jQuery animate backgroundColor

jQuery animate backgroundColor

I am trying to animate a change in backgroundColor using jQuery on mouseover.
I have checked some example and I seem to have it right, it works with other properties like fontSize, but with backgroundColor I get and “Invalid Property” js error.
The element I am working with is a div.
$(“.usercontent”).mouseover(function() {
$(this).animate({ backgroundColor: “olive” }, “slow”);
});

Any ideas?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

The color plugin is only 4kb so much cheaper than the UI library. Of course you’ll want to use a decent version of the plugin and not some buggy old thing which doesn’t handle Safari and crashes when the transitions are too fast. Since a minified version isn’t supplied you might like test various compressors and make your own min version. YUI gets the best compression in this case needing only 2317 bytes and since it is so small – here it is:

(function (d) {
    d.each(["backgroundColor", "borderBottomColor", "borderLeftColor", "borderRightColor", "borderTopColor", "color", "outlineColor"], function (f, e) {
        d.fx.step[e] = function (g) {
            if (!g.colorInit) {
                g.start = c(g.elem, e);
                g.end = b(g.end);
                g.colorInit = true
            }
            g.elem.style[e] = "rgb(" + [Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((g.pos * (g.end[0] - g.start[0])) + g.start[0]), 255), 0), Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((g.pos * (g.end[1] - g.start[1])) + g.start[1]), 255), 0), Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((g.pos * (g.end[2] - g.start[2])) + g.start[2]), 255), 0)].join(",") + ")"
        }
    });

    function b(f) {
        var e;
        if (f && f.constructor == Array && f.length == 3) {
            return f
        }
        if (e = /rgb\(\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*,\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*,\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*\)/.exec(f)) {
            return [parseInt(e[1]), parseInt(e[2]), parseInt(e[3])]
        }
        if (e = /rgb\(\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*,\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*,\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*\)/.exec(f)) {
            return [parseFloat(e[1]) * 2.55, parseFloat(e[2]) * 2.55, parseFloat(e[3]) * 2.55]
        }
        if (e = /#([a-fA-F0-9]{2})([a-fA-F0-9]{2})([a-fA-F0-9]{2})/.exec(f)) {
            return [parseInt(e[1], 16), parseInt(e[2], 16), parseInt(e[3], 16)]
        }
        if (e = /#([a-fA-F0-9])([a-fA-F0-9])([a-fA-F0-9])/.exec(f)) {
            return [parseInt(e[1] + e[1], 16), parseInt(e[2] + e[2], 16), parseInt(e[3] + e[3], 16)]
        }
        if (e = /rgba\(0, 0, 0, 0\)/.exec(f)) {
            return a.transparent
        }
        return a[d.trim(f).toLowerCase()]
    }
    function c(g, e) {
        var f;
        do {
            f = d.css(g, e);
            if (f != "" && f != "transparent" || d.nodeName(g, "body")) {
                break
            }
            e = "backgroundColor"
        } while (g = g.parentNode);
        return b(f)
    }
    var a = {
        aqua: [0, 255, 255],
        azure: [240, 255, 255],
        beige: [245, 245, 220],
        black: [0, 0, 0],
        blue: [0, 0, 255],
        brown: [165, 42, 42],
        cyan: [0, 255, 255],
        darkblue: [0, 0, 139],
        darkcyan: [0, 139, 139],
        darkgrey: [169, 169, 169],
        darkgreen: [0, 100, 0],
        darkkhaki: [189, 183, 107],
        darkmagenta: [139, 0, 139],
        darkolivegreen: [85, 107, 47],
        darkorange: [255, 140, 0],
        darkorchid: [153, 50, 204],
        darkred: [139, 0, 0],
        darksalmon: [233, 150, 122],
        darkviolet: [148, 0, 211],
        fuchsia: [255, 0, 255],
        gold: [255, 215, 0],
        green: [0, 128, 0],
        indigo: [75, 0, 130],
        khaki: [240, 230, 140],
        lightblue: [173, 216, 230],
        lightcyan: [224, 255, 255],
        lightgreen: [144, 238, 144],
        lightgrey: [211, 211, 211],
        lightpink: [255, 182, 193],
        lightyellow: [255, 255, 224],
        lime: [0, 255, 0],
        magenta: [255, 0, 255],
        maroon: [128, 0, 0],
        navy: [0, 0, 128],
        olive: [128, 128, 0],
        orange: [255, 165, 0],
        pink: [255, 192, 203],
        purple: [128, 0, 128],
        violet: [128, 0, 128],
        red: [255, 0, 0],
        silver: [192, 192, 192],
        white: [255, 255, 255],
        yellow: [255, 255, 0],
        transparent: [255, 255, 255]
    }
})(jQuery);

