Switch statement for string matching in JavaScript

Switch statement for string matching in JavaScript

How do I write a swtich for the following conditional?
If the url contains “foo”, then settings.base_url is “bar”.
The following is achieving the effect required but I’ve a feeling this would be more manageable in a switch:
var doc_location = document.location.href;
var url_strip = new RegExp(“http:\/\/.*\/”);
var base_url = url_strip.exec(doc_location)
var base_url_string = base_url[0];

//BASE URL CASES

// LOCAL
if (base_url_string.indexOf(‘xxx.local’) > -1) {
settings = {
“base_url” : “http://xxx.local/”
};
}

// DEV
if (base_url_string.indexOf(‘xxx.dev.yyy.com’) > -1) {
settings = {
“base_url” : “http://xxx.dev.yyy.com/xxx/”
};
}

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

You can’t do it in a switch unless you’re doing full string matching; that’s doing substring matching. (This isn’t quite true, as Sean points out in the comments. See note at the end.)

If you’re happy that your regex at the top is stripping away everything that you don’t want to compare in your match, you don’t need a substring match, and could do:

switch (base_url_string) {
    case "xxx.local":
        // Blah
        break;
    case "xxx.dev.yyy.com":
        // Blah
        break;
}

…but again, that only works if that’s the complete string you’re matching. It would fail if base_url_string were, say, “yyy.xxx.local” whereas your current code would match that in the “xxx.local” branch.


Update: Okay, so technically you can use a switch for substring matching, but I wouldn’t recommend it in most situations. Here’s how (live example):

function test(str) {
    switch (true) {
      case /xyz/.test(str):
        display("• Matched 'xyz' test");
        break;
      case /test/.test(str):
        display("• Matched 'test' test");
        break;
      case /ing/.test(str):
        display("• Matched 'ing' test");
        break;
      default:
        display("• Didn't match any test");
        break;
    }
}

That works because of the way JavaScript switch statements work, in particular two key aspects: First, that the cases are considered in source text order, and second that the selector expressions (the bits after the keyword case) are expressions that are evaluated as that case is evaluated (not constants as in some other languages). So since our test expression is true, the first case expression that results in true will be the one that gets used.

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Solution 2:

RegExp can be used on the input string not just technically but practically with the match method too.

Because the output of the match() is an array we need to retrieve the first array element of the result. When the match fails, the function returns null. To avoid an exception error we will add the || conditional operator before accessing the first array element and test against the input property that is a static property of regular expressions that contains the input string.

str = 'XYZ test';
switch (str) {
  case (str.match(/^xyz/) || {}).input:
    console.log("Matched a string that starts with 'xyz'");
    break;
  case (str.match(/test/) || {}).input:
    console.log("Matched the 'test' substring");        
    break;
  default:
    console.log("Didn't match");
    break;
}

Another approach is to use the String() constructor to convert the resulting array that must have only 1 element (no capturing groups) and whole string must be captured with quanitifiers (.*) to a string. In case of a failure the null object will become a "null" string. Not convenient.

str = 'haystack';
switch (str) {
  case String(str.match(/^hay.*/)):
    console.log("Matched a string that starts with 'hay'");
    break;
}

Anyway, a more elegant solution is to use the /^find-this-in/.test(str) with switch (true) method which simply returns a boolean value and it’s easier to search without case sensitivity.

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Solution 3:

Just use the location.host property

switch (location.host) {
    case "xxx.local":
        settings = ...
        break;
    case "xxx.dev.yyy.com":
        settings = ...
        break;
}

Solution 4:

Another option is to use input field of a regexp match result:

str = 'XYZ test';
switch (str) {
  case (str.match(/^xyz/) || {}).input:
    console.log("Matched a string that starts with 'xyz'");
    break;
  case (str.match(/test/) || {}).input:
    console.log("Matched the 'test' substring");        
    break;
  default:
    console.log("Didn't match");
    break;
}

Solution 5:

var token = 'spo';

switch(token){
    case ( (token.match(/spo/) )? token : undefined ) :
       console.log('MATCHED')    
    break;;
    default:
       console.log('NO MATCH')
    break;;
}

–> If the match is made the ternary expression returns the original token

—-> The original token is evaluated by case

–> If the match is not made the ternary returns undefined

—-> Case evaluates the token against undefined which hopefully your token is not.

The ternary test can be anything for instance in your case

( !!~ base_url_string.indexOf('xxx.dev.yyy.com') )? xxx.dev.yyy.com : undefined 

===========================================

(token.match(/spo/) )? token : undefined ) 

is a ternary expression.

The test in this case is token.match(/spo/) which states the match the string held in token against the regex expression /spo/ ( which is the literal string spo in this case ).

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If the expression and the string match it results in true and returns token ( which is the string the switch statement is operating on ).

Obviously token === token so the switch statement is matched and the case evaluated

It is easier to understand if you look at it in layers and understand that the turnery test is evaluated “BEFORE” the switch statement so that the switch statement only sees the results of the test.

Solution 6:

It may be easier. Try to think like this:

  • first catch a string between regular characters
  • after that find “case”

:

// 'www.dev.yyy.com'
// 'xxx.foo.pl'

var url = "xxx.foo.pl";

switch (url.match(/\..*.\./)[0]){
   case ".dev.yyy." :
          console.log("xxx.dev.yyy.com");break;

   case ".some.":
          console.log("xxx.foo.pl");break;
} //end switch