Remove Object from Array using JavaScript

Remove Object from Array using JavaScript

How can I remove an object from an array?
I wish to remove the object that includes name Kristian from someArray. For example:
someArray = [{name:”Kristian”, lines:”2,5,10″},
{name:”John”, lines:”1,19,26,96″}];

I want to achieve:
someArray = [{name:”John”, lines:”1,19,26,96″}];

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

You can use several methods to remove item(s) from an Array:

//1
someArray.shift(); // first element removed
//2
someArray = someArray.slice(1); // first element removed
//3
someArray.splice(0, 1); // first element removed
//4
someArray.pop(); // last element removed
//5
someArray = someArray.slice(0, a.length - 1); // last element removed
//6
someArray.length = someArray.length - 1; // last element removed

If you want to remove element at position x, use:

someArray.splice(x, 1);

Or

someArray = someArray.slice(0, x).concat(someArray.slice(-x));

Reply to the comment of @chill182: you can remove one or more elements from an array using Array.filter, or Array.splice combined with Array.findIndex (see MDN), e.g.

// non destructive filter > noJohn = John removed, but someArray will not change
let someArray = getArray();
let noJohn = someArray.filter( el => el.name !== "John" ); 
log("non destructive filter > noJohn = ", format(noJohn));
log(`**someArray.length ${someArray.length}`);

// destructive filter/reassign John removed > someArray2 =
let someArray2 = getArray();
someArray2 = someArray2.filter( el => el.name !== "John" );
log("", "destructive filter/reassign John removed > someArray2 =", 
  format(someArray2));
log(`**someArray2.length ${someArray2.length}`);

// destructive splice /w findIndex Brian remains > someArray3 =
let someArray3 = getArray();
someArray3.splice(someArray3.findIndex(v => v.name === "Kristian"), 1);
someArray3.splice(someArray3.findIndex(v => v.name === "John"), 1);
log("", "destructive splice /w findIndex Brian remains > someArray3 =", 
  format(someArray3));
log(`**someArray3.length ${someArray3.length}`);

function format(obj) {
  return JSON.stringify(obj, null, " ");
}

function log(...txt) {
  document.querySelector("pre").textContent += `${txt.join("\n")}\n`
}

function getArray() {
  return [ {name: "Kristian", lines: "2,5,10"},
           {name: "John", lines: "1,19,26,96"},
           {name: "Brian", lines: "3,9,62,36"} ];
}
<pre>
**Results**

</pre>

Solution 2:

I recommend using underscore.js or sugar.js for common tasks like this:

// underscore.js
someArray = _.reject(someArray, function(el) { return el.Name === "Kristian"; });

// sugar.js
someArray.remove(function(el) { return el.Name === "Kristian"; });

in most projects, having a set of helper methods that is provided by libraries like these is quite useful.

Solution 3:

How about this?

$.each(someArray, function(i){
    if(someArray[i].name === 'Kristian') {
        someArray.splice(i,1);
        return false;
    }
});

Solution 4:

The clean solution would be to use Array.filter:

var filtered = someArray.filter(function(el) { return el.Name != "Kristian"; }); 

The problem with this is that it does not work on IE < 9. However, you can include code from a Javascript library (e.g. underscore.js) that implements this for any browser.

Solution 5:

Your “array” as shown is invalid JavaScript syntax. Curly brackets {} are for objects with property name/value pairs, but square brackets [] are for arrays – like so:

someArray = [{name:"Kristian", lines:"2,5,10"}, {name:"John", lines:"1,19,26,96"}];

In that case, you can use the .splice() method to remove an item. To remove the first item (index 0), say:

someArray.splice(0,1);

// someArray = [{name:"John", lines:"1,19,26,96"}];

If you don’t know the index but want to search through the array to find the item with name “Kristian” to remove you could to this:

for (var i =0; i < someArray.length; i++)
   if (someArray[i].name === "Kristian") {
      someArray.splice(i,1);
      break;
   }

EDIT: I just noticed your question is tagged with “jQuery”, so you could try the $.grep() method:

someArray = $.grep(someArray,
                   function(o,i) { return o.name === "Kristian"; },
                   true);

Solution 6:

ES2015

let someArray = [
               {name:"Kristian", lines:"2,5,10"},
               {name:"John", lines:"1,19,26,96"},
               {name:"Kristian", lines:"2,58,160"},
               {name:"Felix", lines:"1,19,26,96"}
            ];

someArray = someArray.filter(person => person.name != 'John');

It will remove John!