RGB to Hex and Hex to RGB

RGB to Hex and Hex to RGB

How to convert colors in RGB format to Hex format and vice versa?
For example, convert ‘#0080C0’ to (0, 128, 192).

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

The following will do to the RGB to hex conversion and add any required zero padding:

function componentToHex(c) {
  var hex = c.toString(16);
  return hex.length == 1 ? "0" + hex : hex;
}

function rgbToHex(r, g, b) {
  return "#" + componentToHex(r) + componentToHex(g) + componentToHex(b);
}

alert(rgbToHex(0, 51, 255)); // #0033ff

Converting the other way:

function hexToRgb(hex) {
  var result = /^#?([a-f\d]{2})([a-f\d]{2})([a-f\d]{2})$/i.exec(hex);
  return result ? {
    r: parseInt(result[1], 16),
    g: parseInt(result[2], 16),
    b: parseInt(result[3], 16)
  } : null;
}

alert(hexToRgb("#0033ff").g); // "51";

Finally, an alternative version of rgbToHex(), as discussed in @casablanca’s answer and suggested in the comments by @cwolves:

function rgbToHex(r, g, b) {
  return "#" + ((1 << 24) + (r << 16) + (g << 8) + b).toString(16).slice(1);
}

alert(rgbToHex(0, 51, 255)); // #0033ff

Update 3 December 2012

Here’s a version of hexToRgb() that also parses a shorthand hex triplet such as “#03F”:

function hexToRgb(hex) {
  // Expand shorthand form (e.g. "03F") to full form (e.g. "0033FF")
  var shorthandRegex = /^#?([a-f\d])([a-f\d])([a-f\d])$/i;
  hex = hex.replace(shorthandRegex, function(m, r, g, b) {
    return r + r + g + g + b + b;
  });

  var result = /^#?([a-f\d]{2})([a-f\d]{2})([a-f\d]{2})$/i.exec(hex);
  return result ? {
    r: parseInt(result[1], 16),
    g: parseInt(result[2], 16),
    b: parseInt(result[3], 16)
  } : null;
}

alert(hexToRgb("#0033ff").g); // "51";
alert(hexToRgb("#03f").g); // "51";

Solution 2:

An alternative version of hexToRgb:

function hexToRgb(hex) {
    var bigint = parseInt(hex, 16);
    var r = (bigint >> 16) & 255;
    var g = (bigint >> 8) & 255;
    var b = bigint & 255;

    return r + "," + g + "," + b;
}

Edit: 3/28/2017
Here is another approach that seems to be even faster

function hexToRgbNew(hex) {
  var arrBuff = new ArrayBuffer(4);
  var vw = new DataView(arrBuff);
  vw.setUint32(0,parseInt(hex, 16),false);
  var arrByte = new Uint8Array(arrBuff);

  return arrByte[1] + "," + arrByte[2] + "," + arrByte[3];
}

Edit: 8/11/2017
The new approach above after more testing is not faster :(. Though it is a fun alternate way.

Solution 3:

Here’s my version:

  function rgb2hex(red, green, blue) {
        var rgb = blue | (green << 8) | (red << 16);
        return '#' + (0x1000000 + rgb).toString(16).slice(1)
  }

  function hex2rgb(hex) {
        // long version
        r = hex.match(/^#([0-9a-f]{2})([0-9a-f]{2})([0-9a-f]{2})$/i);
        if (r) {
                return r.slice(1,4).map(function(x) { return parseInt(x, 16); });
        }
        // short version
        r = hex.match(/^#([0-9a-f])([0-9a-f])([0-9a-f])$/i);
        if (r) {
                return r.slice(1,4).map(function(x) { return 0x11 * parseInt(x, 16); });
        }
        return null;
  }

Solution 4:

ECMAScript 6 version of Tim Down’s answer

Converting RGB to hex

const rgbToHex = (r, g, b) => '#' + [r, g, b].map(x => {
  const hex = x.toString(16)
  return hex.length === 1 ? '0' + hex : hex
}).join('')

console.log(rgbToHex(0, 51, 255)); // '#0033ff'

Converting hex to RGB

Returns an array [r, g, b]. Works also with shorthand hex triplets such as "#03F".

const hexToRgb = hex =>
  hex.replace(/^#?([a-f\d])([a-f\d])([a-f\d])$/i
             ,(m, r, g, b) => '#' + r + r + g + g + b + b)
    .substring(1).match(/.{2}/g)
    .map(x => parseInt(x, 16))

console.log(hexToRgb("#0033ff")) // [0, 51, 255]
console.log(hexToRgb("#03f")) // [0, 51, 255]

Bonus: RGB to hex using padStart() method

const rgbToHex = (r, g, b) => '#' + [r, g, b]
  .map(x => x.toString(16).padStart(2, '0')).join('')

console.log(rgbToHex(0, 51, 255)); // '#0033ff'

Note that this answer uses latest ECMAScript features, which are not supported in older browsers. If you want this code to work in all environments, you should use Babel to compile your code.

Solution 5:

I’m assuming you mean HTML-style hexadecimal notation, i.e. #rrggbb. Your code is almost correct, except you’ve got the order reversed. It should be:

var decColor = red * 65536 + green * 256 + blue;

Also, using bit-shifts might make it a bit easier to read:

var decColor = (red << 16) + (green << 8) + blue;

Solution 6:

This code accept #fff and #ffffff variants and opacity.

function hex2rgb(hex, opacity) {
        var h=hex.replace('#', '');
        h =  h.match(new RegExp('(.{'+h.length/3+'})', 'g'));

        for(var i=0; i<h.length; i++)
            h[i] = parseInt(h[i].length==1? h[i]+h[i]:h[i], 16);

        if (typeof opacity != 'undefined')  h.push(opacity);

        return 'rgba('+h.join(',')+')';
}