How to describe “object” arguments in jsdoc?

How to describe “object” arguments in jsdoc?

// My function does X and Y.
// @params {object} parameters An object containing the parameters
// @params {function} callback The callback function
function(parameters, callback) {
}

But how do I describe how the parameters object should be structured? For example it should be something like:
{
setting1 : 123, // (required, integer)
setting2 : ‘asdf’ // (optional, string)
}

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

From the @param wiki page:


Parameters With Properties

If a parameter is expected to have a particular property, you can document that immediately after the @param tag for that parameter, like so:

 /**
  * @param userInfo Information about the user.
  * @param userInfo.name The name of the user.
  * @param userInfo.email The email of the user.
  */
 function logIn(userInfo) {
        doLogIn(userInfo.name, userInfo.email);
 }

There used to be a @config tag which immediately followed the corresponding @param, but it appears to have been deprecated (example here).

Solution 2:

I see that there is already an answer about the @return tag, but I want to give more details about it.

First of all, the official JSDoc 3 documentation doesn’t give us any examples about the @return for a custom object. Please see https://jsdoc.app/tags-returns.html. Now, let’s see what we can do until some standard will appear.

  • Function returns object where keys are dynamically generated. Example: {1: 'Pete', 2: 'Mary', 3: 'John'}. Usually, we iterate over this object with the help of for(var key in obj){...}.

    Possible JSDoc according to https://google.github.io/styleguide/javascriptguide.xml#JsTypes

    /**
     * @return {Object.<number, string>}
     */
    function getTmpObject() {
        var result = {}
        for (var i = 10; i >= 0; i--) {
            result[i * 3] = 'someValue' + i;
        }
        return result
    }
    
  • Function returns object where keys are known constants. Example: {id: 1, title: 'Hello world', type: 'LEARN', children: {...}}. We can easily access properties of this object: object.id.

    Possible JSDoc according to https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/jsdoc-users/TMvUedK9tC4

    • Fake It.

      /**
       * Generate a point.
       *
       * @returns {Object} point - The point generated by the factory.
       * @returns {number} point.x - The x coordinate.
       * @returns {number} point.y - The y coordinate.
       */
      var pointFactory = function (x, y) {
          return {
              x:x,
              y:y
          }
      }
      
    • The Full Monty.

      /**
       @class generatedPoint
       @private
       @type {Object}
       @property {number} x The x coordinate.
       @property {number} y The y coordinate.
       */
      function generatedPoint(x, y) {
          return {
              x:x,
              y:y
          };
      }
      
      /**
       * Generate a point.
       *
       * @returns {generatedPoint} The point generated by the factory.
       */
      
      var pointFactory = function (x, y) {
          return new generatedPoint(x, y);
      }
      
    • Define a type.

      /**
       @typedef generatedPoint
       @type {Object}
       @property {number} x The x coordinate.
       @property {number} y The y coordinate.
       */
      
      
      /**
       * Generate a point.
       *
       * @returns {generatedPoint} The point generated by the factory.
       */
      
      var pointFactory = function (x, y) {
          return {
              x:x,
              y:y
          }
      }
      

    According to https://google.github.io/styleguide/javascriptguide.xml#JsTypes

    • The record type.

      /**
       * @return {{myNum: number, myObject}}
       * An anonymous type with the given type members.
       */
      function getTmpObject() {
          return {
              myNum: 2,
              myObject: 0 || undefined || {}
          }
      }
      

Solution 3:

By now there are 4 different ways to document objects as parameters/types. Each has its own uses. Only 3 of them can be used to document return values, though.

For objects with a known set of properties (Variant A)

/**
 * @param {{a: number, b: string, c}} myObj description
 */

This syntax is ideal for objects that are used only as parameters for this function and don’t require further description of each property.
It can be used for @returns as well.

For objects with a known set of properties (Variant B)

Very useful is the parameters with properties syntax:

/**
 * @param {Object} myObj description
 * @param {number} myObj.a description
 * @param {string} myObj.b description
 * @param {} myObj.c description
 */

This syntax is ideal for objects that are used only as parameters for this function and that require further description of each property.
This can not be used for @returns.

For objects that will be used at more than one point in source

In this case a @typedef comes in very handy. You can define the type at one point in your source and use it as a type for @param or @returns or other JSDoc tags that can make use of a type.

/**
 * @typedef {Object} Person
 * @property {string} name how the person is called
 * @property {number} age how many years the person lived
 */

You can then use this in a @param tag:

/**
 * @param {Person} p - Description of p
 */

Or in a @returns:

/**
 * @returns {Person} Description
 */

For objects whose values are all the same type

/**
 * @param {Object.<string, number>} dict
 */

The first type (string) documents the type of the keys which in JavaScript is always a string or at least will always be coerced to a string. The second type (number) is the type of the value; this can be any type.
This syntax can be used for @returns as well.

Resources

Useful information about documenting types can be found here:

https://jsdoc.app/tags-type.html

PS:

to document an optional value you can use []:

/**
 * @param {number} [opt_number] this number is optional
 */

or:

/**
 * @param {number|undefined} opt_number this number is optional
 */

Solution 4:

For @return tag use {{field1: Number, field2: String}}, see: http://wiki.servoy.com/display/public/DOCS/Annotating+JavaScript+using+JSDoc

Solution 5:

There’s a new @config tag for these cases. They link to the preceding @param.

/** My function does X and Y.
    @params {object} parameters An object containing the parameters
    @config {integer} setting1 A required setting.
    @config {string} [setting2] An optional setting.
    @params {MyClass~FuncCallback} callback The callback function
*/
function(parameters, callback) {
    // ...
};

/**
 * This callback is displayed as part of the MyClass class.
 * @callback MyClass~FuncCallback
 * @param {number} responseCode
 * @param {string} responseMessage
 */
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