How to get a file or blob from an object URL?

How to get a file or blob from an object URL?

I am allowing the user to load images into a page via drag&drop and other methods. When an image is dropped, I’m using URL.createObjectURL to convert to an object URL to display the image. I am not revoking the url, as I do reuse it.
So, when it comes time to create a FormData object so I can allow them to upload a form with one of those images in it, is there some way I can then reverse that Object URL back into a Blob or File so I can then append it to a FormData object?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

As gengkev alludes to in his comment above, it looks like the best/only way to do this is with an async xhr2 call:

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('GET', 'blob:http%3A//your.blob.url.here', true);
xhr.responseType = 'blob';
xhr.onload = function(e) {
  if (this.status == 200) {
    var myBlob = this.response;
    // myBlob is now the blob that the object URL pointed to.
  }
};
xhr.send();

Update (2018): For situations where ES5 can safely be used, Joe has a simpler ES5-based answer below.

Solution 2:

Modern solution:

let blob = await fetch(url).then(r => r.blob());

The url can be an object url or a normal url.

Solution 3:

Maybe someone finds this useful when working with React/Node/Axios. I used this for my Cloudinary image upload feature with react-dropzone on the UI.

    axios({
        method: 'get',
        url: file[0].preview, // blob url eg. blob:http://127.0.0.1:8000/e89c5d87-a634-4540-974c-30dc476825cc
        responseType: 'blob'
    }).then(function(response){
         var reader = new FileReader();
         reader.readAsDataURL(response.data); 
         reader.onloadend = function() {
             var base64data = reader.result;
             self.props.onMainImageDrop(base64data)
         }

    })

Solution 4:

See Getting BLOB data from XHR request which points out that BlobBuilder doesn’t work in Chrome so you need to use:

xhr.responseType = 'arraybuffer';

Solution 5:

If you show the file in a canvas anyway you can also convert the canvas content to a blob object.

canvas.toBlob(function(my_file){
  //.toBlob is only implemented in > FF18 but there is a polyfill 
  //for other browsers https://github.com/blueimp/JavaScript-Canvas-to-Blob
  var myBlob = (my_file);
})

Solution 6:

Unfortunately @BrianFreud’s answer doesn’t fit my needs, I had a little different need, and I know that is not the answer for @BrianFreud’s question, but I am leaving it here because a lot of persons got here with my same need. I needed something like ‘How to get a file or blob from an URL?’, and the current correct answer does not fit my needs because its not cross-domain.

I have a website that consumes images from an Amazon S3/Azure Storage, and there I store objects named with uniqueidentifiers:

sample: http://****.blob.core.windows.net/systemimages/bf142dc9-0185-4aee-a3f4-1e5e95a09bcf

Some of this images should be download from our system interface.
To avoid passing this traffic through my HTTP server, since this objects does not require any security to be accessed (except by domain filtering), I decided to make a direct request on user’s browser and use local processing to give the file a real name and extension.

To accomplish that I have used this great article from Henry Algus:
http://www.henryalgus.com/reading-binary-files-using-jquery-ajax/

1. First step: Add binary support to jquery

/**
*
* jquery.binarytransport.js
*
* @description. jQuery ajax transport for making binary data type requests.
* @version 1.0 
* @author Henry Algus <henryalgus@gmail.com>
*
*/

// use this transport for "binary" data type
$.ajaxTransport("+binary", function (options, originalOptions, jqXHR) {
    // check for conditions and support for blob / arraybuffer response type
    if (window.FormData && ((options.dataType && (options.dataType == 'binary')) || (options.data && ((window.ArrayBuffer && options.data instanceof ArrayBuffer) || (window.Blob && options.data instanceof Blob))))) {
        return {
            // create new XMLHttpRequest
            send: function (headers, callback) {
                // setup all variables
                var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest(),
        url = options.url,
        type = options.type,
        async = options.async || true,
        // blob or arraybuffer. Default is blob
        dataType = options.responseType || "blob",
        data = options.data || null,
        username = options.username || null,
        password = options.password || null;

                xhr.addEventListener('load', function () {
                    var data = {};
                    data[options.dataType] = xhr.response;
                    // make callback and send data
                    callback(xhr.status, xhr.statusText, data, xhr.getAllResponseHeaders());
                });

                xhr.open(type, url, async, username, password);

                // setup custom headers
                for (var i in headers) {
                    xhr.setRequestHeader(i, headers[i]);
                }

                xhr.responseType = dataType;
                xhr.send(data);
            },
            abort: function () {
                jqXHR.abort();
            }
        };
    }
});

2. Second step: Make a request using this transport type.

function downloadArt(url)
{
    $.ajax(url, {
        dataType: "binary",
        processData: false
    }).done(function (data) {
        // just my logic to name/create files
        var filename = url.substr(url.lastIndexOf('/') + 1) + '.png';
        var blob = new Blob([data], { type: 'image/png' });

        saveAs(blob, filename);
    });
}

Now you can use the Blob created as you want to, in my case I want to save it to disk.

3. Optional: Save file on user’s computer using FileSaver

I have used FileSaver.js to save to disk the downloaded file, if you need to accomplish that, please use this javascript library:

https://github.com/eligrey/FileSaver.js/

I expect this to help others with more specific needs.