Solution 2:

I had the same problem and fixed it by including jQuery UI. Here is the complete script :

<!-- include Google's AJAX API loader -->
<script src="http://www.google.com/jsapi"></script>
<!-- load JQuery and UI from Google (need to use UI to animate colors) -->
<script type="text/javascript">
google.load("jqueryui", "1.5.2");
</script>


<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function() {
$('#menu ul li.item').hover(
    function() {
        $(this).stop().animate({backgroundColor:'#4E1402'}, 300);
        }, function () {
        $(this).stop().animate({backgroundColor:'#943D20'}, 100);
    });
});
</script>

Solution 3:

Do it with CSS3-Transitions. Support is great (all modern browsers, even IE). With Compass and SASS this is quickly done:

#foo {background:red; @include transition(background 1s)}
#foo:hover {background:yellow}

Pure CSS:

#foo {
background:red;
-webkit-transition:background 1s;
-moz-transition:background 1s;
-o-transition:background 1s;
transition:background 1s
}
#foo:hover {background:yellow}

I’ve wrote an german article about this topic: http://www.solife.cc/blog/animation-farben-css3-transition.html

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Solution 4:

Bitstorm has the best jquery color animation plugin I’ve seen. It’s an improvement to the jquery color project. It also supports rgba.

http://www.bitstorm.org/jquery/color-animation/

Solution 5:

You can use jQuery UI to add this functionality. You can grab just what you need, so if you want to animate color, all you have to include is the following code. I got if from latest jQuery UI (currently 1.8.14)

/******************************************************************************/
/****************************** COLOR ANIMATIONS ******************************/
/******************************************************************************/

// override the animation for color styles
$.each(['backgroundColor', 'borderBottomColor', 'borderLeftColor',
    'borderRightColor', 'borderTopColor', 'borderColor', 'color', 'outlineColor'],
function(i, attr) {
    $.fx.step[attr] = function(fx) {
        if (!fx.colorInit) {
            fx.start = getColor(fx.elem, attr);
            fx.end = getRGB(fx.end);
            fx.colorInit = true;
        }

        fx.elem.style[attr] = 'rgb(' +
            Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((fx.pos * (fx.end[0] - fx.start[0])) + fx.start[0], 10), 255), 0) + ',' +
            Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((fx.pos * (fx.end[1] - fx.start[1])) + fx.start[1], 10), 255), 0) + ',' +
            Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((fx.pos * (fx.end[2] - fx.start[2])) + fx.start[2], 10), 255), 0) + ')';
    };
});

// Color Conversion functions from highlightFade
// By Blair Mitchelmore
// http://jquery.offput.ca/highlightFade/

// Parse strings looking for color tuples [255,255,255]
function getRGB(color) {
        var result;

        // Check if we're already dealing with an array of colors
        if ( color && color.constructor == Array && color.length == 3 )
                return color;

        // Look for rgb(num,num,num)
        if (result = /rgb\(\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*,\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*,\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*\)/.exec(color))
                return [parseInt(result[1],10), parseInt(result[2],10), parseInt(result[3],10)];

        // Look for rgb(num%,num%,num%)
        if (result = /rgb\(\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*,\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*,\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*\)/.exec(color))
                return [parseFloat(result[1])*2.55, parseFloat(result[2])*2.55, parseFloat(result[3])*2.55];

        // Look for #a0b1c2
        if (result = /#([a-fA-F0-9]{2})([a-fA-F0-9]{2})([a-fA-F0-9]{2})/.exec(color))
                return [parseInt(result[1],16), parseInt(result[2],16), parseInt(result[3],16)];

        // Look for #fff
        if (result = /#([a-fA-F0-9])([a-fA-F0-9])([a-fA-F0-9])/.exec(color))
                return [parseInt(result[1]+result[1],16), parseInt(result[2]+result[2],16), parseInt(result[3]+result[3],16)];

        // Look for rgba(0, 0, 0, 0) == transparent in Safari 3
        if (result = /rgba\(0, 0, 0, 0\)/.exec(color))
                return colors['transparent'];

