution 5:

In our current project at work we had a invisible iFrame and I had to feed the url for the file to the iFrame to get a download dialog box. On the button click, the controller generates the dynamic url and triggers a $scope event where a custom directive I wrote, is listing. The directive will append a iFrame to the body if it does not exist already and sets the url attribute on it.

EDIT: Adding a directive

appModule.directive('fileDownload', function ($compile) {
    var fd = {
        restrict: 'A',
        link: function (scope, iElement, iAttrs) {

            scope.$on("downloadFile", function (e, url) {
                var iFrame = iElement.find("iframe");
                if (!(iFrame && iFrame.length > 0)) {
                    iFrame = $("<iframe style='position:fixed;display:none;top:-1px;left:-1px;'/>");
                    iElement.append(iFrame);
                }

                iFrame.attr("src", url);


            });
        }
    };

    return fd;
});

This directive responds to a controller event called downloadFile

so in your controller you do

$scope.$broadcast("downloadFile", url);

Solution 6:

You can set location.href to a data URI containing the data you want to let the user download. Besides this, I don’t think there’s any way to do it with just JavaScript.