Include CSS,javascript file in Yii Framework

Include CSS,javascript file in Yii Framework

How to include a Javascript or CSS file in Yii Framework?
I want to create a page on my site that has a little Javascript application running, so I want to include .js and .css files in a specific view.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Something like this:

<?php  
  $baseUrl = Yii::app()->baseUrl; 
  $cs = Yii::app()->getClientScript();
  $cs->registerScriptFile($baseUrl.'/js/yourscript.js');
  $cs->registerCssFile($baseUrl.'/css/yourcss.css');
?>

Solution 2:

You can do so by adding

Yii::app()->clientScript->registerScriptFile(Yii::app()->baseUrl.'/path/to/your/script');

Solution 3:

I liked to answer this question.

Their are many places where we have css & javascript files, like in css folder which is outside the protected folder, css & js files of extension & widgets which we need to include externally sometime when use ajax a lot, js & css files of core framework which also we need to include externally sometime. So their are some ways to do this.

Include core js files of framework like jquery.js, jquery.ui.js

<?php 
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerCoreScript('jquery');     
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerCoreScript('jquery.ui'); 
?>

Include files from css folder outside of protected folder.

<?php 
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerCssFile(Yii::app()->baseUrl.'/css/example.css');
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerScriptFile(Yii::app()->baseUrl.'/css/example.js');
?>

Include css & js files from extension or widgets.

Here fancybox is an extension which is placed under protected folder.
Files we including has path : /protected/extensions/fancybox/assets/

<?php
// Fancybox stuff.
$assetUrl = Yii::app()->getAssetManager()->publish(Yii::getPathOfAlias('ext.fancybox.assets'));
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerScriptFile($assetUrl.'/jquery.fancybox-1.3.4.pack.js'); 
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerScriptFile($assetUrl.'/jquery.mousewheel-3.0.4.pack.js'); 
?>  

Also we can include core framework files:
Example : I am including CListView js file.

<?php
$baseScriptUrl=Yii::app()->getAssetManager()->publish(Yii::getPathOfAlias('zii.widgets.assets'));
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerScriptFile($baseScriptUrl.'/listview/jquery.yiilistview.js',CClientScript::POS_END);  
?>
  • We need to include js files of zii widgets or extension externally sometimes when we use them in rendered view which are received from ajax call, because loading each time new ajax file create conflict in calling js functions.

For more detail Look at my blog article

Solution 4:

Easy in your conf/main.php. This is my example with bootstrap. You can see that here

'components'=>array(
    'clientScript' => array(
        'scriptMap' => array(
            'jquery.js'=>false,  //disable default implementation of jquery
            'jquery.min.js'=>false,  //desable any others default implementation
            'core.css'=>false, //disable
            'styles.css'=>false,  //disable
            'pager.css'=>false,   //disable
            'default.css'=>false,  //disable
        ),
        'packages'=>array(
            'jquery'=>array(                             // set the new jquery
                'baseUrl'=>'bootstrap/',
                'js'=>array('js/jquery-1.7.2.min.js'),
            ),
            'bootstrap'=>array(                       //set others js libraries
                'baseUrl'=>'bootstrap/',
                'js'=>array('js/bootstrap.min.js'),
                'css'=>array(                        // and css
                    'css/bootstrap.min.css',
                    'css/custom.css',
                    'css/bootstrap-responsive.min.css',
                ),
                'depends'=>array('jquery'),         // cause load jquery before load this.
            ),
        ),
    ),
),

Solution 5:

In the view, add the following:

<?php  
  $cs = Yii::app()->getClientScript();
  $cs->registerScriptFile('/js/yourscript.js', CClientScript::POS_END);
  $cs->registerCssFile('/css/yourcss.css');
?>

Please notice the second parameter when you register the js file, it’s the position of your script, when you set it CClientScript::POS_END, you let the HTML renders before the javascript is loaded.

Solution 6:

There are many methods that we can include javascript, css into your Yii App. Today I will demonstrate three simple and helpul methods.

A simple way to add js, css by editing config/main.php

// application components
  'components'=>array(
         // ...
        'clientScript'=>array(
            'packages'=>array(
                'jquery'=>array(
                    'baseUrl'=>'//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1/',
                    'js'=>array('jquery.min.js'),
                )
            ),
        ),
        // ...
  ),

Using getClientScript

Usually, We add in block of code into Controller or layout of your theme

$baseUrl = Yii::app()->baseUrl; 
$cs = Yii::app()->getClientScript();
$cs->registerScriptFile($baseUrl.'/js/yourscript.js');
$cs->registerCssFile($baseUrl.'/css/yourcss.css');

Or shorter:

Yii::app()->clientScript->registerScriptFile(Yii::app()->baseUrl.'/path/to/your/javascript/file',CClientScript::POS_END);
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerCssFile(Yii::app()->baseUrl.'/path/to/css/file');

Include core js files

Yii::app()->clientScript->registerCoreScript('jquery');     
Yii::app()->clientScript->registerCoreScript('jquery.ui');

Faster Yii API Document: http://yii.codexamples.com/