Triggering HTML5 Form Validation

Triggering HTML5 Form Validation

I have a form with several different fieldsets. I have some Javascript that displays the field sets to the users one at a time. For browsers that support HTML5 validation, I’d love to make use of it. However, I need to do it on my terms. I’m using JQuery.
When a user clicks a JS Link to move to the next fieldset, I need the validation to happen on the current fieldset and block the user from moving forward if there is issues.
Ideally, as the user loses focus on an element, validation will occur.
Currently have novalidate going and using Javascript. Would prefer to use the native method. 🙂

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

You can’t trigger the native validation UI, but you can easily take advantage of the validation API on arbitrary input elements:

$('input').blur(function(event) {
    event.target.checkValidity();
}).bind('invalid', function(event) {
    setTimeout(function() { $(event.target).focus();}, 50);
});

The first event fires checkValidity on every input element as soon as it loses focus, if the element is invalid then the corresponding event will be fired and trapped by the second event handler. This one sets the focus back to the element, but that could be quite annoying, I assume you have a better solution for notifying about the errors. Here’s a working example of my code above.

Solution 2:

TL;DR: Not caring about old browsers? Use form.reportValidity().

Need legacy browser support? Read on.

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It actually is possible to trigger validation manually.

I’ll use plain JavaScript in my answer to improve reusability, no jQuery is needed.


Assume the following HTML form:

<form>
  <input required>
  <button type="button">Trigger validation</button>
</form>

And let’s grab our UI elements in JavaScript:

var form = document.querySelector('form')
var triggerButton = document.querySelector('button')

Don’t need support for legacy browsers like Internet Explorer? This is for you.

All modern browsers support the relatively new reportValidity() method on form elements.

triggerButton.onclick = function () {
    form.reportValidity()
}

That’s it, we’re done. Also, here’s a simple CodePen using this approach.


Approach for older browsers

Below is a detailed explanation how reportValidity() can be emulated in older browsers.

However, you don’t need to copy&paste those code blocks into your project yourself — there is a ponyfill/polyfill readily available for you.

Where reportValidity() is not supported, we need to trick the browser a little bit. So, what will we do?

  1. Check validity of the form by calling form.checkValidity(). This will tell us if the form is valid, but not show the validation UI.
  2. If the form is invalid, we create a temporary submit button and trigger a click on it. Since the form is not valid, we know it won’t actually submit, however, it will show validation hints to the user. We’ll remove the temporary submit button immedtiately, so it will never be visible to the user.
  3. If the form is valid, we don’t need to interfere at all and let the user proceed.
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In code:

triggerButton.onclick = function () {
  // Form is invalid!
  if (!form.checkValidity()) {
    // Create the temporary button, click and remove it
    var tmpSubmit = document.createElement('button')
    form.appendChild(tmpSubmit)
    tmpSubmit.click()
    form.removeChild(tmpSubmit)

  } else {
    // Form is valid, let the user proceed or do whatever we need to
  }
}

This code will work in pretty much any common browser (I’ve tested it successfully down to IE11).

Here’s a working CodePen example.

Solution 3:

In some extent, You CAN trigger HTML5 form validation and show hints to user without submitting the form!

Two button, one for validate, one for submit

Set a onclick listener on the validate button to set a global flag(say justValidate) to indicate this click is intended to check the validation of the form.

And set a onclick listener on the submit button to set the justValidate flag to false.

Then in the onsubmit handler of the form, you check the flag justValidate to decide the returning value and invoke the preventDefault() to stop the form to submit. As you know, the HTML5 form validation(and the GUI hint to user) is preformed before the onsubmit event, and even if the form is VALID you can stop the form submit by returning false or invoke preventDefault().

And, in HTML5 you have a method to check the form’s validation: the form.checkValidity(), then in you can know if the form is validate or not in your code.

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OK, here is the demo:
http://jsbin.com/buvuku/2/edit

Solution 4:

Somewhat easy to make add or remove HTML5 validation to fieldsets.

 $('form').each(function(){

    // CLEAR OUT ALL THE HTML5 REQUIRED ATTRS
    $(this).find('.required').attr('required', false);

    // ADD THEM BACK TO THE CURRENT FIELDSET
    // I'M JUST USING A CLASS TO IDENTIFY REQUIRED FIELDS
    $(this).find('fieldset.current .required').attr('required', true);

    $(this).submit(function(){

        var current     = $(this).find('fieldset.current')
        var next        = $(current).next()

        // MOVE THE CURRENT MARKER
        $(current).removeClass('current');
        $(next).addClass('current');

        // ADD THE REQUIRED TAGS TO THE NEXT PART
        // NO NEED TO REMOVE THE OLD ONES
        // SINCE THEY SHOULD BE FILLED OUT CORRECTLY
        $(next).find('.required').attr('required', true);

    });

});

Solution 5:

I’m not sure it’s worth it for me to type this all up from scratch since this article published in A List Apart does a pretty good job explaining it. MDN also has a handy guide for HTML5 forms and validation (covering the API and also the related CSS).

Solution 6:

Html Code:

<form class="validateDontSubmit">
....
<button style="dislay:none">submit</button>
</form>
<button class="outside"></button>

javascript( using Jquery):

<script type="text/javascript">

$(document).on('submit','.validateDontSubmit',function (e) {
    //prevent the form from doing a submit
    e.preventDefault();
    return false;
})

$(document).ready(function(){
// using button outside trigger click
    $('.outside').click(function() {
        $('.validateDontSubmit button').trigger('click');
    });
});
</script>

Hope this will help you