JavaScript: Passing parameters to a callback function

JavaScript: Passing parameters to a callback function

I’m trying to pass some parameter to a function used as callback, how can I do that?
function tryMe (param1, param2) {
alert (param1 + ” and ” + param2);
}

function callbackTester (callback, param1, param2) {
callback (param1, param2);
}

callbackTester (tryMe, “hello”, “goodbye”);

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

If you want something slightly more general, you can use the arguments variable like so:

function tryMe (param1, param2) {
    alert(param1 + " and " + param2);
}

function callbackTester (callback) {
    callback (arguments[1], arguments[2]);
}

callbackTester (tryMe, "hello", "goodbye");

But otherwise, your example works fine (arguments[0] can be used in place of callback in the tester)

Solution 2:

This would also work:

// callback function
function tryMe (param1, param2) { 
    alert (param1 + " and " + param2); 
} 

// callback executer 
function callbackTester (callback) { 
    callback(); 
} 

// test function
callbackTester (function() {
    tryMe("hello", "goodbye"); 
}); 

Another Scenario :

// callback function
function tryMe (param1, param2, param3) { 
    alert (param1 + " and " + param2 + " " + param3); 
} 

// callback executer 
function callbackTester (callback) { 
//this is the more obivous scenario as we use callback function
//only when we have some missing value
//get this data from ajax or compute
var extraParam = "this data was missing" ;

//call the callback when we have the data
    callback(extraParam); 
} 

// test function
callbackTester (function(k) {
    tryMe("hello", "goodbye", k); 
}); 

Solution 3:

Your question is unclear. If you’re asking how you can do this in a simpler way, you should take a look at the ECMAScript 5th edition method .bind(), which is a member of Function.prototype. Using it, you can do something like this:

function tryMe (param1, param2) {
    alert (param1 + " and " + param2);
}

function callbackTester (callback) {
    callback();
}

callbackTester(tryMe.bind(null, "hello", "goodbye"));

You can also use the following code, which adds the method if it isn’t available in the current browser:

// From Prototype.js
if (!Function.prototype.bind) { // check if native implementation available
  Function.prototype.bind = function(){ 
    var fn = this, args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments),
        object = args.shift(); 
    return function(){ 
      return fn.apply(object, 
        args.concat(Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments))); 
    }; 
  };
}

Example

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bind() – PrototypeJS Documentation

Solution 4:

When you have a callback that will be called by something other than your code with a specific number of params and you want to pass in additional params you can pass a wrapper function as the callback and inside the wrapper pass the additional param(s).

function login(accessedViaPopup) {
    //pass FB.login a call back function wrapper that will accept the
    //response param and then call my "real" callback with the additional param
    FB.login(function(response){
        fb_login_callback(response,accessedViaPopup);
    });
}

//handles respone from fb login call
function fb_login_callback(response, accessedViaPopup) {
    //do stuff
}

Solution 5:

If you are not sure how many params are you going to be passed into callback functions. Using apply.

function tryMe (param1, param2) {
  alert (param1 + " and " + param2);
}

function callbackTester(callback,params){
    callback.apply(this,params);
}

callbackTester(tryMe,['hello','goodbye']);

Solution 6:

Wrap the ‘child’ function(s) being passed as/with arguments within function wrappers to prevent them being evaluated when the ‘parent’ function is called.

function outcome(){
    return false;
}

function process(callbackSuccess, callbackFailure){
    if ( outcome() )
        callbackSuccess();
    else
        callbackFailure();
}

process(function(){alert("OKAY");},function(){alert("OOPS");})