Using Node.JS, how do I read a JSON file into (server) memory?

Using Node.JS, how do I read a JSON file into (server) memory?

Background
I am doing some experimentation with Node.js and would like to read a JSON object, either from a text file or a .js file (which is better??) into memory so that I can access that object quickly from code. I realize that there are things like Mongo, Alfred, etc out there, but that is not what I need right now.
Question
How do I read a JSON object out of a text or js file and into server memory using JavaScript/Node?

Solutions/Answers:

Solution 1:

Sync:

var fs = require('fs');
var obj = JSON.parse(fs.readFileSync('file', 'utf8'));

Async:

var fs = require('fs');
var obj;
fs.readFile('file', 'utf8', function (err, data) {
  if (err) throw err;
  obj = JSON.parse(data);
});

Solution 2:

The easiest way I have found to do this is to just use require and the path to your JSON file.

For example, suppose you have the following JSON file.

test.json

{
  "firstName": "Joe",
  "lastName": "Smith"
}

You can then easily load this in your node.js application using require

var config = require('./test.json');
console.log(config.firstName + ' ' + config.lastName);

Solution 3:

Asynchronous is there for a reason! Throws stone at @mihai

Otherwise, here is the code he used with the asynchronous version:

// Declare variables
var fs = require('fs'),
    obj

// Read the file and send to the callback
fs.readFile('path/to/file', handleFile)

// Write the callback function
function handleFile(err, data) {
    if (err) throw err
    obj = JSON.parse(data)
    // You can now play with your datas
}

Solution 4:

At least in Node v8.9.1, you can just do

var json_data = require('/path/to/local/file.json');

and access all the elements of the JSON object.

Solution 5:

In Node 8 you can use the built-in util.promisify() to asynchronously read a file like this

const {promisify} = require('util')
const fs = require('fs')
const readFileAsync = promisify(fs.readFile)

readFileAsync(`${__dirname}/my.json`, {encoding: 'utf8'})
  .then(contents => {
    const obj = JSON.parse(contents)
    console.log(obj)
  })
  .catch(error => {
    throw error
  })

Solution 6:

https://nodejs.org/dist/latest-v6.x/docs/api/fs.html#fs_fs_readfile_file_options_callback

var fs = require('fs');  

fs.readFile('/etc/passwd', (err, data) => {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log(data);
});  

// options
fs.readFile('/etc/passwd', 'utf8', callback);

https://nodejs.org/dist/latest-v6.x/docs/api/fs.html#fs_fs_readfilesync_file_options

You can find all usage of Node.js at the File System docs!
hope this help for you!