How to set an iframe src attribute from a variable in AngularJS

How to set an iframe src attribute from a variable in AngularJS

I’m trying to set the src attribute of an iframe from a variable and I can’t get it to work…
The markup:

controllers/app.js:
function AppCtrl ($scope) {

$scope.projects = {

1 : {
“id” : 1,
“name” : “Mela Sarkar”,
“url” : “http://blabla.com”,
“description” : “A professional portfolio site for McGill University professor Mela Sarkar.”
},

2 : {
“id” : 2,
“name” : “Good Watching”,
“url” : “http://goodwatching.com”,
“description” : “Weekend experiment to help my mom decide what to watch.”
}
};

$scope.setProject = function (id) {
$scope.currentProject = $scope.projects[id];
console.log( $scope.currentProject );

}
}

With this code, nothing gets inserted into the iframe’s src attribute. It’s just blank.
Update 1:
I injected the $sce dependancy into the AppCtrl and $sce.trustUrl() now works without throwing errors. However it returns TrustedValueHolderType which I’m not sure how to use to insert an actual URL. The same type is returned whether I use $sce.trustUrl() inside the interpolation braces in the attribute src=”{{trustUrl(currentProjectUrl))}}” or if I do it inside the controller when setting the value of currentProjectUrl. I even tried it with both.
Update 2:
I figured out how to return the url from the trustedUrlHolder using .toString() but when I do that, it throws the security warning when I try to pass it into the src attribute.
Update 3:
It works if I use trustAsResourceUrl() in the controller and pass that to a variable used inside the ng-src attribute:
$scope.setProject = function (id) {
$scope.currentProject = $scope.projects[id];
$scope.currentProjectUrl = $sce.trustAsResourceUrl($scope.currentProject.url);
console.log( $scope.currentProject );
console.log( $scope.currentProjectUrl );

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}

My problem seems to be solved by this, although I’m not quite sure why.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

I suspect looking at the excerpt that the function trustSrc from trustSrc(currentProject.url) is not defined in the controller.

You need to inject the $sce service in the controller and trustAsResourceUrl the url there.

In the controller:

function AppCtrl($scope, $sce) {
    // ...
    $scope.setProject = function (id) {
      $scope.currentProject = $scope.projects[id];
      $scope.currentProjectUrl = $sce.trustAsResourceUrl($scope.currentProject.url);
    }
}

In the Template:

<iframe ng-src="{{currentProjectUrl}}"> <!--content--> </iframe>

Solution 2:

It is the $sce service that blocks Urls with external domains, it is a service that provides Strict Contextual Escaping services to AngularJS, to prevent security vulnerabilities such as XSS, clickjacking, etc. it’s enabled by default in Angular 1.2.

you can disable it completely, but it’s not recommended

angular.module('myAppWithSceDisabledmyApp', [])
.config(function($sceProvider) {
    $sceProvider.enabled(false);
 });

for more info
https://docs.angularjs.org/api/ng/service/$sce

Solution 3:

Please remove call to trustSrc function and try again like this . {{trustSrc(currentProject.url)}} to {{currentProject.url}}.
Check this link http://plnkr.co/edit/caqS1jE9fpmMn5NofUve?p=preview

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But according to the Angular Js 1.2 Documentation, you should write a function for getting src url. Have a look on the following code.

Before:

Javascript

scope.baseUrl = 'page';
scope.a = 1;
scope.b = 2;

Html

<!-- Are a and b properly escaped here? Is baseUrl controlled by user? -->
<iframe src="{{baseUrl}}?a={{a}&b={{b}}"

But for security reason they are recommending following method

Javascript

var baseUrl = "page";
scope.getIframeSrc = function() {

  // One should think about their particular case and sanitize accordingly
  var qs = ["a", "b"].map(function(value, name) {
      return encodeURIComponent(name) + "=" +
             encodeURIComponent(value);
    }).join("&");

  // `baseUrl` isn't exposed to a user's control, so we don't have to worry about escaping it.
  return baseUrl + "?" + qs;
};

Html

<iframe src="{{getIframeSrc()}}">

Solution 4:

this way i follow and its work for me fine, may it will works for you,

<iframe class="img-responsive" src="{{pdfLoc| trustThisUrl }}" ng-style="{
                height: iframeHeight * 0.75 + 'px'
            }" style="width:100%"></iframe>

here trustThisUrl is just filter,

angular.module("app").filter('trustThisUrl', ["$sce", function ($sce) {
        return function (val) {
            return $sce.trustAsResourceUrl(val);
        };
    }]);

Solution 5:

select template;
iframe controller, ng model update

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index.html

angularapp.controller('FieldCtrl', function ($scope, $sce) {
        var iframeclass = '';
        $scope.loadTemplate = function() {
            if ($scope.template.length > 0) {
                // add iframe classs
                iframeclass = $scope.template.split('.')[0];
                iframe.classList.add(iframeclass);
                $scope.activeTemplate = $sce.trustAsResourceUrl($scope.template);
            } else {
                iframe.classList.remove(iframeclass);
            };
        };

    });
    // custom directive
    angularapp.directive('myChange', function() {
        return function(scope, element) {
            element.bind('input', function() {
                // the iframe function
                iframe.contentWindow.update({
                    name: element[0].name,
                    value: element[0].value
                });
            });
        };
    });

iframe.html

   window.update = function(data) {
        $scope.$apply(function() {
            $scope[data.name] = (data.value.length > 0) ? data.value: defaults[data.name];
        });
    };

Check this link: http://plnkr.co/edit/TGRj2o?p=preview

Solution 6:

You need also $sce.trustAsResourceUrl or it won’t open the website inside the iframe:

angular.module('myApp', [])
    .controller('dummy', ['$scope', '$sce', function ($scope, $sce) {

    $scope.url = $sce.trustAsResourceUrl('https://www.angularjs.org');

    $scope.changeIt = function () {
        $scope.url = $sce.trustAsResourceUrl('https://docs.angularjs.org/tutorial');
    }
}]);
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.23/angular.min.js"></script>

<div ng-app="myApp" ng-controller="dummy">
    <iframe ng-src="{{url}}" width="300" height="200"></iframe>
    <br>
    <button ng-click="changeIt()">Change it</button>
</div>