How to check whether an object is a date?

How to check whether an object is a date?

I have an annoying bug in on a webpage:

date.GetMonth() is not a function

So, I suppose that I am doing something wrong. The variable date is not an object of type Date. How can I check for a datatype in Javascript? I tried to add a if (date), but it doesn’t work.
function getFormatedDate(date) {
if (date) {
var month = date.GetMonth();
}
}

So, if I want to write defensive code and prevent the date (which is not one) to be formatted, how do I do that?
Thanks!
UPDATE: I don’t want to check the format of the date, but I want to be sure that the parameter passed to the method getFormatedDate() is of type Date.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

As an alternative to duck typing via

typeof date.getMonth === 'function'

you can use the instanceof operator, i.e. But it will return true for invalid dates too, e.g. new Date('random_string') is also instance of Date

date instanceof Date

This will fail if objects are passed across frame boundaries.

A work-around for this is to check the object’s class via

Object.prototype.toString.call(date) === '[object Date]'

Solution 2:

You can use the following code:

(myvar instanceof Date) // returns true or false

Solution 3:

In order to check if the value is a valid type of the standard JS-date object, you can make use of this predicate:

function isValidDate(date) {
  return date && Object.prototype.toString.call(date) === "[object Date]" && !isNaN(date);
}
  1. date checks whether the parameter was not a falsy value (undefined, null, 0, "", etc..)
  2. Object.prototype.toString.call(date) returns a native string representation of the given object type – In our case "[object Date]". Because date.toString() overrides its parent method, we need to .call or .apply the method from Object.prototype directly which ..
  3. !isNaN(date) finally checks whether the value was not an Invalid Date.

Solution 4:

The function is getMonth(), not GetMonth().

Anyway, you can check if the object has a getMonth property by doing this. It doesn’t necessarily mean the object is a Date, just any object which has a getMonth property.

if (date.getMonth) {
    var month = date.getMonth();
}

Solution 5:

As indicated above, it’s probably easiest to just check if the function exists before using it. If you really care that it’s a Date, and not just an object with a getMonth() function, try this:

function isValidDate(value) {
    var dateWrapper = new Date(value);
    return !isNaN(dateWrapper.getDate());
}

This will create either a clone of the value if it’s a Date, or create an invalid date. You can then check if the new date’s value is invalid or not.

Solution 6:

For all types I cooked up an Object prototype function. It may be of use to you

Object.prototype.typof = function(chkType){
      var inp        = String(this.constructor),
          customObj  = (inp.split(/\({1}/))[0].replace(/^\n/,'').substr(9),
          regularObj = Object.prototype.toString.apply(this),
          thisType   = regularObj.toLowerCase()
                        .match(new RegExp(customObj.toLowerCase()))
                       ? regularObj : '[object '+customObj+']';
     return chkType
            ? thisType.toLowerCase().match(chkType.toLowerCase()) 
               ? true : false
            : thisType;
}

Now you can check any type like this:

var myDate     = new Date().toString(),
    myRealDate = new Date();
if (myRealDate.typof('Date')) { /* do things */ }
alert( myDate.typof() ); //=> String

[Edit march 2013] based on progressing insight this is a better method:

Object.prototype.is = function() {
        var test = arguments.length ? [].slice.call(arguments) : null
           ,self = this.constructor;
        return test ? !!(test.filter(function(a){return a === self}).length)
               : (this.constructor.name ||
                  (String(self).match ( /^function\s*([^\s(]+)/im)
                    || [0,'ANONYMOUS_CONSTRUCTOR']) [1] );
}
// usage
var Some = function(){ /* ... */}
   ,Other = function(){ /* ... */}
   ,some = new Some;
2..is(String,Function,RegExp);        //=> false
2..is(String,Function,Number,RegExp); //=> true
'hello'.is(String);                   //=> true
'hello'.is();                         //-> String
/[a-z]/i.is();                        //-> RegExp
some.is();                            //=> 'ANONYMOUS_CONSTRUCTOR'
some.is(Other);                       //=> false
some.is(Some);                        //=> true
// note: you can't use this for NaN (NaN === Number)
(+'ab2').is(Number);                 //=> true