Sort Javascript Object Array By Date

Sort Javascript Object Array By Date

Say I have an array of a few objects:
var array = [{id: 1, date: Mar 12 2012 10:00:00 AM}, {id: 2, date: Mar 8 2012 08:00:00 AM}];

How can I sort this array by the date element in order from the date closest to the current date and time down? Keep in mind that the array may have many objects, but for the sake of simplicity I used 2.
Would I use the sort function and a custom comparator?
UPDATE
In my specific case, I wanted the dates arranged from the most recent to the oldest. It ended up that I had to reverse the simple function’s logic as so:
array.sort(function(a, b) {
a = new Date(a.dateModified);
b = new Date(b.dateModified);
return a>b ? -1 : a

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Simplest Answer

array.sort(function(a,b){
  // Turn your strings into dates, and then subtract them
  // to get a value that is either negative, positive, or zero.
  return new Date(b.date) - new Date(a.date);
});

More Generic Answer

array.sort(function(o1,o2){
  if (sort_o1_before_o2)    return -1;
  else if(sort_o1_after_o2) return  1;
  else                      return  0;
});

Or more tersely:

array.sort(function(o1,o2){
  return sort_o1_before_o2 ? -1 : sort_o1_after_o2 ? 1 : 0;
});

Generic, Powerful Answer

Define a custom non-enumerable sortBy function using a Schwartzian transform on all arrays :

(function(){
  if (typeof Object.defineProperty === 'function'){
    try{Object.defineProperty(Array.prototype,'sortBy',{value:sb}); }catch(e){}
  }
  if (!Array.prototype.sortBy) Array.prototype.sortBy = sb;

  function sb(f){
    for (var i=this.length;i;){
      var o = this[--i];
      this[i] = [].concat(f.call(o,o,i),o);
    }
    this.sort(function(a,b){
      for (var i=0,len=a.length;i<len;++i){
        if (a[i]!=b[i]) return a[i]<b[i]?-1:1;
      }
      return 0;
    });
    for (var i=this.length;i;){
      this[--i]=this[i][this[i].length-1];
    }
    return this;
  }
})();

Use it like so:

array.sortBy(function(o){ return o.date });

If your date is not directly comparable, make a comparable date out of it, e.g.

array.sortBy(function(o){ return new Date( o.date ) });

You can also use this to sort by multiple criteria if you return an array of values:

// Sort by date, then score (reversed), then name
array.sortBy(function(o){ return [ o.date, -o.score, o.name ] };

See http://phrogz.net/JS/Array.prototype.sortBy.js for more details.

Solution 2:

@Phrogz answers are both great, but here is a great, more concise answer:

array.sort(function(a,b){return a.getTime() - b.getTime()});

Using the arrow function way

array.sort((a,b)=>a.getTime()-b.getTime());

found here: Sort date in Javascript

Solution 3:

After correcting the JSON this should work.

var array = [{id: 1, date:'Mar 12 2012 10:00:00 AM'},{id: 2, date:'Mar 8 2012 08:00:00 AM'}];


array.sort(function(a,b){
var c = new Date(a.date);
var d = new Date(b.date);
return c-d;
});

Solution 4:

Your data needs some corrections:

var array = [{id: 1, date: "Mar 12 2012 10:00:00 AM"},{id: 2, date: "Mar 28 2012 08:00:00 AM"}];

After correcting the data, you can use this piece of code:

function sortFunction(a,b){  
    var dateA = new Date(a.date).getTime();
    var dateB = new Date(b.date).getTime();
    return dateA > dateB ? 1 : -1;  
}; 

var array = [{id: 1, date: "Mar 12 2012 10:00:00 AM"},{id: 2, date: "Mar 28 2012 08:00:00 AM"}];
array.sort(sortFunction);​

Solution 5:

I recommend GitHub: Array sortBy – a best implementation of sortBy method which uses the Schwartzian transform

But for now we are going to try this approach Gist: sortBy-old.js.
Let’s create a method to sort arrays being able to arrange objects by some property.

Creating the sorting function

var sortBy = (function () {
  var toString = Object.prototype.toString,
      // default parser function
      parse = function (x) { return x; },
      // gets the item to be sorted
      getItem = function (x) {
        var isObject = x != null && typeof x === "object";
        var isProp = isObject && this.prop in x;
        return this.parser(isProp ? x[this.prop] : x);
      };

  /**
   * Sorts an array of elements.
   *
   * @param {Array} array: the collection to sort
   * @param {Object} cfg: the configuration options
   * @property {String}   cfg.prop: property name (if it is an Array of objects)
   * @property {Boolean}  cfg.desc: determines whether the sort is descending
   * @property {Function} cfg.parser: function to parse the items to expected type
   * @return {Array}
   */
  return function sortby (array, cfg) {
    if (!(array instanceof Array && array.length)) return [];
    if (toString.call(cfg) !== "[object Object]") cfg = {};
    if (typeof cfg.parser !== "function") cfg.parser = parse;
    cfg.desc = !!cfg.desc ? -1 : 1;
    return array.sort(function (a, b) {
      a = getItem.call(cfg, a);
      b = getItem.call(cfg, b);
      return cfg.desc * (a < b ? -1 : +(a > b));
    });
  };

}());

Setting unsorted data

var data = [
  {date: "2011-11-14T17:25:45Z", quantity: 2, total: 200, tip: 0,   type: "cash"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T16:28:54Z", quantity: 1, total: 300, tip: 200, type: "visa"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T16:30:43Z", quantity: 2, total: 90,  tip: 0,   type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T17:22:59Z", quantity: 2, total: 90,  tip: 0,   type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T16:53:41Z", quantity: 2, total: 90,  tip: 0,   type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T16:48:46Z", quantity: 2, total: 90,  tip: 0,   type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-31T17:29:52Z", quantity: 1, total: 200, tip: 100, type: "visa"},
  {date: "2011-11-01T16:17:54Z", quantity: 2, total: 190, tip: 100, type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T16:58:03Z", quantity: 2, total: 90,  tip: 0,   type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T16:20:19Z", quantity: 2, total: 190, tip: 100, type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T17:07:21Z", quantity: 2, total: 90,  tip: 0,   type: "tab"},
  {date: "2011-11-14T16:54:06Z", quantity: 1, total: 100, tip: 0,   type: "cash"}
];

Using it

Finally, we arrange the array, by "date" property as string

//sort the object by a property (ascending)
//sorting takes into account uppercase and lowercase
sortBy(data, { prop: "date" });

If you want to ignore letter case, set the "parser" callback:

//sort the object by a property (descending)
//sorting ignores uppercase and lowercase
sortBy(data, {
    prop: "date",
    desc: true,
    parser: function (item) {
        //ignore case sensitive
        return item.toUpperCase();
    }
});

If you want to treat the “date” field as Date type:

//sort the object by a property (ascending)
//sorting parses each item to Date type
sortBy(data, {
    prop: "date",
    parser: function (item) {
        return new Date(item);
    }
});

Here you can play with the above example:
jsbin.com/lesebi

Solution 6:

You could use sortBy in underscore js.

http://underscorejs.org/#sortBy

Sample:

var log = [{date: '2016-01-16T05:23:38+00:00', other: 'sample'}, 
           {date: '2016-01-13T05:23:38+00:00',other: 'sample'}, 
           {date: '2016-01-15T11:23:38+00:00', other: 'sample'}];

console.log(_.sortBy(log, 'date'));