HTML5 form required attribute. Set custom validation message?

HTML5 form required attribute. Set custom validation message?

I’ve got the following HTML5 form: http://jsfiddle.net/nfgfP/




Remember me:

Currently when I hit enter when they’re both blank, a popup box appears saying “Please fill out this field”. How would I change that default message to “This field cannot be left blank”?
EDIT: Also note that the type password field’s error message is simply *****. To recreate this give the username a value and hit submit.
EDIT: I’m using Chrome 10 for testing. Please do the same

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Use setCustomValidity:

document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function() {
    var elements = document.getElementsByTagName("INPUT");
    for (var i = 0; i < elements.length; i++) {
        elements[i].oninvalid = function(e) {
            e.target.setCustomValidity("");
            if (!e.target.validity.valid) {
                e.target.setCustomValidity("This field cannot be left blank");
            }
        };
        elements[i].oninput = function(e) {
            e.target.setCustomValidity("");
        };
    }
})

I changed to vanilla JavaScript from Mootools as suggested by @itpastorn in the comments, but you should be able to work out the Mootools equivalent if necessary.

Edit

I’ve updated the code here as setCustomValidity works slightly differently to what I understood when I originally answered. If setCustomValidity is set to anything other than the empty string it will cause the field to be considered invalid; therefore you must clear it before testing validity, you can’t just set it and forget.

Further edit

As pointed out in @thomasvdb’s comment below, you need to clear the custom validity in some event outside of invalid otherwise there may be an extra pass through the oninvalid handler to clear it.

Solution 2:

Here is the code to handle Custom Error Message in HTML5

<input type="text" id="username" required placeholder="Enter Name"
    oninvalid="this.setCustomValidity('Enter User Name Here')"
    oninput="this.setCustomValidity('')"  />

This part is important because it hides the error message when the user inputs new data:

oninput="this.setCustomValidity('')"

Solution 3:

It’s very simple to control custom messages with the help of HTML5 event oninvalid

Here is code:

<input id="UserID"  type="text" required="required"
       oninvalid="this.setCustomValidity('Witinnovation')"
       onvalid="this.setCustomValidity('')">

This is most important:

onvalid="this.setCustomValidity('')"

Solution 4:

Note: This no longer works in Chrome, not tested in other browsers. See edits below. This answer is being left here for historical reference.

If you feel that the validation string really should not be set by code, you can set you input element’s title attribute to read “This field cannot be left blank”. (Works in Chrome 10)

title="This field should not be left blank."

See http://jsfiddle.net/kaleb/nfgfP/8/

And in Firefox, you can add this attribute:

x-moz-errormessage="This field should not be left blank."

Edit

This seems to have changed since I originally wrote this answer. Now adding a title does not change the validity message, it just adds an addendum to the message. The fiddle above still applies.

Edit 2

Chrome now does nothing with the title attribute as of Chrome 51. I am not sure in which version this changed.

Solution 5:

I have made a small library to ease changing and translating the error messages. You can even change the texts by error type which is currently not available using title in Chrome or x-moz-errormessage in Firefox. Go check it out on GitHub, and give feedback.

It’s used like:

<input type="email" required data-errormessage-value-missing="Please input something">

There’s a demo available at jsFiddle.

Solution 6:

It’s very simple to control custom messages with the help of the HTML5 oninvalid event

Here is the code:

User ID 
<input id="UserID"  type="text" required 
       oninvalid="this.setCustomValidity('User ID is a must')">