How to export JavaScript array info to csv (on client side)?

How to export JavaScript array info to csv (on client side)?

I know there are lot of questions of this nature but I need to do this using JavaScript. I am using Dojo 1.8 and have all the attribute info in array, which looks like this:
[[“name1”, “city_name1”, …][“name2”, “city_name2”, …]]

Any idea how I can export this to CSV on the client side?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

You can do this in native JavaScript. You’ll have to parse your data into correct CSV format as so (assuming you are using an array of arrays for your data as you have described in the question):

const rows = [
    ["name1", "city1", "some other info"],
    ["name2", "city2", "more info"]
];

let csvContent = "data:text/csv;charset=utf-8,";

rows.forEach(function(rowArray) {
    let row = rowArray.join(",");
    csvContent += row + "\r\n";
});

or the shorter way (using arrow functions):

const rows = [
    ["name1", "city1", "some other info"],
    ["name2", "city2", "more info"]
];

let csvContent = "data:text/csv;charset=utf-8," 
    + rows.map(e => e.join(",")).join("\n");

Then you can use JavaScript’s window.open and encodeURI functions to download the CSV file like so:

var encodedUri = encodeURI(csvContent);
window.open(encodedUri);

Edit:

If you want to give your file a specific name, you have to do things a little differently since this is not supported accessing a data URI using the window.open method. In order to achieve this, you can create a hidden <a> DOM node and set its download attribute as follows:

var encodedUri = encodeURI(csvContent);
var link = document.createElement("a");
link.setAttribute("href", encodedUri);
link.setAttribute("download", "my_data.csv");
document.body.appendChild(link); // Required for FF

link.click(); // This will download the data file named "my_data.csv".

Solution 2:

Based on the answers above I created this function that I have tested on IE 11, Chrome 36 and Firefox 29

function exportToCsv(filename, rows) {
    var processRow = function (row) {
        var finalVal = '';
        for (var j = 0; j < row.length; j++) {
            var innerValue = row[j] === null ? '' : row[j].toString();
            if (row[j] instanceof Date) {
                innerValue = row[j].toLocaleString();
            };
            var result = innerValue.replace(/"/g, '""');
            if (result.search(/("|,|\n)/g) >= 0)
                result = '"' + result + '"';
            if (j > 0)
                finalVal += ',';
            finalVal += result;
        }
        return finalVal + '\n';
    };

    var csvFile = '';
    for (var i = 0; i < rows.length; i++) {
        csvFile += processRow(rows[i]);
    }

    var blob = new Blob([csvFile], { type: 'text/csv;charset=utf-8;' });
    if (navigator.msSaveBlob) { // IE 10+
        navigator.msSaveBlob(blob, filename);
    } else {
        var link = document.createElement("a");
        if (link.download !== undefined) { // feature detection
            // Browsers that support HTML5 download attribute
            var url = URL.createObjectURL(blob);
            link.setAttribute("href", url);
            link.setAttribute("download", filename);
            link.style.visibility = 'hidden';
            document.body.appendChild(link);
            link.click();
            document.body.removeChild(link);
        }
    }
}

For example:
https://jsfiddle.net/jossef/m3rrLzk0/

Solution 3:

This solution should work with Internet Explorer 10+, Edge, old and new versions of Chrome, FireFox, Safari, ++

The accepted answer won’t work with IE and Safari.

// Example data given in question text
var data = [
  ['name1', 'city1', 'some other info'],
  ['name2', 'city2', 'more info']
];

// Building the CSV from the Data two-dimensional array
// Each column is separated by ";" and new line "\n" for next row
var csvContent = '';
data.forEach(function(infoArray, index) {
  dataString = infoArray.join(';');
  csvContent += index < data.length ? dataString + '\n' : dataString;
});

// The download function takes a CSV string, the filename and mimeType as parameters
// Scroll/look down at the bottom of this snippet to see how download is called
var download = function(content, fileName, mimeType) {
  var a = document.createElement('a');
  mimeType = mimeType || 'application/octet-stream';

  if (navigator.msSaveBlob) { // IE10
    navigator.msSaveBlob(new Blob([content], {
      type: mimeType
    }), fileName);
  } else if (URL && 'download' in a) { //html5 A[download]
    a.href = URL.createObjectURL(new Blob([content], {
      type: mimeType
    }));
    a.setAttribute('download', fileName);
    document.body.appendChild(a);
    a.click();
    document.body.removeChild(a);
  } else {
    location.href = 'data:application/octet-stream,' + encodeURIComponent(content); // only this mime type is supported
  }
}

download(csvContent, 'dowload.csv', 'text/csv;encoding:utf-8');

Running the code snippet will download the mock data as csv

Credits to dandavis https://stackoverflow.com/a/16377813/1350598

Solution 4:

I came here looking for a bit more RFC 4180 compliance and I failed to find an implementation, so I made a (possibly inefficient) one for my own needs. I thought I would share it with everyone.

var content = [['1st title', '2nd title', '3rd title', 'another title'], ['a a a', 'bb\nb', 'cc,c', 'dd"d'], ['www', 'xxx', 'yyy', 'zzz']];

var finalVal = '';

for (var i = 0; i < content.length; i++) {
    var value = content[i];

    for (var j = 0; j < value.length; j++) {
        var innerValue =  value[j]===null?'':value[j].toString();
        var result = innerValue.replace(/"/g, '""');
        if (result.search(/("|,|\n)/g) >= 0)
            result = '"' + result + '"';
        if (j > 0)
            finalVal += ',';
        finalVal += result;
    }

    finalVal += '\n';
}

console.log(finalVal);

var download = document.getElementById('download');
download.setAttribute('href', 'data:text/csv;charset=utf-8,' + encodeURIComponent(finalVal));
download.setAttribute('download', 'test.csv');

Hopefully this will help someone out in the future. This combines both the encoding of the CSV along with the ability to download the file. In my example on jsfiddle. You can download the file (assuming HTML 5 browser) or view the output in the console.

UPDATE:

Chrome now appears to have lost the ability to name the file. I’m not sure what’s happened or how to fix it, but whenever I use this code (including the jsfiddle), the downloaded file is now named download.csv.

Solution 5:

The solution from @Default works perfect on Chrome (thanks a lot for that!) but I had a problem with IE.

Here’s a solution (works on IE10):

var csvContent=data; //here we load our csv data 
var blob = new Blob([csvContent],{
    type: "text/csv;charset=utf-8;"
});

navigator.msSaveBlob(blob, "filename.csv")

Solution 6:

In Chrome 35 update, download attribute behavior was changed.

https://code.google.com/p/chromium/issues/detail?id=373182

to work this in chrome, use this

var pom = document.createElement('a');
var csvContent=csv; //here we load our csv data 
var blob = new Blob([csvContent],{type: 'text/csv;charset=utf-8;'});
var url = URL.createObjectURL(blob);
pom.href = url;
pom.setAttribute('download', 'foo.csv');
pom.click();