jQuery + client-side template = “Syntax error, unrecognized expression”

jQuery + client-side template = “Syntax error, unrecognized expression”

I just updated jQuery from 1.8.3 to 1.9, and it started crashing all of a sudden.
This is my template:

This is how I read it:
modal_template_html = $(“#modal_template”).html();

This is how I transform it into jQuery object (I need to use jQuery methods on it):
template = $(modal_template_html);

… and jQuery crashes!
Error: Syntax error, unrecognized expression:

hello

slice.call( docElem.childNodes, 0 )[0].nodeType;
jquery-1.9.0.js (line 3811)
However, if I declare template as a plain text variable, it starts working again:
var modal_template_html = ‘

hello

‘;

Can anyone help me to figure this out?
UPDATE:
Jquery team heard and changed things back to normal in 1.10:

The biggest change you’re likely to see is that we’ve loosened up the criteria for HTML processing in $(), allowing leading spaces and newlines as we did before version 1.9

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Turns out string starting with a newline (or anything other than “<“) is not considered HTML string in jQuery 1.9

http://stage.jquery.com/upgrade-guide/1.9/#jquery-htmlstring-versus-jquery-selectorstring

Solution 2:

I guess your template is starting with a space or a tab.

You can use jQuery like that:

$($.parseHtml(modal_template_html)[1]);

or parse the string to remove spaces of the beginning:

$(modal_template_html.replace(/^[ \t]+/gm, ''));

Solution 3:

EugeneXa mentioned it in a comment, but it deserves to be an answer:

var template = $("#modal_template").html().trim();

This trims the offending whitespace from the beginning of the string. I used it with Mustache, like so:

var markup = Mustache.render(template, data);
$(markup).appendTo(container);

Solution 4:

You can use

var modal_template_html = $.trim($('#modal_template').html());
var template = $(modal_template_html);

Solution 5:

As the official document:
As of 1.9, a string is only considered to be HTML if it starts with a less-than (“<“) character. The Migrate plugin can be used to restore the pre-1.9 behavior.

If a string is known to be HTML but may start with arbitrary text that is not an HTML tag, pass it to jQuery.parseHTML() which will return an array of DOM nodes representing the markup. A jQuery collection can be created from this, for example: $($.parseHTML(htmlString)). This would be considered best practice when processing HTML templates for example. Simple uses of literal strings such as $("<p>Testing</p>").appendTo("body") are unaffected by this change.

Solution 6:

I had the same error:
“Syntax error, unrecognized expression: // “
It is known bug at JQuery, so i needed to think on workaround solution,
What I did is:
I changed “script” tag to “div”
and added at angular this code
and the error is gone…

app.run(['$templateCache', function($templateCache) {
    var url = "survey-input.html";
    content = angular.element(document.getElementById(url)).html()
    $templateCache.put(url, content);
}]);

References

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