How to check null objects in jQuery

How to check null objects in jQuery

I’m using jQuery and I want to check the existence of an element in my page. I have written following code, but it’s not working:
if($(“#btext” + i) != null) {
//alert($(“#btext” + i).text());
$(“#btext” + i).text(“Branch ” + i);
}

How do I check the existence of the element?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Check the jQuery FAQ

You can use the length property of the jQuery collection returned by your selector:

if ( $('#myDiv').length ){}

Solution 2:

(Since I don’t seem to have enough reputation to vote down the answer…)

Wolf wrote:

Calling length property on undefined
or a null object will cause IE and
webkit browsers to fail!

Instead try this:

 // NOTE!! THE FOLLOWING IS WRONG; DO NOT USE!  -- EleotleCram
if($("#something") !== null){
  // do something
}

or

 // NOTE!! THE FOLLOWING IS WRONG; DO NOT USE!  -- EleotleCram
if($("#something") === null){
  // don't do something
}

While it is true that calling the length property on an undefined or null object will cause browsers to fail, the result of jQuery’s selectors (the $(‘…’)) will never be null or undefined. Thus the code suggestions make no sense. Use one of the other answers, they make more sense.

Related:  NodeJS socket IO stop emitting randomly?

(Update 2012) Because people look at code and this answer is pretty high up the list: For the last couple of years, I have been using this small plugin:

  jQuery.fn['any'] = function() {
     return (this.length > 0);
  };

I think $(‘div’).any() reads better than $(‘div’).length, plus you won’t suffer as much from typos: $(‘div’).ayn() will give a runtime error, $(‘div’).lenght will silently most likely always be falsy.

__
Edits november 2012:

1) Because people tend to look at code and not read what is said around the code, I added two big caveat lector notes to the quoted code of Wolf.
2) I added code of the small plugin I use for this situation.

Solution 3:

The lookup function returns an array of matching elements. You could check if the length is zero. Note the change to only look up the elements once and reuse the results as needed.

var elem = $("#btext" + i);
if (elem.length != 0) {
   elem.text("Branch " + i);
}

Also, have you tried just using the text function — if no element exists, it will do nothing.

$("#btext" + i).text("Branch " + i);

Solution 4:

jquery $() function always return non null value – mean elements matched you selector cretaria. If the element was not found it will return an empty array.
So your code will look something like this –

if ($("#btext" + i).length){
        //alert($("#btext" + i).text());
    $("#btext" + i).text("Branch " + i);
}

Solution 5:

In jQuery 1.4 you get the $.isEmptyObject function, but if you are forced to use an older version of jQ like us poor Drupal developers just steal use this code:

// This is a function similar to the jQuery 1.4 $.isEmptyObject.
function isObjectEmpty(obj) {
  for ( var name in obj ) {
    return false;
  }
  return true;
}

Use it like:

console.log(isObjectEmpty(the_object)); // Returns true or false.

Solution 6:

no matter what you selection is the function $() always returns a jQuery object so that cant be used to test. The best way yet (if not the only) is to use the size() function or the native length property as explained above.

if ( $('selector').size() ) {...}