How to get browser width using JavaScript code?

How to get browser width using JavaScript code?

I am trying to write a JavaScript function to get the current browser width.
I found this one:
javascript:alert(document.body.offsetWidth);

But its problem that it fail if the body has width 100%.
Is there any other better function or a workaround?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Update for 2017

My original answer was written in 2009. While it still works, I’d like to update it for 2017. Browsers can still behave differently. I trust the jQuery team to do a great job at maintaining cross-browser consistency. However, it’s not necessary to include the entire library. In the jQuery source, the relevant portion is found on line 37 of dimensions.js. Here it is extracted and modified to work standalone:

function getWidth() {
  return Math.max(
    document.body.scrollWidth,
    document.documentElement.scrollWidth,
    document.body.offsetWidth,
    document.documentElement.offsetWidth,
    document.documentElement.clientWidth
  );
}

function getHeight() {
  return Math.max(
    document.body.scrollHeight,
    document.documentElement.scrollHeight,
    document.body.offsetHeight,
    document.documentElement.offsetHeight,
    document.documentElement.clientHeight
  );
}

console.log('Width:  ' +  getWidth() );
console.log('Height: ' + getHeight() );

Original Answer

Since all browsers behave differently, you’ll need to test for values first, and then use the correct one. Here’s a function that does this for you:

function getWidth() {
  if (self.innerWidth) {
    return self.innerWidth;
  }

  if (document.documentElement && document.documentElement.clientWidth) {
    return document.documentElement.clientWidth;
  }

  if (document.body) {
    return document.body.clientWidth;
  }
}

and similarly for height:

function getHeight() {
  if (self.innerHeight) {
    return self.innerHeight;
  }

  if (document.documentElement && document.documentElement.clientHeight) {
    return document.documentElement.clientHeight;
  }

  if (document.body) {
    return document.body.clientHeight;
  }
}

Call both of these in your scripts using getWidth() or getHeight(). If none of the browser’s native properties are defined, it will return undefined.

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Solution 2:

It’s a pain in the ass. I recommend skipping the nonsense and using jQuery, which lets you just do $(window).width().

Solution 3:

var w = window.innerWidth;
var h = window.innerHeight;
var ow = window.outerWidth; //including toolbars and status bar etc.
var oh = window.outerHeight;

Both return integers and don’t require jQuery. Cross-browser compatible.

I often find jQuery returns invalid values for width() and height()

Solution 4:

Why nobody mentions matchMedia?

if (window.matchMedia("(min-width: 400px)").matches) {
  /* the viewport is at least 400 pixels wide */
} else {
  /* the viewport is less than 400 pixels wide */
}

Did not test that much, but tested with android default and android chrome browsers, desktop chrome, so far it looks like it works well.

Of course it does not return number value, but returns boolean – if matches or not, so might not exactly fit the question but that’s what we want anyway and probably the author of question wants.

Solution 5:

From W3schools and its cross browser back to the dark ages of IE!

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p id="demo"></p>

<script>
var w = window.innerWidth
|| document.documentElement.clientWidth
|| document.body.clientWidth;

var h = window.innerHeight
|| document.documentElement.clientHeight
|| document.body.clientHeight;

var x = document.getElementById("demo");
x.innerHTML = "Browser inner window width: " + w + ", height: " + h + ".";

alert("Browser inner window width: " + w + ", height: " + h + ".");

</script>

</body>
</html>

Solution 6:

Here is a shorter version of the function presented above:

function getWidth() {
    if (self.innerWidth) {
       return self.innerWidth;
    }
    else if (document.documentElement && document.documentElement.clientHeight){
        return document.documentElement.clientWidth;
    }
    else if (document.body) {
        return document.body.clientWidth;
    }
    return 0;
}