Make header and footer files to be included in multiple html pages

Make header and footer files to be included in multiple html pages

I want to create common header and footer pages that are included on several html pages.
I’d like to use javascript. Is there a way to do this using only html and JavaScript?
I want to load a header and footer page within another html page.

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

You can accomplish this with jquery.

Place this code in index.html

<html>
<head>
<title></title>
<script
    src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.js"
    integrity="sha256-2Kok7MbOyxpgUVvAk/HJ2jigOSYS2auK4Pfzbm7uH60="
    crossorigin="anonymous">
</script>
<script> 
$(function(){
  $("#header").load("header.html"); 
  $("#footer").load("footer.html"); 
});
</script> 
</head>
<body>
<div id="header"></div>
<!--Remaining section-->
<div id="footer"></div>
</body>
</html>

and put this code in header.html and footer.html, at the same location as index.html

<a href="http://www.google.com">click here for google</a>

Now, when you visit index.html, you should be able to click the link tags.

Solution 2:

Must you use html file structure with JavaScript? Have you considered using PHP instead so that you can use simple PHP include object?

If you convert the file names of your .html pages to .php – then at the top of each of your .php pages you can use one line of code to include the content from your header.php

<?php include('header.php'); ?>

Do the same in the footer of each page to include the content from your footer.php file

<?php include('footer.php'); ?>

No JavaScript / Jquery or additional included files required.

NB You could also convert your .html files to .php files using the following in your .htaccess file

# re-write html to php
RewriteRule ^(.*)\.html$ $1.php [L]
RewriteRule ^(.+)/$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L]


# re-write no extension to .php
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteRule ^([^\.]+)$ $1.php [NC,L]

Solution 3:

I add common parts as header and footer using Server Side Includes. No HTML and no JavaScript is needed. Instead, the webserver automatically adds the included code before doing anything else.

Just add the following line where you want to include your file:

<!--#include file="include_head.html" -->

Solution 4:

I tried this:
Create a file header.html like

<!-- Meta -->
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
<!-- JS -->
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/lib/jquery-1.11.1.min.js" ></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/lib/angular.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/lib/angular-resource.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/lib/angular-route.min.js"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/bootstrap.min.css">

<title>Your application</title>

Now include header.html in your HTML pages like:

<head>
   <script type="text/javascript" src="js/lib/jquery-1.11.1.min.js" ></script>
   <script> 
     $(function(){ $("head").load("header.html") });
   </script>
</head>

Works perfectly fine.

Solution 5:

You could also put: (load_essentials.js:)

document.getElementById("myHead").innerHTML =
	"<span id='headerText'>Title</span>"
	+ "<span id='headerSubtext'>Subtitle</span>";
document.getElementById("myNav").innerHTML =
	"<ul id='navLinks'>"
	+ "<li><a href='index.html'>Home</a></li>"
	+ "<li><a href='about.html'>About</a>"
	+ "<li><a href='donate.html'>Donate</a></li>"
	+ "</ul>";
document.getElementById("myFooter").innerHTML =
	"<p id='copyright'>Copyright &copy; " + new Date().getFullYear() + " You. All"
	+ " rights reserved.</p>"
	+ "<p id='credits'>Layout by You</p>"
	+ "<p id='contact'><a href='mailto:you@you.com'>Contact Us</a> / "
	+ "<a href='mailto:you@you.com'>Report a problem.</a></p>";
<!--HTML-->
<header id="myHead"></header>
<nav id="myNav"></nav>
Content
<footer id="myFooter"></footer>

<script src="load_essentials.js"></script>

Solution 6:

I’ve been working in C#/Razor and since I don’t have IIS setup on my home laptop I looked for a javascript solution to load in views while creating static markup for our project.

I stumbled upon a website explaining methods of “ditching jquery,” it demonstrates a method on the site does exactly what you’re after in plain Jane javascript (reference link at the bottom of post). Be sure to investigate any security vulnerabilities and compatibility issues if you intend to use this in production. I am not, so I never looked into it myself.

JS Function

var getURL = function (url, success, error) {
    if (!window.XMLHttpRequest) return;
    var request = new XMLHttpRequest();
    request.onreadystatechange = function () {
        if (request.readyState === 4) {
            if (request.status !== 200) {
                if (error && typeof error === 'function') {
                    error(request.responseText, request);
                }
                return;
            }
            if (success && typeof success === 'function') {
                success(request.responseText, request);
            }
        }
    };
    request.open('GET', url);
    request.send();
};

Get the content

getURL(
    '/views/header.html',
    function (data) {
        var el = document.createElement(el);
        el.innerHTML = data;
        var fetch = el.querySelector('#new-header');
        var embed = document.querySelector('#header');
        if (!fetch || !embed) return;
        embed.innerHTML = fetch.innerHTML;

    }
);

index.html

<!-- This element will be replaced with #new-header -->
<div id="header"></div>

views/header.html

<!-- This element will replace #header -->
<header id="new-header"></header>

The source is not my own, I’m merely referencing it as it’s a good vanilla javascript solution to the OP. Original code lives here: http://gomakethings.com/ditching-jquery#get-html-from-another-page