Javascript add leading zeroes to date

Javascript add leading zeroes to date

I’ve created this script to calculate the date for 10 days in advance in the format of dd/mm/yyyy:
var MyDate = new Date();
var MyDateString = new Date();
MyDate.setDate(MyDate.getDate()+10);
MyDateString = MyDate.getDate() + ‘/’ + (MyDate.getMonth()+1) + ‘/’ + MyDate.getFullYear();

I need to have the date appear with leading zeroes on the day and month component by way of adding these rules to the script. I can’t seem to get it to work.
if (MyDate.getMonth < 10)getMonth = '0' + getMonth; and if (MyDate.getDate <10)get.Date = '0' + getDate; If someone could show me where to insert these into the script I would be really appreciative.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Try this: http://jsfiddle.net/xA5B7/

var MyDate = new Date();
var MyDateString;

MyDate.setDate(MyDate.getDate() + 20);

MyDateString = ('0' + MyDate.getDate()).slice(-2) + '/'
             + ('0' + (MyDate.getMonth()+1)).slice(-2) + '/'
             + MyDate.getFullYear();

EDIT:

To explain, .slice(-2) gives us the last two characters of the string.

So no matter what, we can add "0" to the day or month, and just ask for the last two since those are always the two we want.

So if the MyDate.getMonth() returns 9, it will be:

("0" + "9") // Giving us "09"

so adding .slice(-2) on that gives us the last two characters which is:

("0" + "9").slice(-2)
"09"

But if MyDate.getMonth() returns 10, it will be:

("0" + "10") // Giving us "010"

so adding .slice(-2) gives us the last two characters, or:

("0" + "10").slice(-2)
"10"

Solution 2:

Here is an example from the Date object docs on the Mozilla Developer Network using a custom “pad” function, without having to extend Javascript’s Number prototype. The handy function they give as an example is

function pad(n){return n<10 ? '0'+n : n}

And below is it being used in context.

/* use a function for the exact format desired... */
function ISODateString(d){
    function pad(n){return n<10 ? '0'+n : n}
    return d.getUTCFullYear()+'-'
    + pad(d.getUTCMonth()+1)+'-'
    + pad(d.getUTCDate())+'T'
    + pad(d.getUTCHours())+':'
    + pad(d.getUTCMinutes())+':'
    + pad(d.getUTCSeconds())+'Z'
}

var d = new Date();
console.log(ISODateString(d)); // prints something like 2009-09-28T19:03:12Z

Solution 3:

You can define a “str_pad” function (as in php):

function str_pad(n) {
    return String("00" + n).slice(-2);
}

Solution 4:

The new modern way to do this is to use toLocaleDateString, because it not just allows you to format a date with proper localization, you can even pass format options to archive the desired outcome:

var date = new Date(2018, 2, 1);
var result = date.toLocaleDateString("en-GB", { //if don't want to assign any language, then change the first argument value to "default"
  year: "numeric",
  month: "2-digit",
  day: "2-digit",
});
console.log(result);

When you skip the first argument it will detect the browser language, instead. Additionally, you can use 2-digit on the year option, too.

If you don’t need to support old browsers like IE10, this is the cleanest way to do the job. IE10 and lower versions won’t understand the options argument.

Solution 5:

For you people from the future (ECMAScript 2017 and beyond)

Solution

"use strict"

const today = new Date()

const year = today.getFullYear()

const month = `${today.getMonth() + 1}`.padStart(2, 0)

const day = `${today.getDate()}`.padStart(2, 0)

const stringDate = [day, month, year].join("/") // 13/12/2017

Explaination

the String.prototype.padStart(targetLength[, padString]) adds as many as possible padString in the String.prototype target so that the new length of the target is targetLength.

Example

"use strict"

let month = "9"

month = month.padStart(2, 0) // "09"

let byte = "00000100"

byte = byte.padStart(8, 0) // "00000100"

Solution 6:

Number.prototype.padZero= function(len){
 var s= String(this), c= '0';
 len= len || 2;
 while(s.length < len) s= c + s;
 return s;
}

//in use:

(function(){
 var myDate= new Date(), myDateString;
 myDate.setDate(myDate.getDate()+10);

 myDateString= [myDate.getDate().padZero(),
 (myDate.getMonth()+1).padZero(),
 myDate.getFullYear()].join('/');

 alert(myDateString);
})()

/*  value: (String)
09/09/2010
*/