How to print a stack trace in Node.js?

How to print a stack trace in Node.js?

Does anyone know how to print a stack trace in Node.js?


Solution 1:

Any Error object has a stack member that traps the point at which it was constructed.

var stack = new Error().stack
console.log( stack )

or more simply:

console.trace("Here I am!")

Solution 2:

Now there’s a dedicated function on console for that:


Solution 3:

As already answered, you can simply use the trace command:

console.trace("I am here");

However, if you came to this question searching about how to log the stack trace of an exception, you can simply log the Exception object.

try {  
  // if something unexpected
  throw new Error("Something unexpected has occurred.");     

} catch (e) {

It will log:

Error: Something unexpected has occurred.
    at main (c:\Users\Me\Documents\MyApp\app.js:9:15)
    at Object. (c:\Users\Me\Documents\MyApp\app.js:17:1)
    at Module._compile (module.js:460:26)
    at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:478:10)
    at Module.load (module.js:355:32)
    at Function.Module._load (module.js:310:12)
    at Function.Module.runMain (module.js:501:10)
    at startup (node.js:129:16)
    at node.js:814:3

If your Node.js version is < than 6.0.0, logging the Exception object will not be enough. In this case, it will print only:

[Error: Something unexpected has occurred.]

For Node version < 6, use console.error(e.stack) instead of console.error(e) to print the error message plus the full stack, like the current Node version does.

Note: if the exception is created as a string like throw "myException", it’s not possible to retrieve the stack trace and logging e.stack yields undefined.

To be safe, you can use

console.error(e.stack || e);

and it will work for old and new Node.js versions.

Solution 4:

To print stacktrace of Error in console in more readable way:

console.log(ex, ex.stack.split("\n"));

Example result:

[Error] [ 'Error',
  '    at repl:1:7',
  '    at REPLServer.self.eval (repl.js:110:21)',
  '    at Interface.<anonymous> (repl.js:239:12)',
  '    at Interface.EventEmitter.emit (events.js:95:17)',
  '    at Interface._onLine (readline.js:202:10)',
  '    at Interface._line (readline.js:531:8)',
  '    at Interface._ttyWrite (readline.js:760:14)',
  '    at ReadStream.onkeypress (readline.js:99:10)',
  '    at ReadStream.EventEmitter.emit (events.js:98:17)',
  '    at emitKey (readline.js:1095:12)' ]

Solution 5:

With a readily available Node module, it is possible to get full-length stack traces out of Node (albeit with a minor performance penalty):

Solution 6:

For what I know printing the complete stack trace in nodejs is not possible, you can just print a “partial” stack trace, you can not see from where you came from in the code, just where the Exception occur. That’s what Ryan Dahl explains in this youtube video. at min 56:30 for being precise. Hope this helps