How to retrieve POST query parameters?

How to retrieve POST query parameters?

Here is my simple form:



Here is my Express.js/Node.js code:
app.post(‘/userlogin’, function(sReq, sRes){
var email = sReq.query.email.;
}

I tried sReq.query.email or sReq.query[’email’] or sReq.params[’email’], etc. None of them work. They all return undefined.
When I change to a Get call, it works, so .. any idea?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Things have changed once again starting Express 4.16.0, you can now use express.json() and express.urlencoded() just like in Express 3.0.

This was different starting Express 4.0 to 4.15:

$ npm install --save body-parser

and then:

var bodyParser = require('body-parser')
app.use( bodyParser.json() );       // to support JSON-encoded bodies
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({     // to support URL-encoded bodies
  extended: true
})); 

The rest is like in Express 3.0:

Firstly you need to add some middleware to parse the post data of the body.

Add one or both of the following lines of code:

app.use(express.json());       // to support JSON-encoded bodies
app.use(express.urlencoded()); // to support URL-encoded bodies

Then, in your handler, use the req.body object:

// assuming POST: name=foo&color=red            <-- URL encoding
//
// or       POST: {"name":"foo","color":"red"}  <-- JSON encoding

app.post('/test-page', function(req, res) {
    var name = req.body.name,
        color = req.body.color;
    // ...
});

Note that the use of express.bodyParser() is not recommended.

app.use(express.bodyParser());

…is equivalent to:

app.use(express.json());
app.use(express.urlencoded());
app.use(express.multipart());

Security concerns exist with express.multipart(), and so it is better to explicitly add support for the specific encoding type(s) you require. If you do need multipart encoding (to support uploading files for example) then you should read this.

Solution 2:

Security concern using express.bodyParser()

While all the other answers currently recommend using the express.bodyParser() middleware, this is actually a wrapper around the express.json(), express.urlencoded(), and express.multipart() middlewares (http://expressjs.com/api.html#bodyParser). The parsing of form request bodies is done by the express.urlencoded() middleware and is all that you need to expose your form data on req.body object.

Due to a security concern with how express.multipart()/connect.multipart() creates temporary files for all uploaded files (and are not garbage collected), it is now recommended not to use the express.bodyParser() wrapper but instead use only the middlewares you need.

Note: connect.bodyParser() will soon be updated to only include urlencoded and json when Connect 3.0 is released (which Express extends).


So in short, instead of …

app.use(express.bodyParser());

…you should use

app.use(express.urlencoded());
app.use(express.json());      // if needed

and if/when you need to handle multipart forms (file uploads), use a third party library or middleware such as multiparty, busboy, dicer, etc.

Solution 3:

Note: this answer is for Express 2. See here for Express 3.

If you’re using connect/express, you should use the bodyParser middleware: It’s described in the Expressjs guide.

// example using express.js:
var express = require('express')
  , app = express.createServer();
app.use(express.bodyParser());
app.post('/', function(req, res){
  var email = req.param('email', null);  // second parameter is default
});

Here’s the original connect-only version:

// example using just connect
var connect = require('connect');
var url = require('url');
var qs = require('qs');
var server = connect(
  connect.bodyParser(),
  connect.router(function(app) {
    app.post('/userlogin', function(req, res) {
      // the bodyParser puts the parsed request in req.body.
      var parsedUrl = qs.parse(url.parse(req.url).query);
      var email = parsedUrl.email || req.body.email;;
    });
  })
);

Both the querystring and body are parsed using Rails-style parameter handling (qs) rather than the low-level querystring library. In order to parse repeated parameters with qs, the parameter needs to have brackets: name[]=val1&name[]=val2. It also supports nested maps. In addition to parsing HTML form submissions, the bodyParser can parse JSON requests automatically.

Edit: I read up on express.js and modified my answer to be more natural to users of Express.

Solution 4:

This will do it if you want to build the posted query without middleware:

app.post("/register/",function(req,res){
    var bodyStr = '';
    req.on("data",function(chunk){
        bodyStr += chunk.toString();
    });
    req.on("end",function(){
        res.send(bodyStr);
    });

});

That will send this to the browser

email=emailval&password1=pass1val&password2=pass2val

It’s probably better to use middleware though so you don’t have to write this over and over in each route.

Solution 5:

Note for Express 4 users:

If you try and put app.use(express.bodyParser()); into your app, you’ll get the following error when you try to start your Express server:

Error: Most middleware (like bodyParser) is no longer bundled with Express and must be installed separately. Please see https://github.com/senchalabs/connect#middleware.

You’ll have to install the package body-parser separately from npm, then use something like the following (example taken from the GitHub page):

var express    = require('express');
var bodyParser = require('body-parser');

var app = express();

app.use(bodyParser());

app.use(function (req, res, next) {
  console.log(req.body) // populated!
  next();
})

Solution 6:

Given some form:

<form action='/somepath' method='post'>
   <input type='text' name='name'></input>
</form>

Using express

app.post('/somepath', function(req, res) {

    console.log(JSON.stringify(req.body));

    console.log('req.body.name', req.body['name']);
});

Output:

{"name":"x","description":"x"}
req.param.name x