How to load external scripts dynamically in Angular?

How to load external scripts dynamically in Angular?

I have this module which componentize the external library together with additional logic without adding the

Template

`
})
export class MyAppComponent {...}

I notice the import by ES6 spec is static and resolved during TypeScript transpiling rather than at runtime.
Anyway to make it configurable so the file.js will be loading either from CDN or local folder?
How to tell Angular 2 to load a script dynamically?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

If you're using system.js, you can use System.import() at runtime:

export class MyAppComponent {
  constructor(){
    System.import('path/to/your/module').then(refToLoadedModule => {
      refToLoadedModule.someFunction();
    }
  );
}

If you're using webpack, you can take full advantage of its robust code splitting support with require.ensure :

export class MyAppComponent {
  constructor() {
     require.ensure(['path/to/your/module'], require => {
        let yourModule = require('path/to/your/module');
        yourModule.someFunction();
     }); 
  }
}

Solution 2:

You can use following technique to
dynamically load JS scripts and libraries on demand in your Angular project.

script.store.ts will contain the path of the script either locally or on a remote server and a name that will be used to load the script dynamically

 interface Scripts {
    name: string;
    src: string;
}  
export const ScriptStore: Scripts[] = [
    {name: 'filepicker', src: 'https://api.filestackapi.com/filestack.js'},
    {name: 'rangeSlider', src: '../../../assets/js/ion.rangeSlider.min.js'}
];

script.service.ts is an injectable service that will handle the loading of script, copy script.service.ts as it is

import {Injectable} from "@angular/core";
import {ScriptStore} from "./script.store";

declare var document: any;

@Injectable()
export class ScriptService {

private scripts: any = {};

constructor() {
    ScriptStore.forEach((script: any) => {
        this.scripts[script.name] = {
            loaded: false,
            src: script.src
        };
    });
}

load(...scripts: string[]) {
    var promises: any[] = [];
    scripts.forEach((script) => promises.push(this.loadScript(script)));
    return Promise.all(promises);
}

loadScript(name: string) {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        //resolve if already loaded
        if (this.scripts[name].loaded) {
            resolve({script: name, loaded: true, status: 'Already Loaded'});
        }
        else {
            //load script
            let script = document.createElement('script');
            script.type = 'text/javascript';
            script.src = this.scripts[name].src;
            if (script.readyState) {  //IE
                script.onreadystatechange = () => {
                    if (script.readyState === "loaded" || script.readyState === "complete") {
                        script.onreadystatechange = null;
                        this.scripts[name].loaded = true;
                        resolve({script: name, loaded: true, status: 'Loaded'});
                    }
                };
            } else {  //Others
                script.onload = () => {
                    this.scripts[name].loaded = true;
                    resolve({script: name, loaded: true, status: 'Loaded'});
                };
            }
            script.onerror = (error: any) => resolve({script: name, loaded: false, status: 'Loaded'});
            document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
        }
    });
}

}

Inject this ScriptService wherever you need it and load js libs like this

this.script.load('filepicker', 'rangeSlider').then(data => {
    console.log('script loaded ', data);
}).catch(error => console.log(error));

Solution 3:

This might work. This Code dynamically appends the <script> tag to the head of the html file on button clicked.

const url = 'http://iknow.com/this/does/not/work/either/file.js';

export class MyAppComponent {
    loadAPI: Promise<any>;

    public buttonClicked() {
        this.loadAPI = new Promise((resolve) => {
            console.log('resolving promise...');
            this.loadScript();
        });
    }

    public loadScript() {
        console.log('preparing to load...')
        let node = document.createElement('script');
        node.src = url;
        node.type = 'text/javascript';
        node.async = true;
        node.charset = 'utf-8';
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(node);
    }
}

Solution 4:

I have modified @rahul kumars answer, so that it uses Observables instead:

import { Injectable } from "@angular/core";
import { Observable } from "rxjs/Observable";
import { Observer } from "rxjs/Observer";

@Injectable()
export class ScriptLoaderService {
    private scripts: ScriptModel[] = [];

    public load(script: ScriptModel): Observable<ScriptModel> {
        return new Observable<ScriptModel>((observer: Observer<ScriptModel>) => {
            var existingScript = this.scripts.find(s => s.name == script.name);

            // Complete if already loaded
            if (existingScript && existingScript.loaded) {
                observer.next(existingScript);
                observer.complete();
            }
            else {
                // Add the script
                this.scripts = [...this.scripts, script];

                // Load the script
                let scriptElement = document.createElement("script");
                scriptElement.type = "text/javascript";
                scriptElement.src = script.src;

                scriptElement.onload = () => {
                    script.loaded = true;
                    observer.next(script);
                    observer.complete();
                };

                scriptElement.onerror = (error: any) => {
                    observer.error("Couldn't load script " + script.src);
                };

                document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0].appendChild(scriptElement);
            }
        });
    }
}

export interface ScriptModel {
    name: string,
    src: string,
    loaded: boolean
}

Solution 5:

You can load multiple scripts dynamically like this in your component.ts file:

 loadScripts() {
    const dynamicScripts = [
     'https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js',
     '../../../assets/js/dummyjs.min.js'
    ];
    for (let i = 0; i < dynamicScripts.length; i++) {
      const node = document.createElement('script');
      node.src = dynamicScripts[i];
      node.type = 'text/javascript';
      node.async = false;
      node.charset = 'utf-8';
      document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(node);
    }
  }

and call this method inside the constructor,

constructor() {
    this.loadScripts();
}

Note : For more scripts to be loaded dynamically, add them to dynamicScripts array.

Solution 6:

Yet another option would be to utilize scriptjs package for that matter which

allows you to load script resources on-demand from any URL

Example

Install the package:

npm i scriptjs

and type definitions for scriptjs:

npm install --save @types/scriptjs

Then import $script.get() method:

import { get } from 'scriptjs';

and finally load script resource, in our case Google Maps library:

export class AppComponent implements OnInit {
  ngOnInit() {
    get("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=", () => {
        //Google Maps library has been loaded...
    });
  }
}

Demo