How to call a REST web service API from JavaScript?

How to call a REST web service API from JavaScript?

I have an HTML page with a button on it. When I click on that button, I need to call a REST Web Service API. I tried searching online everywhere. No clue whatsoever. Can someone give me a lead/Headstart on this? Very much appreciated.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

I’m surprised nobody has mentioned the new Fetch API, supported by all browsers except IE11 at the time of writing. It simplifies the XMLHttpRequest syntax you see in many of the other examples.

The API includes a lot more, but start with the fetch() method. It takes two arguments:

  1. A URL or an object representing the request.
  2. Optional init object containing the method, headers, body etc.

Simple GET:

const userAction = async () => {
  const response = await fetch('http://example.com/movies.json');
  const myJson = await response.json(); //extract JSON from the http response
  // do something with myJson
}

Recreating the previous top answer, a POST:

const userAction = async () => {
  const response = await fetch('http://example.com/movies.json', {
    method: 'POST',
    body: myBody, // string or object
    headers: {
      'Content-Type': 'application/json'
    }
  });
  const myJson = await response.json(); //extract JSON from the http response
  // do something with myJson
}

Solution 2:

Your Javascript:

function UserAction() {
    var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
         if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
             alert(this.responseText);
         }
    };
    xhttp.open("POST", "Your Rest URL Here", true);
    xhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/json");
    xhttp.send("Your JSON Data Here");
}

Your Button action::

<button type="submit" onclick="UserAction()">Search</button>

For more info go through the following link (Updated 2017/01/11)

Related:  How can I convert numbers into scientific notation?

Solution 3:

Here is another Javascript REST API Call with authentication using json:

<script type="text/javascript" language="javascript">

function send()
{
    var urlvariable;

    urlvariable = "text";

    var ItemJSON;

    ItemJSON = '[  {    "Id": 1,    "ProductID": "1",    "Quantity": 1,  },  {    "Id": 1,    "ProductID": "2",    "Quantity": 2,  }]';

    URL = "https://testrestapi.com/additems?var=" + urlvariable;  //Your URL

    var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = callbackFunction(xmlhttp);
    xmlhttp.open("POST", URL, false);
    xmlhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json");
    xmlhttp.setRequestHeader('Authorization', 'Basic ' + window.btoa('apiusername:apiuserpassword')); //in prod, you should encrypt user name and password and provide encrypted keys here instead 
    xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = callbackFunction(xmlhttp);
    xmlhttp.send(ItemJSON);
    alert(xmlhttp.responseText);
    document.getElementById("div").innerHTML = xmlhttp.statusText + ":" + xmlhttp.status + "<BR><textarea rows='100' cols='100'>" + xmlhttp.responseText + "</textarea>";
}

function callbackFunction(xmlhttp) 
{
    //alert(xmlhttp.responseXML);
}
</script>


<html>
<body id='bod'><button type="submit" onclick="javascript:send()">call</button>
<div id='div'>

</div></body>
</html>

Solution 4:

    $("button").on("click",function(){
      //console.log("hii");
      $.ajax({
        headers:{  
           "key":"your key",
     "Accept":"application/json",//depends on your api
      "Content-type":"application/x-www-form-urlencoded"//depends on your api
        },   url:"url you need",
        success:function(response){
          var r=JSON.parse(response);
          $("#main").html(r.base);
        }
      });
});

Solution 5:

I think add if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) to wait is better:

var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
    if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
       // Typical action to be performed when the document is ready:
        var response = xhttp.responseText;
        console.log("ok"+response);
    }
};
xhttp.open("GET", "your url", true);

xhttp.send();

Solution 6:

Before we try to put anything on the front end of the website, let’s open a connection the API. We’ll do so using XMLHttpRequest objects, which is a way to open files and make an HTTP request.

Related:  Sort Javascript Object Array By Date

We’ll create a request variable and assign a new XMLHttpRequest object to it. Then we’ll open a new connection with the open() method – in the arguments we’ll specify the type of request as GET as well as the URL of the API endpoint. The request completes and we can access the data inside the onload function. When we’re done, we’ll send the request.
// Create a request variable and assign a new XMLHttpRequest object to it.
var request = new XMLHttpRequest()

// Open a new connection, using the GET request on the URL endpoint
request.open('GET', 'https://ghibliapi.herokuapp.com/films', true)

request.onload = function () {
  // Begin accessing JSON data here
  }
}

// Send request
request.send()