Uploading both data and files in one form using Ajax?

Uploading both data and files in one form using Ajax?

I’m using jQuery and Ajax for my forms to submit data and files but I’m not sure how to send both data and files in one form?
I currently do almost the same with both methods but the way in which the data is gathered into an array is different, the data uses .serialize(); but the files use = new FormData($(this)[0]);
Is it possible to combine both methods to be able to upload files and data in one form through Ajax?
Data jQuery, Ajax and html
$(“form#data”).submit(function(){

var formData = $(this).serialize();

$.ajax({
url: window.location.pathname,
type: ‘POST’,
data: formData,
async: false,
success: function (data) {
alert(data)
},
cache: false,
contentType: false,
processData: false
});

return false;
});





Files jQuery, Ajax and html
$(“form#files”).submit(function(){

var formData = new FormData($(this)[0]);

$.ajax({
url: window.location.pathname,
type: ‘POST’,
data: formData,
async: false,
success: function (data) {
alert(data)
},
cache: false,
contentType: false,
processData: false
});

return false;
});



How can I combine the above so that I can send data and files in one form via Ajax?
My aim is to be able to send all of this form in one post with Ajax, is it possible?






Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

The problem I had was using the wrong jQuery identifier.

You can upload data and files with one form using ajax.

PHP + HTML

<?php

print_r($_POST);
print_r($_FILES);
?>

<form id="data" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input type="text" name="first" value="Bob" />
    <input type="text" name="middle" value="James" />
    <input type="text" name="last" value="Smith" />
    <input name="image" type="file" />
    <button>Submit</button>
</form>

jQuery + Ajax

$("form#data").submit(function(e) {
    e.preventDefault();    
    var formData = new FormData(this);

    $.ajax({
        url: window.location.pathname,
        type: 'POST',
        data: formData,
        success: function (data) {
            alert(data)
        },
        cache: false,
        contentType: false,
        processData: false
    });
});

Short Version

$("form#data").submit(function(e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    var formData = new FormData(this);    

    $.post($(this).attr("action"), formData, function(data) {
        alert(data);
    });
});

Solution 2:

another option is to use an iframe and set the form’s target to it.

you may try this (it uses jQuery):

function ajax_form($form, on_complete)
{
    var iframe;

    if (!$form.attr('target'))
    {
        //create a unique iframe for the form
        iframe = $("<iframe></iframe>").attr('name', 'ajax_form_' + Math.floor(Math.random() * 999999)).hide().appendTo($('body'));
        $form.attr('target', iframe.attr('name'));
    }

    if (on_complete)
    {
        iframe = iframe || $('iframe[name="' + $form.attr('target') + '"]');
        iframe.load(function ()
        {
            //get the server response
            var response = iframe.contents().find('body').text();
            on_complete(response);
        });
    }
}

it works well with all browsers, you don’t need to serialize or prepare the data.
one down side is that you can’t monitor the progress.

also, at least for chrome, the request will not appear in the “xhr” tab of the developer tools but under “doc”

Solution 3:

Or shorter:

$("form#data").submit(function() {
    var formData = new FormData(this);
    $.post($(this).attr("action"), formData, function() {
        // success    
    });
    return false;
});

Solution 4:

I was having this same issue in ASP.Net MVC with HttpPostedFilebase and instead of using form on Submit I needed to use button on click where I needed to do some stuff and then if all OK the submit form so here is how I got it working

$(".submitbtn").on("click", function(e) {

    var form = $("#Form");

    // you can't pass Jquery form it has to be javascript form object
    var formData = new FormData(form[0]);

    //if you only need to upload files then 
    //Grab the File upload control and append each file manually to FormData
    //var files = form.find("#fileupload")[0].files;

    //$.each(files, function() {
    //  var file = $(this);
    //  formData.append(file[0].name, file[0]);
    //});

    if ($(form).valid()) {
        $.ajax({
            type: "POST",
            url: $(form).prop("action"),
            //dataType: 'json', //not sure but works for me without this
            data: formData,
            contentType: false, //this is requireded please see answers above
            processData: false, //this is requireded please see answers above
            //cache: false, //not sure but works for me without this
            error   : ErrorHandler,
            success : successHandler
        });
    }
});

this will than correctly populate your MVC model, please make sure in your Model, The Property for HttpPostedFileBase[] has the same name as the Name of the input control in html i.e.

<input id="fileupload" type="file" name="UploadedFiles" multiple>

public class MyViewModel
{
    public HttpPostedFileBase[] UploadedFiles { get; set; }
}

Solution 5:

For me, it didn’t work without enctype: 'multipart/form-data' field in the Ajax request. I hope it helps someone who is stuck in a similar problem.

Even though the enctype was already set in the form attribute, for some reason, the Ajax request didn’t automatically identify the enctype without explicit declaration (jQuery 3.3.1).

// Tested, this works for me (jQuery 3.3.1)

fileUploadForm.submit(function (e) {   
    e.preventDefault();
    $.ajax({
            type: 'POST',
            url: $(this).attr('action'),
            enctype: 'multipart/form-data',
            data: new FormData(this),
            processData: false,
            contentType: false,
            success: function (data) {
                console.log('Thank God it worked!');
            }
        }
    );
});

// enctype field was set in the form but Ajax request didn't set it by default.

<form action="process/file-upload" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post" >

     <input type="file" name="input-file" accept="text/plain" required> 
     ...
</form>

As others mentioned above, please also pay special attention to the contentType and processData fields.

Solution 6:

For me following code work

  $(function () {
    debugger;
    document.getElementById("FormId").addEventListener("submit", function (e) {
        debugger;
        if (ValidDateFrom()) { // Check Validation 
            var form = e.target;
            if (form.getAttribute("enctype") === "multipart/form-data") {
                debugger;
                if (form.dataset.ajax) {
                    e.preventDefault();
                    e.stopImmediatePropagation();
                    var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
                    xhr.open(form.method, form.action);
                    xhr.onreadystatechange = function (result) {
                        debugger;
                        if (xhr.readyState == 4 && xhr.status == 200) {
                            debugger;
                            var responseData = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
                            SuccessMethod(responseData); // Redirect to your Success method 
                        }
                    };
                    xhr.send(new FormData(form));
                }
            }
        }
    }, true);
});

In your Action Post Method, pass parameter as HttpPostedFileBase UploadFile and make sure your file input has same as mentioned in your parameter of the Action Method.
It should work with AJAX Begin form as well.

Remember over here that your AJAX BEGIN Form will not work over here since you make your post call defined in the code mentioned above and you can reference your method in the code as per the Requirement

I know I am answering late but this is what worked for me