        // Otherwise, we're most likely dealing with a named color
        return colors[$.trim(color).toLowerCase()];
}

function getColor(elem, attr) {
        var color;

        do {
                color = $.curCSS(elem, attr);

                // Keep going until we find an element that has color, or we hit the body
                if ( color != '' && color != 'transparent' || $.nodeName(elem, "body") )
                        break;

                attr = "backgroundColor";
        } while ( elem = elem.parentNode );

        return getRGB(color);
};

It’s only 1.43kb after compressing with YUI:

$.each(["backgroundColor","borderBottomColor","borderLeftColor","borderRightColor","borderTopColor","borderColor","color","outlineColor"],function(b,a){$.fx.step[a]=function(c){if(!c.colorInit){c.start=getColor(c.elem,a);c.end=getRGB(c.end);c.colorInit=true}c.elem.style[a]="rgb("+Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((c.pos*(c.end[0]-c.start[0]))+c.start[0],10),255),0)+","+Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((c.pos*(c.end[1]-c.start[1]))+c.start[1],10),255),0)+","+Math.max(Math.min(parseInt((c.pos*(c.end[2]-c.start[2]))+c.start[2],10),255),0)+")"}});function getRGB(b){var a;if(b&&b.constructor==Array&&b.length==3){return b}if(a=/rgb\(\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*,\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*,\s*([0-9]{1,3})\s*\)/.exec(b)){return[parseInt(a[1],10),parseInt(a[2],10),parseInt(a[3],10)]}if(a=/rgb\(\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*,\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*,\s*([0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)\%\s*\)/.exec(b)){return[parseFloat(a[1])*2.55,parseFloat(a[2])*2.55,parseFloat(a[3])*2.55]}if(a=/#([a-fA-F0-9]{2})([a-fA-F0-9]{2})([a-fA-F0-9]{2})/.exec(b)){return[parseInt(a[1],16),parseInt(a[2],16),parseInt(a[3],16)]}if(a=/#([a-fA-F0-9])([a-fA-F0-9])([a-fA-F0-9])/.exec(b)){return[parseInt(a[1]+a[1],16),parseInt(a[2]+a[2],16),parseInt(a[3]+a[3],16)]}if(a=/rgba\(0, 0, 0, 0\)/.exec(b)){return colors.transparent}return colors[$.trim(b).toLowerCase()]}function getColor(c,a){var b;do{b=$.curCSS(c,a);if(b!=""&&b!="transparent"||$.nodeName(c,"body")){break}a="backgroundColor"}while(c=c.parentNode);return getRGB(b)};

You can also animate colors using CSS3 transitions but it’s only supported by modern browsers.

a.test {
  color: red;
  -moz-transition-property: color;  /* FF4+ */
  -moz-transition-duration: 1s;
  -webkit-transition-property: color;  /* Saf3.2+, Chrome */
  -webkit-transition-duration: 1s;
  -o-transition-property: color;  /* Opera 10.5+ */
  -o-transition-duration: 1s;
  -ms-transition-property: color;  /* IE10? */
  -ms-transition-duration: 1s;
  transition-property: color;  /* Standard */
  transition-duration: 1s;
  }

  a.test:hover {
  color: blue;
  }

Using shorthand property:

/* shorthand notation for transition properties */
/* transition: [transition-property] [transition-duration] [transition-timing-function] [transition-delay]; */

a.test {
  color: red;
  -moz-transition: color 1s;
  -webkit-transition: color 1s;
  -o-transition: color 1s;
  -ms-transition: color 1s;
  transition: color 1s;
  }

a.test {
  color: blue;
 }

Unlike regular javascript transitions, CSS3 transitions are hardware accelerated and therefore smoother. You can use Modernizr, to find out if the browser supports CSS3 transitions, if it didn’t then you can use jQuery as a fallback:

if ( !cssTransitions() ) {
    $(document).ready(function(){
        $(".test").hover(function () {
                $(this).stop().animate({ backgroundColor: "red" },500)
             }, function() {
                 $(this).stop().animate({ backgroundColor: "blue" },500)}    
             );
    }); 
}

Remember to use stop() to stop the current animation before starting a new one otherwise when you pass over the element too fast, the effect keeps blinking for a while.

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Solution 6:

For anyone finding this. Your better off using the jQuery UI version because it works on all browsers. The color plugin has issues with Safari and Chrome. It only works sometimes.