How to check if a variable is an integer in JavaScript?

How to check if a variable is an integer in JavaScript?

How do I check if a variable is an integer in JavaScript, and throw an alert if it isn’t? I tried this, but it doesn’t work:




Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Use the === operator (strict equality) as below,

if (data === parseInt(data, 10))
    alert("data is integer")
else
    alert("data is not an integer")

Solution 2:

That depends, do you also want to cast strings as potential integers as well?

This will do:

function isInt(value) {
  return !isNaN(value) && 
         parseInt(Number(value)) == value && 
         !isNaN(parseInt(value, 10));
}

With Bitwise operations

Simple parse and check

function isInt(value) {
  var x = parseFloat(value);
  return !isNaN(value) && (x | 0) === x;
}

Short-circuiting, and saving a parse operation:

function isInt(value) {
  if (isNaN(value)) {
    return false;
  }
  var x = parseFloat(value);
  return (x | 0) === x;
}

Or perhaps both in one shot:

function isInt(value) {
  return !isNaN(value) && (function(x) { return (x | 0) === x; })(parseFloat(value))
}

Tests:

isInt(42)        // true
isInt("42")      // true
isInt(4e2)       // true
isInt("4e2")     // true
isInt(" 1 ")     // true
isInt("")        // false
isInt("  ")      // false
isInt(42.1)      // false
isInt("1a")      // false
isInt("4e2a")    // false
isInt(null)      // false
isInt(undefined) // false
isInt(NaN)       // false

Here’s the fiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/opfyrqwp/28/

Performance

Testing reveals that the short-circuiting solution has the best performance (ops/sec).

// Short-circuiting, and saving a parse operation
function isInt(value) {
  var x;
  if (isNaN(value)) {
    return false;
  }
  x = parseFloat(value);
  return (x | 0) === x;
}

Here is a benchmark:
http://jsben.ch/#/htLVw

If you fancy a shorter, obtuse form of short circuiting:

function isInt(value) {
  var x;
  return isNaN(value) ? !1 : (x = parseFloat(value), (0 | x) === x);
}

Of course, I’d suggest letting the minifier take care of that.

Solution 3:

Assuming you don’t know anything about the variable in question, you should take this approach:

if(typeof data === 'number') {
    var remainder = (data % 1);
    if(remainder === 0) {
        // yes, it is an integer
    }
    else if(isNaN(remainder)) {
        // no, data is either: NaN, Infinity, or -Infinity
    }
    else {
        // no, it is a float (still a number though)
    }
}
else {
    // no way, it is not even a number
}

To put it simply:

if(typeof data==='number' && (data%1)===0) {
    // data is an integer
}

Solution 4:

Number.isInteger() seems to be the way to go.

MDN has also provided the following polyfill for browsers not supporting Number.isInteger(), mainly all versions of IE.

Link to MDN page

Number.isInteger = Number.isInteger || function(value) {
    return typeof value === "number" && 
           isFinite(value) && 
           Math.floor(value) === value;
};

Solution 5:

You could check if the number has a remainder:

var data = 22;

if(data % 1 === 0){
   // yes it's an integer.
}

Mind you, if your input could also be text and you want to check first it is not, then you can check the type first:

var data = 22;

if(typeof data === 'number'){
     // yes it is numeric

    if(data % 1 === 0){
       // yes it's an integer.
    }
}

Solution 6:

You can use a simple regular expression:

function isInt(value) {
    var er = /^-?[0-9]+$/;
    return er.test(value);
}