Send response to all clients except sender

Send response to all clients except sender

To send something to all clients, you use:
io.sockets.emit(‘response’, data);

To receive from clients, you use:
socket.on(‘cursor’, function(data) {

});

How can I combine the two so that when recieving a message on the server from a client, I send that message to all users except the one sending the message?
socket.on(‘cursor’, function(data) {
io.sockets.emit(‘response’, data);
});

Do I have to hack it around by sending the client-id with the message and then checking on the client-side or is there an easier way?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Here is my list (updated for 1.0):

// sending to sender-client only
socket.emit('message', "this is a test");

// sending to all clients, include sender
io.emit('message', "this is a test");

// sending to all clients except sender
socket.broadcast.emit('message', "this is a test");

// sending to all clients in 'game' room(channel) except sender
socket.broadcast.to('game').emit('message', 'nice game');

// sending to all clients in 'game' room(channel), include sender
io.in('game').emit('message', 'cool game');

// sending to sender client, only if they are in 'game' room(channel)
socket.to('game').emit('message', 'enjoy the game');

// sending to all clients in namespace 'myNamespace', include sender
io.of('myNamespace').emit('message', 'gg');

// sending to individual socketid
socket.broadcast.to(socketid).emit('message', 'for your eyes only');

Solution 2:

From the @LearnRPG answer but with 1.0:

 // send to current request socket client
 socket.emit('message', "this is a test");

 // sending to all clients, include sender
 io.sockets.emit('message', "this is a test"); //still works
 //or
 io.emit('message', 'this is a test');

 // sending to all clients except sender
 socket.broadcast.emit('message', "this is a test");

 // sending to all clients in 'game' room(channel) except sender
 socket.broadcast.to('game').emit('message', 'nice game');

 // sending to all clients in 'game' room(channel), include sender
 // docs says "simply use to or in when broadcasting or emitting"
 io.in('game').emit('message', 'cool game');

 // sending to individual socketid, socketid is like a room
 socket.broadcast.to(socketid).emit('message', 'for your eyes only');

To answer @Crashalot comment, socketid comes from:

var io = require('socket.io')(server);
io.on('connection', function(socket) { console.log(socket.id); })

Solution 3:

Here is a more complete answer about what has changed from 0.9.x to 1.x.

 // send to current request socket client
 socket.emit('message', "this is a test");// Hasn't changed

 // sending to all clients, include sender
 io.sockets.emit('message', "this is a test"); // Old way, still compatible
 io.emit('message', 'this is a test');// New way, works only in 1.x

 // sending to all clients except sender
 socket.broadcast.emit('message', "this is a test");// Hasn't changed

 // sending to all clients in 'game' room(channel) except sender
 socket.broadcast.to('game').emit('message', 'nice game');// Hasn't changed

 // sending to all clients in 'game' room(channel), include sender
 io.sockets.in('game').emit('message', 'cool game');// Old way, DOES NOT WORK ANYMORE
 io.in('game').emit('message', 'cool game');// New way
 io.to('game').emit('message', 'cool game');// New way, "in" or "to" are the exact same: "And then simply use to or in (they are the same) when broadcasting or emitting:" from http://socket.io/docs/rooms-and-namespaces/

 // sending to individual socketid, socketid is like a room
 io.sockets.socket(socketid).emit('message', 'for your eyes only');// Old way, DOES NOT WORK ANYMORE
 socket.broadcast.to(socketid).emit('message', 'for your eyes only');// New way

I wanted to edit the post of @soyuka but my edit was rejected by peer-review.

Solution 4:

broadcast.emit sends the msg to all other clients (except for the sender)

socket.on('cursor', function(data) {
  socket.broadcast.emit('msg', data);
});

Solution 5:

For namespaces within rooms looping the list of clients in a room (similar to Nav’s answer) is one of only two approaches I’ve found that will work. The other is to use exclude. E.G.

socket.on('message',function(data) {
    io.of( 'namespace' ).in( data.roomID ).except( socket.id ).emit('message',data);
}

Solution 6:

Emit cheatsheet

io.on('connect', onConnect);

function onConnect(socket){

  // sending to the client
  socket.emit('hello', 'can you hear me?', 1, 2, 'abc');

  // sending to all clients except sender
  socket.broadcast.emit('broadcast', 'hello friends!');

  // sending to all clients in 'game' room except sender
  socket.to('game').emit('nice game', "let's play a game");

  // sending to all clients in 'game1' and/or in 'game2' room, except sender
  socket.to('game1').to('game2').emit('nice game', "let's play a game (too)");

  // sending to all clients in 'game' room, including sender
  io.in('game').emit('big-announcement', 'the game will start soon');

  // sending to all clients in namespace 'myNamespace', including sender
  io.of('myNamespace').emit('bigger-announcement', 'the tournament will start soon');

  // sending to individual socketid (private message)
  socket.to(<socketid>).emit('hey', 'I just met you');

  // sending with acknowledgement
  socket.emit('question', 'do you think so?', function (answer) {});

  // sending without compression
  socket.compress(false).emit('uncompressed', "that's rough");

  // sending a message that might be dropped if the client is not ready to receive messages
  socket.volatile.emit('maybe', 'do you really need it?');

  // sending to all clients on this node (when using multiple nodes)
  io.local.emit('hi', 'my lovely babies');

};

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