React Native fetch() Network Request Failed

React Native fetch() Network Request Failed

When I create a brand new project using react-native init (RN version 0.29.1) and put a fetch in the render method to the public facebook demo movie API, it throws a Network Request Failed. There is a very useless stack trace and I can’t debug network requests in the chrome console. Here is the fetch I’m sending:
fetch(‘http://facebook.github.io/react-native/movies.json’)
.then((response) => response.json())
.then((responseJson) => {
return responseJson.movies;
})
.catch((error) => {
console.error(error);
});

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

The problem here is that iOS does not allow HTTP requests by default, only HTTPS. If you want to enable HTTP requests add this to your info.plist:

<key>NSAppTransportSecurity</key>
<dict>
    <key>NSAllowsArbitraryLoads</key>
    <true/>
</dict>

Solution 2:

Not recommended to allow all domains for http.
Make an exception for just the necessary domains.

Source: Configuring App Transport Security Exceptions in iOS 9 and OSX 10.11

Add the following to the info.plist file of your app:

<key>NSAppTransportSecurity</key>
<dict>
  <key>NSExceptionDomains</key>
  <dict>
    <key>yourserver.com</key>
    <dict>
      <!--Include to allow subdomains-->
      <key>NSIncludesSubdomains</key>
      <true/>
      <!--Include to allow HTTP requests-->
      <key>NSTemporaryExceptionAllowsInsecureHTTPLoads</key>
      <true/>
      <!--Include to specify minimum TLS version-->
      <key>NSTemporaryExceptionMinimumTLSVersion</key>
      <string>TLSv1.1</string>
    </dict>
  </dict>
</dict>

Solution 3:

I was using localhost for the address, which was obviously wrong. After replacing it with the IP address of the server (in the network that emulator is), it worked perfectly.

Edit

In Android Emulator, the address of the development machine is 10.0.2.2. More explanation here

For Genymotion, the address is 10.0.3.2. More info here

Solution 4:

React Native Docs gives the answer for this.

Apple has blocked implicit cleartext HTTP resource loading. So we need to add the following our project’s Info.plist (or equivalent) file.

<key>NSAppTransportSecurity</key>
<dict>
    <key>NSExceptionDomains</key>
    <dict>
        <key>localhost</key>
        <dict>
            <key>NSTemporaryExceptionAllowsInsecureHTTPLoads</key>
            <true/>
        </dict>
    </dict>
</dict>

React Native Docs -> Integration With Existing Apps -> Test your integration -> Add App Transport Security exception

Solution 5:

The problem may be in server configuration.

Android 7.0 has a bug described here. Workaround proposed by Vicky Chijwani:

Configure your server to use the elliptic curve prime256v1. For
example, in Nginx 1.10 you do this by setting ssl_ecdh_curve
prime256v1;

Solution 6:

For us it was because we were uploading a file and the RN filePicker did not give the proper mime type. It just gave us ‘image’ as the type. We needed to change it to ‘image/jpg’ to get the fetch to work.

form.append(uploadFileName, {
  uri : localImage.full,
  type: 'image/jpeg',
  name: uploadFileName
 })