How to check if object property exists with a variable holding the property name? [duplicate]

How to check if object property exists with a variable holding the property name? [duplicate]

This question already has an answer here:

Dynamically access object property using variable

11 answers

I am checking for the existence of an object property with a variable holding the property name in question.
var myObj;
myObj.prop = “exists”;
var myProp = “p”+”r”+”o”+”p”;

if(myObj.myProp){
alert(“yes, i have that property”);
};

This is undefined because it’s looking for myObj.myProp but I want it to check for myObj.prop

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

var myProp = 'prop';
if(myObj.hasOwnProperty(myProp)){
    alert("yes, i have that property");
}

Or

var myProp = 'prop';
if(myProp in myObj){
    alert("yes, i have that property");
}

Or

if('prop' in myObj){
    alert("yes, i have that property");
}

Solution 2:

You can use hasOwnProperty, but based on the reference you need quotes when using this method:

if (myObj.hasOwnProperty('myProp')) {
    // do something
}

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object/hasOwnProperty

Another way is to use in operator, but you need quotes here as well:

if ('myProp' in myObj) {
    // do something
}

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Operators/in

Solution 3:

Thank you for everyone’s assistance and pushing to get rid of the eval statement.
Variables needed to be in brackets, not dot notation. This works and is clean, proper code.

Each of these are variables: appChoice, underI, underObstr.

if(typeof tData.tonicdata[appChoice][underI][underObstr] !== "undefined"){
    //enter code here
}

Solution 4:

A much more secure way to check if property exists on the object is to use empty object or object prototype to call hasOwnProperty()

var foo = {
  hasOwnProperty: function() {
    return false;
  },
  bar: 'Here be dragons'
};

foo.hasOwnProperty('bar'); // always returns false

// Use another Object's hasOwnProperty and call it with 'this' set to foo
({}).hasOwnProperty.call(foo, 'bar'); // true

// It's also possible to use the hasOwnProperty property from the Object
// prototype for this purpose
Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(foo, 'bar'); // true

Reference from MDN Web Docs – Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty()

Solution 5:

For own property :

var loan = { amount: 150 };
if(Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(loan, "amount")) 
{ 
   //will execute
}

Note: using Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty is better than loan.hasOwnProperty(..), in case a custom hasOwnProperty is defined in the prototype chain (which is not the case here), like

var foo = {
      hasOwnProperty: function() {
        return false;
      },
      bar: 'Here be dragons'
    };

// https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object/hasOwnProperty

To include inherited properties in the finding use the in operator: (but you must place an object at the right side of ‘in’, primitive values will throw error, e.g. ‘length’ in ‘home’ will throw error, but ‘length’ in new String(‘home’) won’t)

const yoshi = { skulk: true };
const hattori = { sneak: true };
const kuma = { creep: true };
if ("skulk" in yoshi) 
    console.log("Yoshi can skulk");

if (!("sneak" in yoshi)) 
    console.log("Yoshi cannot sneak");

if (!("creep" in yoshi)) 
    console.log("Yoshi cannot creep");

Object.setPrototypeOf(yoshi, hattori);

if ("sneak" in yoshi)
    console.log("Yoshi can now sneak");
if (!("creep" in hattori))
    console.log("Hattori cannot creep");

Object.setPrototypeOf(hattori, kuma);

if ("creep" in hattori)
    console.log("Hattori can now creep");
if ("creep" in yoshi)
    console.log("Yoshi can also creep");

// https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Operators/in

Note: One may be tempted to use typeof and [ ] property accessor as the following code which doesn’t work always

var loan = { amount: 150 };

loan.installment = undefined;

if("installment" in loan) // correct
{
    // will execute
}

if(typeof loan["installment"] !== "undefined") // incorrect
{
    // will not execute
}

Solution 6:

You can use hasOwnProperty() as well as in operator.