Restricting input to textbox: allowing only numbers and decimal point

Restricting input to textbox: allowing only numbers and decimal point

How can I restrict input to a text-box so that it accepts only numbers and the decimal point?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

<HTML>
  <HEAD>
    <SCRIPT language=Javascript>
       <!--
       function isNumberKey(evt)
       {
          var charCode = (evt.which) ? evt.which : evt.keyCode;
          if (charCode != 46 && charCode > 31 
            && (charCode < 48 || charCode > 57))
             return false;

          return true;
       }
       //-->
    </SCRIPT>
  </HEAD>
  <BODY>
    <INPUT id="txtChar" onkeypress="return isNumberKey(event)" 
           type="text" name="txtChar">
  </BODY>
</HTML>

This really works!

Solution 2:

form.onsubmit = function(){
    return textarea.value.match(/^\d+(\.\d+)?$/);
}

Is this what you’re looking for?

I hope it helps.

EDIT: I edited my example above so that there can only be one period, preceded by at least one digit and followed by at least one digit.

Solution 3:

The accepted solution is not complete, since you can enter multiple ‘.’, for example 24….22..22. with some small modifications it will work as intended:

<HTML><HEAD>
<script type="text/javascript">

 function isNumberKey(txt, evt) {

    var charCode = (evt.which) ? evt.which : evt.keyCode;
    if (charCode == 46) {
        //Check if the text already contains the . character
        if (txt.value.indexOf('.') === -1) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    } else {
        if (charCode > 31
             && (charCode < 48 || charCode > 57))
            return false;
    }
    return true;
}

</SCRIPT></HEAD><BODY>
<input type="text" onkeypress="return isNumberKey(this, event);" /> </BODY></HTML>

Solution 4:

Here is one more solution which allows for decimal numbers and also limits the digits after decimal to 2 decimal places.

function isNumberKey(evt, element) {
  var charCode = (evt.which) ? evt.which : event.keyCode
  if (charCode > 31 && (charCode < 48 || charCode > 57) && !(charCode == 46 || charCode == 8))
    return false;
  else {
    var len = $(element).val().length;
    var index = $(element).val().indexOf('.');
    if (index > 0 && charCode == 46) {
      return false;
    }
    if (index > 0) {
      var CharAfterdot = (len + 1) - index;
      if (CharAfterdot > 3) {
        return false;
      }
    }

  }
  return true;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<input type="number" id="rate" placeholder="Billing Rate" required onkeypress="return isNumberKey(event,this)">

Solution 5:

All solutions presented here are using single key events. This is very error prone since input can be also given using copy’n’paste or drag’n’drop. Also some of the solutions restrict the usage of non-character keys like ctrl+c, Pos1 etc.

I suggest rather than checking every key press you check whether the result is valid in respect to your expectations.

var validNumber = new RegExp(/^\d*\.?\d*$/);
var lastValid = document.getElementById("test1").value;
function validateNumber(elem) {
  if (validNumber.test(elem.value)) {
    lastValid = elem.value;
  } else {
    elem.value = lastValid;
  }
}
<textarea id="test1" oninput="validateNumber(this);" ></textarea>

The oninput event is triggered just after something was changed in the text area and before being rendered.

You can extend the RegEx to whatever number format you want to accept. This is far more maintainable and extendible than checking for single key presses.

Solution 6:

Are you looking for something like this?

   <HTML>
   <HEAD>
   <SCRIPT language=Javascript>
      <!--
      function isNumberKey(evt)
      {
         var charCode = (evt.which) ? evt.which : event.keyCode
         if (charCode != 46 && charCode > 31 && (charCode < 48 || charCode > 57))
            return false;

         return true;
      }
      //-->
   </SCRIPT>
   </HEAD>
   <BODY>
      <INPUT id="txtChar" onkeypress="return isNumberKey(event)" type="text" name="txtChar">
   </BODY>
  </HTML>